Victor Madeira


Madeira, Victor. "'Because I Don't Trust Him, We Are Friends': Signals Intelligence and the Reluctant Anglo-Soviet Embrace, 1917-24." Intelligence and National Security 19, no. 1 (Spring 2004): 29-51.

"In late November 1919, the first solutions of encoded Bolshevik communications appeared.... In early 1920, GCCS started solving high-grade Soviet diplomatic messages.... [K]nowing Soviet intentions, strengths, and weaknesses was what permitted successive Britsh administrations from 1917 to 1924 to negotiate a potentially explosive period unscathed."


Madeira, Victor. Britannia and the Bear: The Anglo-Russian Intelligence Wars 1917–1929. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell, 2014.

Peake, Studies 58.4 (Dec. 2014), calls this as "the first detailed study of a Soviet espionage network that penetrated the English establishment long before the better-known Cambridge Five.... The principal Soviet agent involved was William Ewer." Howevwe, the book "is not easy reading. It is chronologically muddled, topically confusing, and saturated with awkward syntax."

[UK/Interwar/20s; Russia/Spies/Gen]

Madeira, Victor. "Moscow's Interwar Infiltration of British Intelligence 1919-29." The Historical Journal 46, no. 4 (2003): 915-933.


Madeira, Victor. "'No Wishful Thinking Allowed': Secret Service Committee and Intelligence Reform in Great Britain, 1919-23." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 1-20.

In Post-World War I Britain, "[f]ear that Bolshevism threatened domestic social order and imperial interests prompted a handful of politicians and bureaucrats to press for intelligence reform.... By concentrating excessively on symptoms of popular discontent..., such men may have contributed to blinding government to a far graver danger: the penetration of British bureaucracy by Soviet agents.... [P]olitically motivated inflations of the Bolshevik 'menace' by elements of the security establishment greatly undermined the credibility of subsequent evidence on nascent Soviet espionage efforts."


Return to Made-Mag