Hughes, Brent. "Yankee Spies and Rebel Pursuers in 'the Great Locomotive Chase.'" Washington Times National Weekly Edition, 28 Sep.-4 Oct. 1998, 28.

This is a brief factual recitation.


Hughes, Geraint. "'Giving the Russians a Bloody Nose': Operation Foot and Soviet Espionage in the United Kingdom, 1964-71." Cold War History 6, no. 2 (May 2006): 229-249.

From abstract: "This article examines the impact of the espionage problem on Anglo-Soviet relations during this period, and analyzes the reasons behind the [1971] expulsions (known as Operation Foot). Foot was implemented not only for reasons of national security, but also because of British resentment at the USSR's frequent abuses of diplomatic privileges."


Hughes, Gwilym, and Michael Herman. "Special Issue on Intelligence in the Cold War: What Difference Did It Make?" Intelligence and National Security 26, no. 6 (Dec. 2011): Entire issue.

Click for Table of Contents.


Hughes, John. The End of Sukarno. London: Angus and Robertson, 1978.


Hughes, John T., with A. Denis Clift. "The San Cristobal Trapezoid." Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1992: 41-56. Studies in Intelligence: 45th Anniversary Special Edition, Fall 2000, 149-165.

Hughes was Special Assistant to DIA Director Lt. Gen. Joseph F. Carroll during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Here, he gives his version of the events of that period.


Hughes, Mike. Spies at Work: The Rise and Fall of the Economic League. 2d ed. London: 1 in 12 Publications, 1995. [pb]

Thurlow, I&NS 12.4, comments that much of this book "can be dismissed as conspiracy theory." Nevertheless, there is still "some interesting material on the origins and development of political surveillance" in 20th century Britain.


Hughes, Quenby Olmsted. "In the Interest of Democracy": The Rise and Fall of the Early Cold War Alliance Between the American Federation of Labor and the Central Intelligence Agency. Bern: Peter Lang, 2011.

Clark comment: My review of this work appears as "Collaborating for Freedom," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 25, no. 3 (Fall 2012): 604-609. I note that "this is not a groundbreaking treatise, but rather a sparse little book ... that does not try to do too much." It "is simultaneously well researched and readable."


Hughes, R. Gerald. "Of Revelatory Histories and Hatchet Jobs: Propaganda and Method in Intelligence History." Intelligence and National Security 23, no. 6 (Dec. 2008): 842-877.

To anyone with a scholarly bent, particularly historians, this is an important article. Its fulcrum point is Tim Weiner's Legacy of Ashes (2007), a work that purports to be "The" history of the CIA. Hughes argues that "much of the praise directed at Weiner's book results from misconceptions about what the discipline of history is and how an understanding of the evolution of historical method can assist those who read history, as well as those who write it."

This article is filled with such high-level and thought-provoking analysis that attempting to capture it in brief is futile. What follows are some "one-liners" that particularly caught this reader's fancy: "[T]he idea that rectitude of analysis automatically follows exhaustive research is entirely [italics in original] fallacious"; "[b]ias lies at the heart of [Weiner's] critique of the CIA and his selective use of material further reinforces those prejudices"; [t]he belief [by reviewers] that Weiner's book contained a large number of revelations betrayed an ignorance of the wealth of CIA material that had been available for many years"; and it is "clear to scholars that a more rigorous methology would have ameliorated many of the book's worst failings."

Clark comment: In the interest of truth in reviewing, please note that this bibliography (Intellit) and its author are cited by name and internet address at page 874, footnote 135.

[Alpha/W/Weiner/Legacy; Overviews/U.S./00s; RefMats/Teaching]

Hughes, R. Gerald, Peter Jackson, and Len Scott, eds. Exploring Intelligence Archives: Enquiries into the Secret State. London and New York: Routledge, 2008.

Click for Table of Contents.

Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008) and Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), identifies this as a "singular work of historiography.... Various scholars examine 11 cases.... In each case, one provides background and an overview of essential details, which is followed by reproductions of a document or documents in question. Then comes one or more analyses of their content."

For Warner, I&NS 24.3 (Jun. 2009), this edited book "approximates the completeness as a larger work that by nature is difficult to achieve in such collections.... The sole flaw in this book is a minor one.... The volume is not truly one about exploring intelligence archives -- few scholars or practitioners have ever seen such a thing." The book "is about exploring intelligence documents, especially for what they tell us about the governments (if not so much about the intelligence agencies) that produced them.... The editors ... have offered a solid summary of and contributes to the possibilities for patient spadework in intelligence history." (Italics in original)

Jones, AIJ 30.1 (2012), finds that this work "provides an excellent historiography of intelligence research, presents eleven specific documentary examples of how intelligence shaped international history, and serves as a trustworthy guide to the methods and pitfalls of studying documents that were once closed to the public."


Hughes, Terry, and Costello, John. The Battle of the Atlantic: The First Complete Account of the Origins and Outcome of the Longest and Most Crucial Campaign of World War II. New York: Dial Press, 1977.

Nautical Brass Bibliography views this as a "good account of this part of the War, although there are several errors regarding Enigma."


Hughes, Thomas L. The Fate of Facts in a World of Men: Foreign Policy and Intelligence-Making. New York: Foreign Policy Association, 1976.

Handel, "The Politics of Intelligence," I&NS 2.4/38-39/fn. 3, calls this "one of the best essays on the interaction between the intelligence community and political decision-makers."


Hughes, Thomas L. "The Power to Speak and the Power to Listen." In Secrecy and Foreign Policy, eds. Thomas M. Franck and Edward Weisband. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Hughes-Wilson, John [Col.]. Military Intelligence Blunders. London: Robinson, 1999. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2000. Rev. ed. Military Intelligence Blunders and Cover-Ups. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2004. [pb]

Joes, I&NS 16.1, notes that the author, who retired from the British Army's Intelligence Corps in 1993, has produced "a satisfying and worthwhile recapitulation of most [of] the great intelligence stories of the past 60 years." However, the work does "contain some judgment[s] that one must label idiosyncratic." For West, RUSI Journal, Aug. 2004, the author has produced "a splendid selection of episodes which the participants might have preferred to have forgotten."


Hughes-Wilson, John [Col.]. The Puppet Masters: Spies, Traitors & the Real Forces Behind World Events. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2004.

West, RUSI Journal, Aug. 2004, finds that the author has produced a book that "is readable, entertaining and deliberately provocative." Hughes-Wilson makes a number of "assertions that will be challenged.... Many of [his] balder statements are calculated to stimulate debate and get the heart [r]acing, and in this objective he undoubtedly succeeds."


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