Iq - Ise


Iraq Study Group. The Iraq Study Group Report: The Way Forward -- A New Approach. Washington, DC: 6 Dec. 2006. [Available for downloading at:]

Clark comment: There are times when I wonder why anyone -- and especially not intelligent, savvy individuals -- would even consider sitting on a panel such as this. It must be supremely embarrassing to be completely ignored. This 10-member bipartisan panel was headed by former GOP Secretary of State James Baker and former Democratic Congressman Lee Hamilton.


Irving, Clifford, and Herbert Burkholz. Spy: The Story of Modern Espionage. New York: Macmillan, 1969. [Chambers]


Irving, Clive, et al. Anatomy of a Scandal: A Study of the Profumo Affair. New York: Mill, 1963. [Wilcox]


Irving, David, ed. Breach of Security: The German Intelligence Files on Events Leading to the Second World War. London: William Kimber, 1968.

Irwin, Lew. "Filling Irregular Warfare's Interagency Gaps." Parameters 39, no. 3 (Autumn 2009). []

"The US government has consistently failed to apply the full weight of its instruments of power during irregular warfare conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq, largely due to an inability or unwillingness of various agencies to agree upon the ends, ways, and means needed to prosecute those wars. When coupled with organizational structures that make disjointed visions and efforts the norm rather than the exception, this strategic failing has had dire consequences for US national security, thwarting the 'whole-of-government' approach needed to overcome irregular warfare's complex challenges. Accordingly, most participants and observers agree that the American government has to reorganize its interagency process to succeed in these wars and future national security challenges."


Irwin, Richard G. KH601: “And Ye Shall Know the Truth and the Truth Shall Make You Free,” My Life in the Central Intelligence Agency. Herndon, VA: Fortis, 2010.

According to Peake, Studies 54.4 (Dec. 2010), and Intelligencer 18.2 (Winter-Spring 2011), this book tells the author's "story of life overseas, with adventures in Latin America, Europe, and at Headquarters, during which he visited 87 countries while raising a family. He covers his training, his duties on the DCI security staff, his realization that work as an analyst was not for him, and a special assignment in Africa to conduct a personal protection survey.... His final overseas tour was in Afghanistan, where he implemented security measures at various locations. Irwin's career was not without its bumps, which he describes with candor, but he ended as a senior manager."


Irwin, Will [LTCOL/USA (Ret.)]. Abundance of Valor: Resistance, Survival, and Liberation, 1944-45. New York: Presidio, 2010.

In this telling of the Operation Market Garden disaster the focus is on the three Jedburgh teams "dropped farthest behind enemy lines in support of the Allied operation. Of the nine men who made up those three teams, three were killed in action, three were wounded, and two were captured.... This is the true story of how these courageous men prepared for the mission, how they fought, how some of them died, and how two men survived different but equally harrowing ordeals to make their way back to friendly territory." (xviii) Peake, Studies 55.4 (Dec. 2011), finds Abundance of Valor to be a "well documented book."

[WWII/Eur/Res/Dutch & OSS/OtherOps]

Irwin, Will [LTCOL/USA (Ret.)]. The Jedburghs: The Secret History of the Allied Special Forces, France 1944. New York: Public Affairs, 2005.

Peake, Studies 50.3 (Sep. 2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), finds that the author "tells the story of six representative Jedburgh teams in considerable detail while mentioning others that interacted with them." His epilogue is "comprehensive, interesting and informative. It tells what happened to many of the Jeds.... He also includes key members of SOE and military participants who contributed to the success of the Jedburgh program." To this, Huck, Periscope (Summer 2006), adds that the author's account of the Jedburghs "provides the essentials, although not always as clearly as it might."

For Schwonek, Air & Space Power Journal 22.3 (Fall 2008), Irwin offers "a straightforward history of the Jedburgh teams from their founding, through recruitment and training, to their deployment in France, starting in June 1944.... In general, the book relates the story of the Jedburghs without reference to any of the major or minor controversies in the professional or scholarly fields." This is "a lively introduction to one the most important ventures of special forces" during World War II; however, for "deeper insights, historians and military professionals will have to look to the US Army's official history or collections of published documents."

[UK/WWII/Servs/SOE; WWII/OSS/France]

Irwin, William Henry, and Thomas M. Johnson. What You Should Know About Spies and Saboteurs. New York: Norton, 1943. [Wilcox]


Isaacson, Irving. Memoirs of an American Spy: The Story of the First OSS Spy in the Cold War with the Russians. Cushing, ME: Stones Point Press, 2001.

Berube, NIPQ 18.2/3, says that this is "a readable book, told in a simple, conversational narrative." It offers "a very personal, ground view of the latter days of WWII and the early Cold War." The author's "description of the early OSS iintelligence operations in Eastern Europe is of particular interest because it is lacking in more general books."


Isaacson, Walter. Kissinger: A Biography. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

[GenPostwar/70s/Gen; NSA/Overviews]

Isachenkov, Vladimir. "Retired Russian Colonel Convicted of Spying for US." Associated Press, 6 Jun. 2012. []

According to District Military Court spokeswoman Irina Zhirnova, the Moscow court on 6 June 2012 "convicted Valery Mikhailov," a retired Federal Security Service (FSB) colonel, of passing state secrets to the U.S. CIA. He was "sentenced to 18 years in prison."


Isachenkov, Vladimir. "Russia Honors Cold War Spies for Soviets." Associated Press, 12 Nov. 2007. []

On 12 November 2007, Russian intelligence honored George Blake, "one of Moscow's most important Soviet-era spies." Blake was praised by "the Foreign Intelligence Service, a KGB successor agency, in comments carried by Russian media, and by the service's spokesman." The accolades for Blake, and the award of Russia's highest medal to George Koval, "another prominent Soviet spy, came five months after Queen Elizabeth II honored Oleg Gordievsky, a high-level KGB man who defected to Britain in 1985." An interview with Blake on his 85th birthday was broadcast by "Russia Today, an English-language cable TV network," on 11 November 2007.

George Koval "was born to Jewish parents who [had] emigrated [to Iowa] from Czarist Russia. In the early 1930s, the family returned to the Soviet Union.... After he graduated from a Moscow university, Soviet intelligence sent him back to the U.S. in the 1940s. He was drafted and assigned to the Manhattan Project.... Other Soviet spies also got into the project, but Koval was 'the only Soviet agent who infiltrated secret U.S. nuclear facilities which produced plutonium, enriched uranium and polonium for building atomic weapons,' a statement from President Putin's office said."

[SpyCases/U.S./Bomb/Koval; UK/SpyCases/Blake]

Isby, David C. "Double Agent's D-Day Victory." World War II (Jun. 2004). []

"A double agent code-named 'Garbo' led Adolf Hitler to believe that the Normandy invasion was just a diversion."


Isenberg, David.

Isenberg, Sheila. Muriel's War: An American Heiress in the Nazi Resistance. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

From publisher: American heiress Muriel Gardiner's "adventurous life led her from Chicago's high society to a Viennese medical school, from Sigmund Freud's inner circle to the Austrian underground. Over the years, she saved countless Jews and anti-fascists, providing shelter and documents ensuring their escape. This remarkable woman's life as a legend of the Austrian Resistance was captured in the movie Julia with Vanessa Redgrave."

Blank, (undated), comments that Gardiner "may have been the woman, as Isenberg claims -- as had others before her, including writer Mary McCarthy -- who inspired the title character in the film 'Julia,' even though playwright Lillian Hellman denied it." Unfortunately, in this work, "Gardiner doesn't come to life as vividly as the many men the beautiful Gardiner had affairs with."

[Women/WWII/Other; WWII/Eur/Resistance/Other/Austria]

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