A - G


Lewes, John. Jock Lewes Co-Founder of the SAS. Barnsley, UK: Leo Cooper, 2000.

Foot, I&NS 16.1, notes that the author of this work is the subject's nephew. Jock Lewes teamed up with David Stirling to pioneer "a form of skilled warfare that has since become much more widely known."


Lewin, Ronald. The American Magic: Codes, Ciphers and the Defeat of Japan. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1982. The Other Ultra. London: Hutchinson, 1982. New York: Penguin, 1983. [pb]

Pforzheimer says that Lewin's is an "historically accurate and well-written account from the pre-war breaking of the Japanese diplomatic (Purple) cipher..., through the breaking of the Japanese military and naval ciphers... This volume is highly important in the literature of cryptology in World War II." Sexton sees the book as a "balanced synthesis of the impact of analysis of Japanese military communications on U.S. strategy and operations in the Pacific."


Lewin, Ronald. "A Signals Intelligence War." Journal of Contemporary History 16 (Jul. 1981): 501-512. Also, in The Second World War: Essays in Military and Political History, ed. Walter Laqueur, 184-194. Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE, 1982.

Sexton sees this as an "insightful article in which the author endeavors to assess the impact of ULTRA."


Lewin, Ronald. ULTRA Goes to War: The First Account of World War II's Greatest Secret Based on Official Documents. London: Hutchinson, 1978. New York: McGraw Hill, 1978. New York: Pocket Books, 1980. [pb] New York: Penguin, 2001. [pb]

Peake, AIJ 5.1/90, calls ULTRA Goes to War "a good relatively short overview of how ULTRA was used in the European theater." According to Pforzheimer, "Lewin has had access to a considerable quantity of ... Ultra messages as well as to many Allied users as sources for his book. He makes a major contribution to World War II historiography in his study of the impact of the Ultra material on the major battles and campaigns of the war in the West."

Constantinides notes that the scope of the book "is largely British, and the areas are Europe, Africa, the Mediterranean, and the Atlantic Ocean." Worthy as it is of praise, this book is not perfect. Lewin's "version of the cryptanalytical breakthrough against Enigma, good as it is, has technical errors and cannot be regarded as definitive.... To say that the Purple machine was directly derived from the Enigma is not accurate."


Lewis, Aidan. "Judge Issues Warrants for CIA Operatives." Associated Press, 23 Dec. 2005. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

An Italian Prosecutor said on 23 December 2005 that European arrest warrants have been issued "for 22 purported CIA operatives in connection with the alleged kidnapping" of Abu Omar in Milan in 2003. Italy previously issued internal arrest warrants for the 22. "Prosecutors have identified one of the suspects as Robert Seldon Lady, a former CIA station chief in Milan who has since returned to the United States."

[CIA/00s/05/Gen; OtherCountries/Italy/PostCW]

Lewis, Anthony Marc. "Re-examining Our Perceptions on Vietnam." Studies in Intelligence 17, no. 4 (Winter 1973): 1-62.

The author looks at "the finished intelligence concerning two periods of the Vietnam story -- 1954-1956 and 1961-1963 -- for presumptive evidence of analysts' attention or inattention to [the] intercultural and psychological dimension of the data involved."


Lewis, Bernard. The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror. New York: Random House, 2003.

Singer, Parameters 34.2 (Summer 2004), notes that while this "book breaks little new ground in either analysis or research, it does provide an easy-to-read general introduction to Lewis’s line of argument." The author's thesis "describes Islam as a doctrine that rejects modernity, in lieu of a more sacred past, and is thus placed in a continual clash with the Judeo-Christian West.... The book has serious flaws, though.... In making a fairly monolithic analysis of Islam, Lewis's one-size-fits-all approach risks misdiagnosis and clearly misses the wide diversity and great debates within the Islamic world.... [T]he book [also] suffers from the fatal flaw of much in the field, spending all of its energy in analyzing the problems, but offering little in the way of solutions."


Lewis, Bex. "'Careless Talk Costs Lives': The Government's Information Security Campaign on the Home Front." Everyone's War 15 (Spring-Summer 2007): 44-49.


Lewis, Christopher J. "Sustaining the Marine Corps Intelligence Force." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 126, no. 6 (Jun. 1995): 67-68.

Operation Desert Storm exposed the "neglected condition" of the Marine Corps' intelligence capabilities. The DoD Inspector General "documented the lack of an institutional Marine Corps commitment to tactical intelligence." The author identifies the "most important problem" as the situation where "senior positions in Marine Corps intelligence have too frequently been staffed with officers having no experience in the intelligence field.... [T]his happens because there is no professional MOS for [Marine Corps] intelligence officers at the rank of colonel.... The IG also pointed out that ... 'no intelligence officer has ever achieved general rank.'... Unless ... implementation [of the Marine Corps Intelligence Plan] results in a net gain in manning and a substantial increase in funding,... it will only be another in a long history of HQMC intelligence plans that failed to live up to expectations."


Lewis, David. Prisoners of Honor: The Dreyfus Affair. New York: Morrow, 1973.


Lewis, Donald. Sexpionage: The Exploitation of Sex by Soviet Intelligence. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1976.

Lewis, Flora. Red Pawn: The Story of Noel Field. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1965. The Man Who Disappeared: The Strange History of Noel Field. London: Arthur Barker, 1965.

Lewis, Frank W. "The Day of the Dodo." Cryptologia 14, no. 1 (Jan. 1990): 11-12.

Concerns arrest by Soviet Union of alleged U.S. spy "Donald F.," codenamed "Top Hat." See also: NSI Advisory, Editors, "Spy Arrested by Soviets Was Top U.S. Agent" 5, no. 7 (1990), 10; Michael Wines, "Cold-War Riddle: A Most Unusual Spy," New York Times, 23 Jan. 1990, A10; Lisa Beyer, "'Top Hat' Knocked Off: Moscow Discloses the Capture of a Master Spy," Time, 29 Jan. 1990, 54; and Elaine Shannon, "Death of the Perfect Spy." Time, 24 Jun. 2001.

Raymond L. Garthoff, "Polyakov's Run," Bulletin of Atomic Scientists 56, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 2000): 37-40 [http://www.bullatomsci.org], discusses the deception/disinformation aspects of the FBI-Army intelligence operation using Sgt. Joseph Cassidy, described in David Wise, Cassidy's Run (2000), in connection with a similar operation run through Soviet Col. Dmitri Polyakov (Top Hat/Bourbon).


Lewis, Frank W. Solving Cipher Problems: Cryptanalysis, Probabilities and Diagnostics. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1992.

Lewis, G.A., ed. Intercept Station "C" from Olongapo through the Evacuation of Corregidor, 1929-1942. Denver, CO: Naval Cryptologic Veterans Association, 1983.

This brings together personal recollections about U.S. naval Comint operations in the Philippines until Station "C" was closed down with the evacuation of Corregidor.


Lewis, Graydon A. "Setting the Record Straight on Midway." Cryptologia 22, no. 2 (Apr. 1998): 99-101.

Reprint of article in NCVA Cryptolog. The author tells of Forrest R. "Tex" Baird's efforts to convince participants at a May 1998 symposium in Pensacola, Florida, that the key to the U.S. victory at Midway was not recovered code books but human sweat and brain power.


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