Lao - Laq


Lapham, Robert, and Bernard Norling. Lapham's Raiders: Guerrillas in the Philippines, 1942-1945. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1996.

Clark comment: Although this work is presented in the (Lapham) first person, Norling is the real author, working from Lapham's personal recollections and other interview and documentary sources. After slipping away from Bataan before its fall to the Japanese, Lapham put together the Luzon Guerrilla Armed Forces (LGAF), the third largest guerrilla group on Luzon. The LGAF served both as an intelligence-collection and fighting force.


Lapin, Lee. The Whole Spy Catalog. San Mateo, CA: Intelligence Incorporated, 1994.

Surveillant 4.1: "An 'encyclopedia' in the style of the 'The Whole Earth Catalog' series, describing products, services, databases, suppliers and periodicals on intelligence-related topics.... Surprisingly comprehensive and full of odd facts worth knowing about."


Laqueur, Walter A. "The Future of Intelligence." Society 35, no. 2 (Jan.-Feb. 1998): 301-311.


Laqueur, Walter A. The New Terrorism: Fanaticism and the Arms of Mass Destruction. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Chapman, IJI&C 14.1, is bothered that to Laqueur "there are no revolutionaries or revolutionary organizations, only terrorists." In addition, the reviewer believes that "skim[ming] lightly over the years 1950-1980 ... is a serious error." However, reviewer and author agree that the threat from terrorists with weapons of mass destruction is significantly less than is often portrayed.


Laqueur, Walter. No End to War: Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century. New York: Continuum, 2003.

Bergen, Washington Post, 20 Aug. 2003, finds that the author provides "a comprehensive and learned account of what terrorism in the 21st century is likely to look like." The work "raises a number of vital, serious points that can be all too easily drowned out by the alarmist pitch of today's political debates over terrorism's causes and remedies." Laqueur "is not as sanguine as some observers about the eventual withering of political Islam."

For Singer, Parameters 34.2 (Summer 2004), this is "an essential resource to understanding terrorism." Because of his research on the subject over decades, Laqueur is "able to make the historic connections and grounded analysis that others lack." The author is "to be commended for the extensive bibliography at the end, providing essentially the entire library of terrorist studies for analysts and researchers starting off in the field."


Laqueur, Walter A. "Postmodern Terrorism." Foreign Affairs 75, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 1996): 24-36.

"[T]oday society faces not one terrorism but many terrorisms.... Most international and domestic terrorism these days ... [is] ethnic-separatist in inspiration.... The trend now seems to be away from attacking specific targets like the other side's officials and toward more indiscriminate killing.... [T]errorism's prospects, often overrated by the media, the public, and some politicians, are improving as its destructive potential increases.... The possibilities for creating chaos are almost unlimited even now, and vulnerability will almost certainly increase.... [I]ntelligence services and policymakers must learn to discern the significant differences among terrorists' motivations, approaches, and aims."


Laqueur, Walter. "The Question of Judgment: Intelligence and Medicine." Journal of Contemporary History 18 (Oct. 1983): 533-548.

[Analysis/Critiques; GenPostwar/80s; GenPostwar/Medical]

Laqueur, Walter A. A World of Secrets: The Uses and Limits of Intelligence. New York: Basic Books, 1985. [pb] The Uses and Limits of Intelligence. With a new Introduction by the author. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1993. JK1525I6L37

According to Jervis, IJI&C 1.1, Laqueur is "primarily concerned with the quantity of American political intelligence and the influence of this analysis on foreign policy.... On many issues, [he] applies large doses of common sense and moderation to questions on which these qualities are all too often lacking." The "weaknesses" are that he tries to cover many topics but "does not go into detail on any of them.... [M]any of the prescriptions are trite.... [Laqueur] argues that intelligence generally has less political influence on policy than is commonly assumed."

Wark, I&NS 3.1, notes that "the central thrust of the work is prescriptive. It aims to tell the reader .. how to think about improvements in intelligence performance.... Laqueur stresses the fundamental importance of improving human skills as the key to intelligence success (or at least the minimization of intelligence failures)." When put alongside the evidence presented, Laqueur's "argument takes on a sometimes superficial and elusive quality."

For Stanley, MI 23.4, Laqueur supplies "a good review of intelligence support to decisionmakers" and of "intelligence success and failures from an academic and strategic intelligence perspective." Beyond that, however, there is "very little" here that offers insight for today's intelligence professionals. Lowenthal believes the work is "[e]specially useful for its discussion of the intellectual problems posed by intelligence analysis."


Laqueur, Walter A., and Richard Breitman. Breaking the Silence. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1986. Breaking the Silence: The German Who Exposed the Final Solution. Lebanon, NH: Brandeis University Press via University Press of New England, 1994. [pb]

This is the story of Eduard Schulte, an anti-Nazi German industrialist, who tried to alert the Allies to the existence of the German death camps.


Laqueur, Walter A., ed. The Terrorism Reader: A Historical Anthology. London: Wildwood House, 1979.


Laqueur, Walter A., and Yonah Alexander, eds. The Terrorism Reader: A Historical Anthology. Rev. ed. New York: New American Library, 1987.


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