Ephraim Kahana


Kahana, Ephraim. "Analyzing Israel's Intelligence Failures." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18, no. 2 (Summer 2005): 262-279.

The author lists a substantial number of "failures," dividing them into strategic failures and covert action failures. He concludes that Israel's "leaders must find a balance between exaggerating threats to the country and accurately assessing opportunities for peace."


Kahana, Ephraim. Ashraf Marwan: Israel's Most Valuable Spy: How the Mossad Recruited Nasser's Own Son-in-Law. Lewiston, NY: Mellon Press, 2010.

For Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), "[t]he really important question of Marwan's true allegiance as an agent remains unanswered." This book "is a good case summary of what is already known, nothing more."

[Israel/YomKippur; OtherCountries/Egypt]

Kahana, Ephraim. "Early Warning versus Concept: The Case of the Yom Kippur War 1973." Intelligence and National Security 17, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 81-104.

"A close examination of the case of the Yom Kippur War reveals how difficult it is to abandon a firm concept, even though it is wrong. The result in this case was that the decision-makers were not provided with early warning in due time, despite an abundance of good and relevant information."


Kahana, Ephraim. Historical Dictionary of Israeli Intelligence. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2006.

Aftergood, Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 18 May 2006, notes that "[a]ll of the obvious topics are covered, from the capture of fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann to the Jonathan Pollard case, as are other relatively obscure subjects, such as the defense security organization Malmab, and its querulous director Yehiel Horev. The individual subject entries are mostly brief, and do not include sources or references. But the book includes a fine bibliography ... featuring hardcopy and online resources on Israeli intelligence."

For Peake, Studies 50.4 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), this work "has useful case summaries, but it is incomplete in surprising areas.... On the other hand, there is new information on some cases.... The introduction is a valuable summary of how Israeli intelligence operates, citing missions, failures, oversight, the importance of HUMINT, and a look to the future. Overall this is a valuable reference book."


Kahana, Ephraim. "Mossad-CIA Cooperation." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 3 (Fall 2001): 409-420.

As the author admits, there is little open-source information on his subject. Hence, the article is filled out with instances where there was a lack of "cooperation": such as, Israel's use of NUMEC to obtain enriched uranium, the attack on the Liberty, and the Pollard fiasco.


Kahana, Ephraim. "Reorganizing Israel's Intelligence Community." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15, no. 3 (Fall 2002): 415-428.

Israeli national intelligence estimates are prepared by Aman. However, "Aman is a military unit, and national intelligence estimates, which cover political and economic issues, should not be left to the military alone." Additionally, Aman does not have access to the intelligence estimates drawn up by other groups.


Kahana, Ephraim, and Muhammad Suwaed. Historical Dictionary of Middle Eastern Intelligence. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow, 2009.

Peake, Studies 53.4 (Dec. 2009) and Intelligencer 54.1 (Winter-Spring 2010), notes that the volume's introduction outlines "the use of intelligence from ancient times until the present.... A good index would have been helpful in locating the many players and organizations.... [N]o sources are cited in the entries, and errors have crept in.... There is an extensive bibliography that includes mostly English sources ... though some Israeli and Arabic citations are included. Overall this is a valuable contribution for those concerned with intelligence in the Middle Eastern countries."

[Israel/Ref; OtherCountries/Arab/Gen; RefMats/DictsHist]

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