Hul - Hum


Hull, Mark M.

1. "The Irish Interlude: German Intelligence in Ireland, 1939-1943." Journal of Military History 66, no. 3 (Jul. 2002): 695-718.

From abstract: This article focuses on Abwehr and the SD efforts "to use neutral Ireland as a base for wartime espionage directed against Great Britain. Though eleven agents were dispatched during a four-year period, a host of ... problems in the German system all but insured failure, and a brilliantly effective Irish army counterintelligence system ... eliminated any chance of German success. Because of the intelligence debacle in Ireland, German operations directed against England--including Operation Sea Lion--were hopelessly compromised."

2. Irish Secrets: German Espionage in Wartime Ireland, 1939-1945. Dublin/Portland, OR: Irish Academic Press, 2003.

According to Kruh, Cryptologia 27.4, the author "graphically tells the little-known history of German military espionage activity in Ireland ... before and during" World War II. This is "a gripping account of the intelligence war and highlights the brilliant, creative success of Irish Military Intelligence in waging a counter-espionage campaign that effectively neutralized the German threat."

Erskine, I&NS 19.4 (Winter 2004), finds that the author "does not seem to be wholly comfortable with some of the fine detail of intelligence." Nevertheless, Hull "has researched his central subject painstakingly," and his work "will undoubtedly become the standard work on German intelligence in the Republic of Ireland."

3. "A Tale of German Espionage in Wartime Ireland." In Ireland in World War II: Diplomacy and Survival, eds. Dermot Keogh and Mervyn O'Driscoll, 81-92. Cork: Mercier Press, 2004.

4. "Werner Unland: The Abwehr's Man in Dublin." Irish Sword 21 (1999): 336-344.

[OtherCountries/Ireland/WWII; WWII/Eur/Ger]

Hulnick, Arthur S. - A - I

Hulnick, Arthur S. - J - Z

Hulse, Carl. "House Democrats Planning New Intelligence Oversight." New York Times, 15 Dec. 2006. []

Incoming House speaker Nancy Pelosi said on 14 December 2006 that "House Democrats would create a new ... select committee, which would include the lawmakers who set intelligence policy as well as those who oversee the intelligence budget.... The committee will review intelligence spending requests, conduct hearings, make financing recommendations and assess how the money is spent."


Hulse, Carl. "Shuffling at the Top Is Set for Intelligence Committees." New York Times, 2 Dec. 2002. []

Senator Pat Roberts (R-KS), "who has been highly critical of the Congressional inquiry into the Sept. 11 attacks[,] is in line to lead the Senate Intelligence Committee.... Senator John D. Rockefeller IV [D-WV] ... will take the place of Senator Bob Graham [D-FL] ... as the senior Democrat on the panel.... In the House, Representative Porter J. Goss [R-FL] ... is expected to continue as chairman, but Representative Nancy Pelosi [D-CA] ... will step aside to be succeeded by Representative Jane Harman [D-CA] ... or Representative Sanford D. Bishop Jr. [D-GA]."

Roberts is "considered a strong intelligence agency ally," who "has described the joint inquiry as a game of 'gotcha' and a 'runaway train' that has demoralized intelligence workers." He has also said that "the inquiry was ... too driven by the special staff hired for the inquiry.... Lawmakers, staff members and outside experts who follow intelligence matters predicted that Mr. Roberts would be unlikely to engage in public confrontation with the intelligence agencies. They said his view of intelligence operations grew from his belief that the workers are devoted risk-takers who are not fully appreciated."


Humez, Jean M. Harriet Tubman: The Life and the Life Stories. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003.

Although Tubman is best known for her work with the Underground Railroad prior to the Civil War, Peake, Studies 49.1 (2005), notes that she "also served as a Union scout or spy in South Carolina through most of the war.... It is not clear just how she came to serve the Union Army in the Sea Islands off South Carolina and Georgia, but records show that she was working out of Beaufort, South Carolina, in May 1862. Union troops mounted expeditions from the Islands and Tubman did the preliminary scouting. Her most famous operation was the Combahee River Raid in which she commanded a group of scouts with results that led to the capture of 800 slaves from their southern owners."


Huminik, John. Double Agent. New York: New American Library, 1967. London: Hale, 1968.

Constantinides: The author worked as an FBI double agent against the Soviets. The story includes "much on Soviet techniques for developing a prospective agent in the private sector and the inducements offered."


Hummel, William C., and Keith Huntress. The Analysis of Propaganda. New York: Dryden, 1956.

Wilcox: "Good account of theory & practice of propaganda analysis."


Humphrey, Peter. "MASINT Frontiers." American Intelligence Journal 25, no. 1 (Summer 2007): 21-28.

The author offers a "tour de horizon" of the MASINT discipline, arguing that it is necessary to recognize and understand its potential to contribute to American national security. He suggests that the discipline might be "better defined as 'forensic espionage.'"


Humphreys, David. Heroes and Spies of the Civil War. New York: Neale, 1903. []




Huntington, Samuel P. Modern Guerrilla Warfare: Fighting Communist Guerrilla Movements, 1941-1961. New York: Glencoe, 1962.


Huntington, Thomas. "The Berlin Spy Tunnel Affair." Invention & Technology Magazine 10, no. 4 (Spring 1995). []

This is a reasonably accurate summary of the building and operation of the Berlin Tunnel. It draws on the CIA history of the operation as well as secondary accounts. There are, however, minor (but jarring) errors, among them: "Richard Bissell, who would later replace Dulles as CIA director,..."


Huot, Louis. Guns for Tito. New York: Fischer, 1945. "Story of Allied efforts to establish Josef Tito as leader of Yugoslavia. This work is considered an early postwar chronicle on OSS efforts" in the Balkans.


Hurley, John A. "A Technique for Coastal Infiltration." Studies in Intelligence 6, no. 3 (Summer 1962): 25-28.

The article describes a "submarine escape procedure applied to clandestine penetration." The method is "buoyant ascent from a submerged submarine." (italics in original) Paul X. Kelley, "Coastal Infiltration and Withdrawal," Studies in Intelligence 7, no.2 (Spring 1963): A13-A17, discusses some of the complications involved in using the buoyant ascent technique for debarking agent personnel from a submerged submarine.


Hurt, Henry. "CIA in Crisis: The Kampiles Case." Reader's Digest, Jun. 1979, 65-72.


Hurt, Henry. Shadrin: The Spy Who Never Came Back. New York: Reader's Digest Press/McGraw Hill, 1981.

Rocca and Dziak call this a "sympathetic ... account of the disappearance ... of a US citizen and former Soviet Naval officer ... in Vienna in 1975. The author notes that Shadrin, a US government employee, had been serving as double-agent against the KGB." Cram adds that Shadrin "assisted Epstein on the research for Legend." His real name was Nikolai Fedorovich Artamonov. The book is an attempt "to generate maximum publicity for Ewe Shadrin to improve her leverage with officaldom.... Hurt's ... outrage is both naive and absurd." The book "reflects the influence of Angleton but accords him a secondary role."

Hurwitz, Martin. "Perspectives for the 1990s." American Intelligence Journal 11, no. 3 (1990): 5-8.

The author was Director of the General Defense Intelligence Programs Staff.

[CIA/Requirements; MI]

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