Int - Ip "The Changing Game of Cloak and Dagger: An Interview with James Woolsey." 29 May 1997. []

The interview covers such topics as: the San Jose Mercury-News crack cocaine story ("basically a lie"), the intelligence budget ("has been cut substantially"), accountability (there is "accountability in spades"), and the future of the CIA ("I hope that no one ... pulls off something as stupid as closing down the CIA").


Intelligence. "Great Britain: John McLeod Scarlett." 440 (17 May 2004): 8.

John McLeod Scarlett, chairman of the Joint Intelligence Committee, "has been appointed director general of Her Majesty's Secret Service, MI6. He will take up the post in July [2004], succeeding Sir Richard Dearlove, who becomes Master at Pembrook College."


Intelligence and Security Committee. Intelligence and Security Committee Annual Report.

"The Intelligence and Security Committee (ISC) reports annually to the Prime Minister on its work. These annual reports, after any redactions of sensitive material, are then laid before both Houses of Parliament, together with the government's response, and debated."

The annual reports are available at:


Intelligence and Security Committee. Intelligence and Security Committee Annual Report 2007-2008. London: Stationery Office, 5 Mar. 2009. Available at:

[UK/Overviews/00s & PostCW/00s/09]

Intelligence and Security Committee. Intelligence and Security Committee Annual Report 2012-2013. London: Stationery Office, 10 Jul. 2013. Available at:

[UK/Overviews/10s & PostCW/10s]

Intelligence Newsletter. Editors. "Covert Unit Alive and Kicking." 29 Jun. 1995, 4.

The U.S. military's "'black' special operations unit once known as the Intelligence Support Activity (ISA) is now operating across the world under a different name and could even see its budget and powers increase significantly as sharper emphasis is put on special operations and HUMINT in the post-Cold War period." The unit's "mission remains focused on counter-terrorism and ... it is becoming increasingly involved in counter-proliferation, economic espionage and information warfare.... ISA's successor is also likely to be asked to provide crucial intelligence if the Pentagon needs to back up its counter-proliferation strategy with interdiction and preemptive strikes. The unit is said to be already providing intelligence on black markets in nuclear and bio/chemical weapons by infiltrating agents into gangs dealing in such activity."


Intelligenceonline. "US Navy Bolsters Its Intelligence Footprint." 1 Sep. 2008. []

"Two new organizations have been formed with a mandate to inject fresh impetus into the US Navy's intelligence effort." The Secretary of the Navy Advisory Panel was created by the Navy Secretary last year "to mull a shake-up in intelligence and changes in the way the U.S. Navy buys its equipment." Also, the Navy has "announced the creation of an Irregular Warfare Office tasked with defining a doctrine and beefing up the service's capacity to wage asymmetric warfare and conduct intelligence and psychological operations."


Intelligence Oversight Board. Report on the Guatemala Review. 28 Jun. 1996.

From the "Introduction": "On March 30, 1995, the President directed the Intelligence Oversight Board (IOB) to conduct a government-wide review concerning allegations regarding the l990 death of US citizen Michael DeVine, the 1992 disappearance of Guatemalan guerrilla leader Efrain Bamaca Velasquez, and related matters."

From "Conclusions": "[1] Contrary to public allegations, CIA did not increase covert funding for Guatemala to compensate for the cut-off of military aid in 1990....

"[2] Credible allegations of serious human rights abuse were made against several then-active CIA assets....

"[3] CIA did not inform ambassadors and other policy-makers before late l994 of allegations of human rights abuse by Guatemalan assets as such claims came to light....

"[4] State Department should have sought authorization from intelligence agencies to include in its briefings to family members or surviving victims more information drawn from intelligence reports. NSA's inadequate responses to FOIA requests ... were the result of data searches that were overly narrow and the lack of a system that would allow NSA to provide more information without compromising its sources and methods....

"[5] The executive and legislative branches should hold accountable any officials known to have compromised or improperly handled classified information.....

"[6] [W]e uncovered no indication that US government officials were involved in or had prior knowledge of the death, torture, or disappearance of US or Guatemalan citizens....

"[7] We found no evidence that Guatemala station was a 'rogue' station operating independently of control by its headquarters....

"[8] Congress was not appropriately 'fully and currently' informed by the CIA, particularly concerning the death of Michael DeVine....

"[9] The performance of both CIA and DOJ was less thorough than was warranted with regard to the criminal referral of the allegation that Colonel Alpirez was present at DeVine's death....

"[10] US intelligence agencies should ensure ... that their [asset] validation systems consider not only counterintelligence and productivity issues, but also derogatory information on assets (including allegations of human rights abuse)....

"[11] The widely publicized allegation that Guatemalan Colonel Alpirez directed or was present at the murder of US citizen Michael DeVine appears to have been based upon information that was unreliable and was contradicted by other evidence.... Numerous other reports also contradict the subsequent allegation that Colonel Alpirez killed guerrilla leader Efrain Bamaca Velasquez or was present at his death....

"[12] The allegation that NSA and Army officials destroyed records related to the activity of US intelligence agencies in Guatemala (which was communicated to a member of Congress purportedly on NSA letterhead) appears to have been fabricated."


International Conference on the History of the European Resistance Movements.

1. European Resistance Movements, 1939-45. London: Pergamon, 1960.

According to an anonymous reviewer (probably Walter Pforzheimer) in Studies 5.4 (Fall 1961), this work constitutes the record of the First International Conference on the History of the Resistance Movements, held in Belgium (Liege and Brussels) in September 1958.

2. European Resistance Movements, 1939-45: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on the History of the Resistance Movements Held at Milan 26-29 March 1961. London: Pergamon, 1964.

According to Pforzheimer, this book contains "the formal papers presented at the Conference by historians of and participants in the various WWII Resistance movements." Because of the heavy propagandistic slant of the Soviet and Bloc papers, the floor debates were acrimonious and have not been included.


International Law Update. "U.S. Supreme Court Holds that Former Spies Cannot Use U.S. Courts to Enforce Compensation Agreements for Espionage Services." 11 (Mar. 2005): 37-38.

Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist for the unanimous U.S. Supreme Court: "We adhere to Totten. The state secrets privilege and the more frequent use of in camera judicial proceedings simply cannot provide the absolute protection we found necessary in enunciating the Totten rule. The possibility that a suit may proceed and an espionage relationship may be revealed, if the state secrets privilege is found not to apply, is unacceptable."

[CIA/00s/05/Gen; Overviews/Legal]

International Studies Newsletter. Editors. "ISA Members Express Concern Over Impending Cuts to FBIS." 24, no. 1 (Feb. 1997): 1, 7.

"Concern is escalating among ISA [International Studies Association] members, and academia as a whole, over an anticipated end to the translations now provided by the CIA-run Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS)." The article quotes ISA President Davis Bobrow as stating: "FBIS has long been a major resource for understanding international developments. At a time when such understanding is of mounting importance, it is penny-wise and pound-foolish to cut back the absolutely and relatively modest current level of support for FBIS, or to entrust it to a more privatized management."


Ippolito, Dennis S. Blunting the Sword: Budget Policy and the Future of Defense. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press, 1994.


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