Lep - Leq


LePage, Jean-Marc, and Elle Tenenbaum. "French and American Intelligence Relations During the First Indochina War, 1950-54." Studies in Intelligence 55, no. 3 (Sep. 2011): 19-27.

"[T]he relationship of French and US intelligence during the first Indochina war was anything but placid, but it could neither be characterized as perpetually antagonistic nor as consistently harmonious. They were often both at the same time, whether the subject was foreign intelligence collection or covert action."

[CIA/1950s/Gen; France/Postwar]

LePoer, Barbara Leitch, ed. "World War II" and "Pridi and the Civilian Regime, 1944-47." In Thailand: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1987. [http://countrystudies.us/thailand/21.htm and http://countrystudies.us/thailand/22.htm]


Leppard, David. "Terror Chief Tipped to Head MI6." Sunday Times (London), 21 Sep. 2008. [http://www.timesonline.co.uk]

According to senior Whitehall officials, "Charles Farr, a 49-year-old spymaster who has overhauled the Home Office's handling of the war on terror, is widely tipped" to become the chief of MI6 in July 2009, succeeding Sir John Scarlett. "Farr's main rival for the post is thought to be the deputy head of MI6, whose identity cannot be disclosed for security reasons."


Leppard, David, Chris Hastings, and Mark Franchetti.

1. "Agent X and the City Spy Ring." Times (London), 21 Feb. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

"[A] former high-ranking intelligence officer [Agent X] with 20 years' experience has revealed how Russian spies were planted in British financial institutions in London and abroad."

2. "MI6 Alarm as Another Renegade Spy Spills Secrets." Times (London), 21 Feb. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

Another MI6 agent "has disclosed sensitive secrets. The agent's revelations -- identifying spies and describing MI6 front companies and covert operations -- will further alarm the spymasters.... They are still reeling from the damage inflicted by David Shayler and Richard Tomlinson ... and the 'naming and shaming' of the MI6 chief in Prague." The disclosures come from "a former senior intelligence officer with more than 20 years' experience in British and European operations.... Last week he named Colonel Andrey Arsenyev as the Russian agent who set up Moscow's economic spying war on Britain. Arsenyev was based at the Russian embassy."

[Russia/90s/99; UK/PostCW/90s/99]

Leppard, David, Paul Nuki, and Gareth Walsh. "Ex-Scotland Yard Officer Exposed as KGB Spy." Sunday Times (London), 12 Sept. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

"John Symonds, who fled Britain in 1969 after being named as part of a ring of corrupt Metropolitan police officers, is the latest in a series of former British and American traitors to have been unearthed by the so-called Mitrokhin archive."


Leppard, David, Paul Nuki, and Gareth Walsh.

1. "MI6 Paid for Dirty Tricks, Says Burglar." Sunday Times (London), 8 Aug. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

"MI6 is facing embarrassment this weekend over claims" by Chris Clark, a former South African intelligence officer and professional burglar and telephone tapper, "that he was paid to carry out dirty tricks for the British government.... Clark ... has told The Sunday Times he took part in a series of illegal buggings and break-ins for MI6 and other security agencies."

2. "My 10-Year Campaign of Dirty Tricks for MI6." Sunday Times (London), 8 Aug. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

Provides additional details of the allegations by Chris Clark of "dirty tricks" by MI6 and others. This lengthy article includes a sidebar story, "Spying for Apartheid": "Chris Clark honed his skills as a professional burglar and phone-tapper in 'dirty tricks' campaigns against the African National Congress (ANC) and other opponents of apartheid in South Africa."


Leppard, David, Jon Ungoed-Thomas, Paul Nuki, Gareth Walsh, and Clive Freeman. "Briton's Treachery Exposed by Keeper of KGB's Secrets: Defector Smuggled Out Copies of the 'Crown Jewels' of Soviet Espionage." Sunday Times (London), 12 Sept. 1999. [http://www.the-times.co.uk]

Vasili Mitrokhin was head archivist of the KGB's First Chief Directorate until he retired in 1985. He regularly removed key files from storage, copied down their contents on pieces of paper, smuggled them past the security guards, took them to his home, and typed up verbatim transcripts of his handwritten notes.

In 1992, "he travelled to Latvia, taking thousands of pages of his documents with him. He walked into the American embassy in Riga and asked if he could defect.... Incredibly, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) officers at the embassy were not interested.... The documents he had were clearly not originals and could easily have been fakes....

"Undeterred, Mitrokhin went to the British embassy," where a Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) officer "spotted his potential. After a series of in-depth interviews and consultations with headquarters, Mitrokhin was formally accepted as an MI6 agent.... Within weeks of his defection, MI6 carried out a delicate operation to remove the files [hidden in Mitrokhin's house and garden].... The classified files went back to the 1930s....

"[S]enior intelligence officers say that the files have generated hundreds of new leads and could lead to a spate of new espionage prosecutions.... Some of Mitrokhin's information helped to convict Robert Lipka, a former clerk at the National Security Agency. He had spied for the Russians in the late 1960s but had evaded FBI surveillance until Mitrokhin came in. He is now serving an 18-year sentence.

"Another case that has been reopened is that of Felix Bloch, the highest-ranking State Department official ever investigated for espionage. He was fired in 1989 and stripped of his pension, but the FBI never had enough evidence to charge him."



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