Laf - Laj


LaFeber, Walter. America, Russia, and the Cold War, 1945-1971. New York: Wiley, 1967. 2d ed. New York: Wiley, 1972. America, Russia, and the Cold War, 1945-2002. 9th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002.


Laffin, John. Brassey's Book of Espionage. London: Brassey's, 1996.

To Chambers, there is "little to recommend in this book.... Laffin, a prolific writer on military history,... does not seem to have managed the transition from the structures of military operations to the more abstract and uncertain world of intelligence.... The book is largely dependent on secondary sources and the occasional confidential informant.... The style of writing is didactic and perhaps strident.... [And] Laffin's opinions about intelligence appear to have been formed in the 1970's and have not been altered or amended since then." Click for Chambers' full-length review.

Macartney, Intelligencer 9.2, is also unimpressed, noting that the book "will be of little interest to serious scholars." The author "doesn't know much about intelligence, and this volume was obviously dashed off quickly and contains numerous errors."


Laffin, John. Codes and Ciphers: Secret Writing Through the Ages. New York: Harper & Row, 1964. [Wilcox]


LaFraniere, Sharon. "Russia Says FBI Agent's Arrest Shouldn't Hurt Relations." Washington Post, 22 Feb. 2001, A6. []

On 21 February 2001, Boris Labusov, a spokesman for the Foreign Intelligence Service, "played down the arrest of Robert Philip Hanssen, saying espionage is a normal part of political life."


Lagemann, John K. "Wild Bill Donovan." Current History 52 (Apr. 1941): 23-25, 55-56. [Petersen]


Lagrone, James J. "The Hotel in Operations." Studies in Intelligence 9, no. 4 (Fall 1965): 43-56.

This article "describes the systems used by large hotels to check and control their guests and ... examines the staff positions from the viewpoint of the desirability of different employees as agents for operational tasks."


La Guardia, Anton. "MI6 Recruits Spies on Its Own Website." Electronic Telegraph, 13 Oct. 2005. []

On 12 October 2005, "MI6 took another step out of the shadows ... when it launched its official website": and


Lague, David. "Our Spies Will Soon Have to Emerge from the Shadows." Sydney Morning Herald, 16 Mar. 2000. []

The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade has coordinated the drafting of legislation that would make the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) "accountable to Parliament while maintaining sufficient secrecy to give it the freedom of action its managers desire.... Australia's spy service has traditionally operated within the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade without any legal basis for its existence."


Lahneman, William J. "Is a Revolution in Intelligence Affairs Occurring?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 1 (Spring 2007): 1-17.

The author believes it is possible to make "a plausible case that a revolution in Intelligence Affairs is occurring.... One thing appears clear: arguments that little or no intelligence reform is required appear to miss the mark."


Lahneman, William J. Keeping U.S. Intelligence Effective: The Need for a Revolution in Intelligence Affairs. Lanham, MD, Scarecrow Press. 2011.

For Lightfoot, AIJ 29.1 (2011), this is "an ambitious project.... Lahneman is careful to point out that his perspective of a need for RIA [Revolution in Intelligence Affairs] is a minority position, and that most scholars and practitioners favor an evolutionary approach." The book "is an easy read, something that is often a real challenge when debating policy. It also presents cogent and well-documented reasons for change, and acknowledges competing hypotheses."

Peake, Studies 56,1 (Mar. 2012), finds that the author "never makes clear why a revolution is needed." Nor does he draw a clear distinction between what has "already been accomplished or contemplated." Despite Lahneman's emphasis on revolution, he has actually "made the case for well thought-out, focused, evolutionary change rather than radical change." To Shelton, IJI&C 25.3 (Fall 2012), many of the author's "solutions are problematic." Nevertheless, he "recognizes that some changes are needed, especially with regard to obtaining and sharing 'trusted' information on transnational terror networks."


Lahneman, William J. "Knowledge-Sharing in the Intelligence Community after 9/11." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 17, no. 4 (Winter 2004-2005): 614-633.


Lahneman, William J. "The Need for a New Intelligence Paradigm." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23, no. 2 (Summer 2010): 201-225.

"The United States and other countries need to develop a new apparatus of government capable of integrating vast streams of information from a number of foreign and domestic sources if transnational threats are to be combated successfully."


Lahneman, William J. "Outsourcing the IC's Stovepipes?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 16, no. 4 (Winter 2003-2004): 573-593.

"[T]he vast majority of collection activities should be considered as potential outsourcing candidates.... [P]roduction and dissemination should not be outsourced.... Given the IC's stovepipes, and the general pessimism about the IC's ability to solve this problem internally, implementing large-scale outsourcing efforts now would be premature." However, some limited efforts might provide a useful experience.


Lahneman, William J., and Rubén Arcos, eds. The Art of Intelligence: Simulation, Exercises, and Games. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014.

According to Peake, Studies 59.1 (Mar. 2015), "the 15 chapters in The Art of Intelligence explain three types of simulations the authors have used to improve student analytic skills." However, the book "does not cite studies to support its argument that these types of simulations will produce better intelligence analysts. Nor does it discuss the other important courses of study -- languages, computers, international relations, etc. Still, it does document the sophisticated level of courses currently offered in European and American institutions."


Laipson, Ellen B. "Information-Sharing in Conflict Zones: Can the USG and the NGOs Do More?" Studies in Intelligence 49, no. 4 (2005): 55-64.

"Greater awareness of what NGOs have to offer and ways in which government could share data more effectively at relatively low cost (in terms of time and security risk) would be a modest, but valuable, contribution to post-conflict engagements."


Laird, Thomas. Into Tibet: The CIA's First Atomic Spy and His Secret Expedition to Lhasa. New York: Grove, 2002.

According to Rupert, Washington Post, 15 Sep. 2002, the author "tells a gripping tale" of Douglas MacKiernan's operation in Sinkiang and his death at the hands of Tibetan border guards. To Goodman, I&NS 18.4, Laird has reconstructed his story in a "comprehensive and illustrative manner." It is "a very good read." For Haas, AFIO WIN 6-03 (11 Feb. 2003), the author's long-term residence in Nepal provides "a significant qualification for his wide-ranging and startling look into the activities of the agent behind the unnamed First Star on the CIA's Wall of Honor." This "[p]rodigiously researched" work provides "a thoroughly fascinating and informative read."

Hayford, Library Journal, 15 May 2002, says that the author "presents his story as a spy novel, complete with reconstructed dialog, bureaucratic infighting, cinematic pacing, and crackling action. Much of the information is reconstructed from interviews and archival research and is hard to authenticate; still, the overall story of this incredible expedition and its political consequences rings true." However, West, IJI&C 16.4, finds that the author's "tenuous evidence" fails "to show that Mackiernan had anything to do with tracking the Soviet bomb." Laird also suggests, "without much evidence, that the CIA had deployed Mackiernan to sabotage the Soviet uranium mines."

[CA/Tibet; CIA/50s/Gen; CIA/Biogs]

La Joie, Roland [MGEN/USA (Ret.)] "The Last Casualty of the Cold War: Lt. Col. Arthur D. Nicholson and the U.S. Military Liaison Mission." Intelligencer 13, no. 1 (Spring-Summer 2002): 60-65.

Thr former commander of the USMLM and Associate Deputy Director for Operations/Military Affairs, CIA, uses Nicholson's death in 1985 while performing his duties with the USMLM to highlight the function of the Mission from 1947 until the Berlin Wall came down.


Return to L Table of Contents

Return to Alphabetical Table of Contents