Liv - Loc

Livermore, Dan. Does Canada Need a Foreign Intelligence Agency? CIPS Policy Brief No. 3. Ottawa: University of Ottawa, Centre for International Policy Studies, 2009.


Livingston, Marius H., Lee Bruce Kress, and Marie G. Wanek, eds. International Terrorism in the Contemporary World. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1978.


Livingston, Robert Gerald. "Germany's Intelligence Failure." Washington Post, 19 Oct. 2001, A29. []

"Plotting for the strikes against the World Trade Center and the Pentagon was initially centered in Germany. Three of the four killer aircraft pilots -- including the apparent ringleader Mohamed Atta -- lived for as long as nine years in the port city of Hamburg, where they studied at technical colleges and constituted an al Qaeda 'sleeper' cell. During their long stay, none of them was spotted by German intelligence."


Livingston, Robert W. [LTCOL/USMC]. "Marine Corps Intelligence Activity: Excellence in Expeditionary Intelligence." American Intelligence Journal 17, no. 1/2 (1996): 29-33.

The author details "the organizational structure, product line and support provided" by the Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA).


Livingstone, Neil C.

1. The Cult of Counterterrorism: The Weird World of Spooks, Counterterrorists and the Not Quite Professionals. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989.

Surveillant 1.1: "An insider's account of the people and organizations that attempt to defend and take action against terrorism."

2. And Terrell E. Arnold, eds. Beyond the Iran-Contra Crisis: The Shape of U.S. Anti-Terrorism Policy in the Post-Reagan Era. Lexington, MA: Heath, 1988.

3. And Terrell E. Arnold, eds. Fighting Back: Winning the War Against Terrorism. Lexington, MA: Heath, 1986.


Livingstone, Neil C., and David Halevy. Inside the PLO: Covert Units, Secret Funds, and the War Against Israel and the United States. New York: Morrow, 1990.

Livingstone, Neil C., and David Halevy. "Miracle in the Desert: The CIA's Role in the Rescue of the Black Jews of Ethiopia." Intelligencer 20, no 2 (Fall-Winter 2013): 33-42.

A nicely told story (no sources) of a covert humanitarian operation in March 1985, conducted as a favor to Israel (plus the exfiltration of four Mossad personnel a week later).

[CA/Africa/Gen; Israel/OtherOps/Moses]

Lloyd, John. "The Logic of Vladimir Putin." New York Times Magazine, 19 Mar. 2000. []

"It is now a conventional trope that Vladimir Putin is a mystery. But why he was promoted to a position where he now stands poised to win the presidency of Russia in next Sunday's elections is not a mystery. He is very good, and particularly so in the areas where a modern politician must be. He is a consummate public performer. From its dark bowels the K.G.B. has produced a star, one who speaks of his former institution with proud dignity."


Lloyd, Mark. The Art of Military Deception. London: Leo Cooper, 1997.


Lloyd, Mark. The Guinness Book of Espionage. New York: Da Capo Press, 1994.

Proceedings 121.1 (Jan. 1995), says that this book is a "collection of spy-related information" which "will appeal to a wide audience of espionage fans." For Surveillant 4.1, "this is not a book to trust," but it "does have a splendid assortment of historical photographs and drawings." Kruh, Cryptologia 20.1, finds that this book "provides an enormous amount of information in a relatively small volume." It contains "fascinating details on a wide variety of intelligence subjects."


Lloyd, Richard. Beyond the CIA: The Frank Terpil Story. New York: Seaver, 1983.

Wilcox: "Account of renegade CIA agent who turned on the agency and on his country."


Lloyd Owen, David [Maj.-Gen.] Providence Their Guide: The Long Range Desert Group, 1940-1945. Rev. ed. Barnsley, UK: Leo Cooper, 2000. Long Range Desert Group, 1940-1945: Providence Their Guide. Barnsley, UK: Pen and Sword, 2001.

From advertisement for 2001 edition: The LRDG "became one of the greatest legends of the North African Campaign in World War II. This classic insider's account has been updated and supplemented with rare photographs from the LRDG collection in the Imperial War Museum." According to Kelly, I&NS 16.1, this account by the unit's fourth and last commanding officer was first published in 1980 and takes the story of the LRDG through its disbanding in June 1945. Because of the absence of references to Ultra, the reviewer suggests that this work be read along with John Gordon, The Other Desert War (1987).


The Local (Berlin). "Intelligence Agency to Probe Own Nazi Past." 14 Jul. 2010. []

According to the daily Berliner Zeitung, Germany's domestic intelligence agency, the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV), "will appoint an independent scholar to lead a research project to determine what role and how much influence former Nazis had on West German intelligence."


Locher, James R., III.

1. "Intelligence Support to Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict." American Intelligence Journal 11, no. 1 (Autumn 1989-1990): 13-17.

2. "Interview: James R. Locher, III, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict." Special Warfare 6 (May 1993): 33-35. [Gibish]

3. "Congress to the Rescue: Statutory Creation of USSOCOM." Air Commando Journal 1, no. 3 (Spring 2012): 33-39. []

The author was a professional staff member on the Senate Armed Services Committee from 1978 to 1989. He writes that Congress enacted the transformational Goldwater-Nichols Defense Reorganization Act "over bitter objections" from DoD, but its passage cleared the way for the Cohen-Nunn Amendment and the creation of USSOCOM.


Lock, Owen A. "Chiefs of the GRU -- 1918-1947." In In the Name of Intelligence: Essays in Honor of Walter Pforzheimer, eds. Hayden B. Peake and Samuel Halpern, 353-378. Washington, DC: NIBC Press, 1994.

The author usefully includes a discussion of the sources used in putting together his discussion, which is "intended to document, supplement, and extend the useful but undocumented list of GRU chiefs found in Rocca and Dziak's excellent Bibliography on Soviet Intelligence and Security Services."


Lockhart, John B. "Sir William Wiseman, Bart -- Agent of Influence." RUSI Journal 134 (Summer 1989): 63-67.

Sir William Wiseman was the head of British intelligence in Washington in World War I.

[WWI/UK/Wiseman; WWI/U.S.]

Lockhart, Robert Bruce, and Lockhart, Robin Bruce.

Lockman, J.N. Meinertzhagen's Diary Ruse: False Entries on T.E. Lawrence. Grand Rapids, MI: Cornerstone, 1995.

Sheffy, I&NS 17.1/fn. 22, calls this "[a] most critical, yet rather controversial, review" of Meinertzhagen's diaries.


Lockwood, Jonathan S. "Sources of Error in Indications and Warning." Defense Intelligence Journal 3, no. 1 (Spring 1994): 75-88.

The author covers such matters as: the enemy (deception; "the one over which we have the least control"); the analyst ("the frailties, flaws and foibles of human cognition.... 'mirror-imaging'... 'conventional wisdom'... Occam's Razor"); the policymaker ("intelligence analyst must convince the wielder of power"); and the system ("bureaucratic inertia").


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