Wolfgang Krieger


Krieger, Wolfgang. "The British-American Intelligence Alliance: Very Special Indeed!" In From Enmity to Friendship: Anglo-American Relations in the 19th and 20th Century, eds. Ursula Lehmkuhl and Gustav Schmidt, 153-175. Augsburg: Wissner, 2005.


Krieger, Wolfgang. "German Intelligence History: A Field in Search of Scholars." Intelligence and National Security 19, no. 2 (Summer 2004): 185-198.

"While Anglo-Saxon scholars are producing books on intelligence history at an ever-increasing rate, the interest in this particular branch of historical studies has been scant in Germany.... [T]here are ... small circles of German intelligence historians.... But the overall picture is undoubtedly one of neglect.... Arguably there are three factors at work: The first is access to sources, the second has to do with the peculiarities of post-1945 intellectual life in Germany, and the third concerns German bureaucratic culture."


Krieger, Wolfgang. Geschichte der Geheimdienste. Von den Pharaonen bis zur CIA. Munich: Beck, 2009.

Müller-Enbergs, JIH 9, no. 1/2 (Summer 2010), notes that the author has "undertaken the sheer impossible task of writing a comprehensive" history of intelligence services." However, "[w]here indisputably accepted standard works are ignored and in their place marginal articles cited, astute minds become irritated." Despite "occasionally grave weaknesses ... Krieger has managed to produce the first history of intelligence in German" in decades. "This in itself is a courageous achievement.... But the learned reader will have his difficulties swallowing this mélange."


Krieger, Wolfgang, ed. Geheimdienste in der Weltgeschichte: Spionage und verdeckte Aktionen von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. [Secret Services in World History: Espionage and Hidden Action from Antiquity to the Present] Munich: C.H. Beck, 2003.

Kahn, I&NS 23.2 (Apr. 2008), says that the editor "has assembled 23 articles of the greatest variety," including contributions on Alexander the Great's secret service and on espionage in ancient China.


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