Laz - Led


Lazar, Marc. "The Cold War Culture of the French and Italian Communist Parties." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 2 (Summer 2003): 213-224.

"[T]he Cold War had a considerable impact in France and Italy, being relayed domestically by two powerful communist parties and amplifying already-existing conflicts in each of these societies. In France, as in Italy, the confrontation was violent, and developed into a kind of 'war culture'.... It permitted polemical and political passions to be unleased against ... 'the enemy'.... Yet, despite its intensity and continual stoking, this confrontation was always mastered and controlled by communists and non-communists alike."

[CA/Eur/Culture; France/Postwar; GenPostwar/CW; OtherCountries/Italy]

Leadbetter, Wyland F., Jr. [Col.], and Stephen J. Bury [Cdr.]. "Prelude to Desert Storm: The Politicization of Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 6, no. 1 (Spring 1993): 43-54.

Didn't happen, folks. This is worth reading just for the authors' explanation of the events which fostered charges that "politicization" occurred in the CIA's reporting on the effects of economic sanctions against Iraq.

[CIA/90s; MI/Ops][c]

Leary, Thomas (Penn). "Cryptography in the 15th and 16th Century." Cryptologia 20, no. 3 (Jul. 1996): 223-242.

[Cryptography/Gen; Historical/PreWWI]

Leary, William M.

Leasor, James.

1. Green Beach. New York: Morrow, 1975. London: Heinemann, 1975.

Constantinides calls Green Beach "a journalist's account of the portion of the Dieppe raid in 1942 concerned with the attempt to dismantle a German radar station.... There are some good anecdotes, but ... there is no specific documentation and too much on personal and human-interest matters." The intelligence side (British and German) of this operation is not as well developed as it might have been.

2. The Unknown Warrior. London: Heinemann, 1980.Looe, UK: House of Stratus, 2008. [pb]

From publisher: This book is the story of one man's "amazing part in the deception plans to persuade the Germans that the invasion would happen near Calais and not in Normandy.... He volunteers for an unknown secret mission which sees him dropped in France, pursued by both the Resistance and the Germans, briefing first Rommel and then Hitler in a role that saved perhaps thousands of lives."


Leavitt, David. The Man Who Knew Too Much: Alan Turing and the Invention of the Computer. New York: Norton, 2006. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2006.

Kruh, Cryptologia 30.3 (Jul.-Sep. 2006), finds that the author "portrays Turing in all his humanity, his eccentricities, his brilliance, and his fatal candor while elegantly explaining his work and its implications." For Ferry, The Guardian, 29 Jul. 2006, the author presents Turing "as a lonely maverick, isolated by his fascination with machine intelligence and even more so by his homosexuality. For anyone daunted by Andrew Hodges's magisterial 1983 biography, on which he draws heavily, Leavitt provides a sympathetic novelist's take on a brilliant eccentric. But the supporting characters are curiously two-dimensional."


Leber, Annedore. Tr., Rosemary O'Neill. Conscience in Revolt: Sixty-Four Studies of Resistance in Germany, 1933-1945. London: Mitchell, 1957.


Lebow, Eileen F. A Grandstand Seat: The American Balloon Service in World War I. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1998.

From publisher: The "American Balloon Service worked in combat to help direct artillery fire more accurately and provide essential intelligence on enemy troop movements.... By the U.S. entry [in]to the war in 1917, the balloon service [had] evolved into an effective, disciplined fighting unit.... Reminiscences from balloon veterans form the basis of this book."

[Recon/Balloons; WWI/U.S.]

Lebow, Richard Ned. "Revisiting the Falklands Intelligence Failures." RUSI Journal 152, no. 4 (2007): 68-73.


Le Caron, Henri [pseud., Thomas Miller Beach]. Twenty-Five Years in the Secret Service: The Recollections of a Spy. London: Heinemann, 1892. 10th ed. London: EP Publishing, 1974.

Canadian Security Intelligence Service. "History" []: "Henri Le Caron, born Thomas Miller Beach, was a Civil War veteran recruited by the British in 1867 to spy on the Fenian movement in the United States. Le Caron was arguably one of the most successful covert agents to work for the Canadian government." See also, J.A. Cole, Prince of Spies: Henri Le Caron (London: Faber & Faber, 1984); and Peter Edwards, Delusion: The True Story of Victorian Superspy Henri Le Caron (Toronto: Key Porter, 2008).

[Canada/ToWWI; OtherCountries/Ireland/Historical; UK/Historical]

LeChene, Evelyn. Watch for Me by Moonlight: A British Agent with the French Resistance. London: Methuen, 1973. London: Corgi, 1974. [pb] Bath, UK: Chivers, 1986.

Lechuga, Carlos M., and Mirta Muniz. In the Eye of the Storm: Castro, Khrushchev, Kennedy, and Missile Crisis. Melbourne, Australia: Ocean Press, 1995.


Ledbetter, James. "Report? What Report?" Village Voice, 1 Apr. 1997, 32.

The author chides the New York Times for not reporting on a House intelligence committee report "rejecting key charges made by New Jersey Democrat Robert Torricelli about CIA links to political murders in Guatemala." Ledbetter says a query to Times Washington editor Andrew Rosenthal elicited the response, "This is the first I've heard of it.... I guess I just missed it."


Ledeen, Michael A. Perilous Statecraft: An Insider's Account of the Iran-Contra Affair. New York: Scribner's, 1988.

Butterfield, New York Times, 27 Nov. 1988, notes that the author, an NSC consultant who first met with Manucher Ghorbanifar, "says that in an effort to preserve the lives of the Iranians involved, he destroyed all his notes, and he rarely offers attribution for key passages. The result is an often self-serving account."

For Bensky, Los Angeles Times, 18 Dec. 1988, acceptance of Ledeen's "approach to Iran-Contra requires a leap into Ledeenland unjustified by either known facts or the opinions of most others. Those predisposed to inhabit that territory, composed of ideological rigidity, heroic self-aggrandizement and a good measure of fantasy, will find happy reading" in this book.


Ledeen, Michael A. The War against the Terror Masters. New York: St. Martins, 2002.

According to Van Tol, NWCR (Spring 2003), the author "presents a compelling picture of what the [terrorism] threat actually is, how it developed, and how the United States can and must defeat it. He avers that this war is ... is specifically about Islamic ... terrorism -- motivated and underwritten by militant Islamic fundamentalism and abetted by many regional regimes."


Ledeen, Michael, and William Lewis. Debacle: The American Failure in Iran. New York: Knopf, 1981.

Smith, FA (Summer 1981), notes that the authors charge President Carter and his Administration "with failures of perception, naïveté about the Ayatollah Khomeini, inconsistency and confusion. The authors seem to realize that it is not possible to say with certainty what policy would have averted the 'debacle,' but they do believe the Administration should have been more supportive of the Shah."


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