Lav - Lay


Laver, Ross, et al. "The Looking-Glass Trade." Maclean's, 24 Jul. 1989, 12-14.

Laville, Helen.

Laville, Sandra. "Man Held in Riddle of Missing Enigma." Telegraph (London), 18 Nov. 2000. []

Police said on 17 November 2000 that a man "was being held in custody" in connection with the theft of the German wartime Enigma cipher machine. The machine itself was recovered in October when it was mailed to Jeremy Paxman, the presenter of BBC2's Newsnight.


Law Enforcement Associates. The Science of Electronic Surveillance. Raleigh, NC: Search, 1983. [Petersen]


Law, Richard F. "Active Countermeasures to Neutralize the Espionage Threat." American Intelligence Journal 11, no. 2 (1990): 42-44.

Vice Commander of USAFOSI.


Lawler, Nancy Ellen. Soldiers, Airmen, Spies, and Whisperers: The Gold Coast in World War II. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2002.

From publisher: "The importance of the Gold Coast to the Allied war effort necessitated the creation of elaborate propaganda and espionage networks, the activities of which ranged from rumor-mongering to smuggling and sabotage. The London-based Special Operations Executive moved into West Africa, where it worked closely with de Gaulle's Free French Intelligence. Lawler presents a vivid account of SOE's major triumph--masterminding the migration of a substantial part of the Gyaman people from Vichy Côte d'Ivoire to the Gold Coast."


Lawless, Jill. "UK Spy Files Reveal Details of 1950s Guyana Coup." Associated Press, 25 Aug. 2011. []

"Secret documents declassified [on 25 August 2011] by Britain's MI5 security service reveal in dramatic and everyday detail how the U.K. under Prime Minister Winston Churchill overthrew the elected government of British Guiana -- now Guyana -- because he feared its left-wing leader and his American wife [Cheddi and Janet Jagan] were leading the British colony into the arms of the Soviet Union." In October 1953, Britain mounted "a military operation code-named Operation Windsor. Churchill dispatched a warship, HMS Superb, and brought hundreds of troops by air and sea to secure key sites."


Lawless, Jill. "WWII British Spies Frustrated by FBI." Associated Press, 4 Sep. 2007. []

Newly declassified files released on 4 September 2007 by the British National Archives "chart the rocky early years of the relationship" between the FBI and the British Security Service (MI5) "and show how cooperation improved over the course of the war."

[FBI/WWII; UK/WWII/Services/MI5]

Lawlor, Maryann. "Signal Intelligence System Uncovers Enemy Sites." Signal, Oct. 2002. []

The Prophet system, created and produced by Titan Systems Corporation, provides the U.S. Army the capability to locate the the electronic signature of hostile forces. The system "provides this capability not only from a fixed command post but also on the move. Mounted on a high mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle (HMMWV), the system allows troops in the field to intercept radio frequency signals, perform signal direction finding and develop actionable intelligence from the voice and communications data." The project is managed by the Army's Program Executive Office for Intelligence, Electronic Warfare and Sensors. See also, John McHale, "Army Unveils New SIGINT Electronics," Military & Aerospace Electronics, Jul. 2002, 1-3.


Lawlor, Maryann. "What Role Should Government Play in Business Intelligence?" Signal 54, no. 2 (Oct. 1999): 30.

"While foreign governments share information that their agencies have gathered with firms in their own nations, this is not the case in the United States. In today's global economy, some U.S. business leaders are beginning to question the wisdom of this policy."


Lawrence, Ken. "The Korean Spy Plane: Flight 007 Aptly Named." Covert Action Information Bulletin 20 (Winter 1984): 40-42.

This piece of non-research lacks any substantive basis for its near hysterical presentation.


Lawrence, R.E., and Harry W. Woo. "Infrared Imagery in Overhead Reconnaissance." Studies in Intelligence 11, no. 3 (Summer 1967): 17-40. [Richelson, Wizards (2002)]


Lawrence, T.E.

See Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart, T.E. Lawrence: In Arabia and After (London Jonathan Cape, 1934).

1. Seven Pillars of Wisdom. London: Jonathan Cape, 1935. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1935.

2. Ed., Malcolm Brown. Secret Dispatches from Arabia: And Other Writings by T.E. Lawreance. London: Golden Cockerel Press, 1939. [Reprint] London: Bellew, 1991.

Lawson, Don. The French Resistance: The True Story of the Underground War Against the Nazis. New York: Wanderer, 1984.

Available at In his "Foreword," the author says that during World War II, he "served in England and France with the Counterintelligence Branch of the United States Ninth Air Force headquarters," where he worked with the French Resistance.


Lawson, Don. The Secret World War II. New York: Watts, 1978. "Discusses World War II espionage activities including intelligence personnel, codes and ciphers, and propaganda."


Lawson, John Cuthbert. Tales of Aegean Intrigue. New York: Dutton, 1921.

Lawson, John L. "The 'Remarkable Mystery' of James Rivington, 'Spy.'" Journalism Quarterly 35, no. 3 (Summer 1958): 317.


Lawther, Rebecca. Behind Enemy Lines. Barnsley, UK: Pen & Sword, 2010.

From publisher: "From its formation in 1940 and throughout the rest of the Second World War, SOE worked alongside other secret forces who were involved in raids such as the first Commando raids at Lofoten, and the raid on the Channel Islands."


Laxalt, Robert. A Private War: An American Code Officer in the Belgian Congo. Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 1998.

Kruh, Cryptologia 24.1, says that this "lively memoir" recalls the author's service "in a remote outpost where a secret war was being fought for control" of the Congo's uranium mine and its ore. This "is a compelling account of one of the war's least-known but important theaters -- the disease-ridden jungles of Equatorial Adrica."


Layton, Edwin T. [RADM/USN (Ret.)], with Roger Pineau [CAPT/USNR (Ret.)] and John Costello. "And I Was There": Pearl Harbor & Midway -- Breaking the Secrets. New York: Morrow, 1985.

Beesly, I&NS 1.3, calls this "a most convincing explanation of why US intelligence failed to prevent Pearl Harbor." It is simultaneously "as entralling as a first-rate thriller" and "a serious, well-documented history." For Kruh, Cryptologia 30.4 (Oct. 2006), "this is the best World War II naval history" he has ever read. Sexton notes that Layton blames "the failure to properly interpret MAGIC before Pearl Harbor and the near misinterpretation of Sigint prior to Midway" on Washington decision-making and Navy Department bureaucrats.

To Miller, IJI&C 1.2, And I Was There is a "notable contribution to the literature on Pearl Harbor." Layton was a "thoughtful, honorable, and honest man. His unique vantage point makes this book authoritative." The book provides an "extremely interesting history of the development, organization, and successes of radio intelligence (sigint), including cryptanalysis, between the two World Wars and until the end of the second one."

[WWII/PearlHarbor & FEPac/Midway]

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