Howard, Christopher B. [MAJ/USAFR] "Special Operations Are Not Just for Operators." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Feb. 2004, 48.

The author argues for "[o]ffering select intelligence officers ... a special operations career track."


Howard, Edward Lee. Safe House: The Compelling Memoirs of the Only CIA Spy to Seek Asylum in Russia. Bethesda, MD: National Press Books, 1995.

Surveillant 14.1 notes that Howard does not say whether he gave the Soviets secrets after he fled the United States. He "describes a purported clandestine return to the U.S. in 1986,... [and] describes meeting a Soviet mole ... working for the U.S. government who remains hidden today and implies that there are others.... Those who believe Howard's account of this trip can generally be recognized by the number of deeds they carry announcing ownership in various bridges." The bottomline: "His story, such as it is, is old hat. He reveals nothing new in the way of fact although he does embellish the known events to rationalize his persecution complex. It all adds up to boredom squared."

According to Valcourt, IJI&C 9.1, Howard's book is "an attempt to secure a favorable place for himself in the pantheon of intelligence operatives. Painting himself as a victim of surly bureaucrats..., Howard offers little of substance to sustain his innocence." Safe House mixes "bravado, fable, and whimpering" and will become a "mostly forgotten work" by someone who was not nearly as significant as originally thought. Peake, Studies 52.3 (Sep. 2008), refers to Howard's book as "a forgettable and largely fantasy memoir."

Chambers: "Howard does himself few favors with this book. From his drug use in the Peace Corps to his defection and to the time he nearly gets repatriated by an enthusiastic Soviet guard, he makes one dumb decision after another.... When he isn't being silly, Howard is being disingenuous. He admits that he did give information to the KGB, but claims that it can't have done any harm as such information is ephemeral.... The style is clear, but flat....

"Howard expresses a considerable dislike for David Wise's book about him, claiming to have been misquoted a number of times. However, Wise ... did take the time to find out more about the CIA's treatment of Howard after the firing than Howard tells us about and he shows a level of detachment from the case that allows useful lessons to be drawn. It is recommended over this offering." For Chambers' full review, click HERE.

Howard, Michael E. "Military Intelligence and Surprise Attack: The 'Lessons' of Pearl Harbor." World Politics 15 (Jul. 1963): 701-711. [Petersen]


Howard, Michael E. Strategic Deception. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Vol. 5 of F.H. Hinsley, et. al. British Intelligence in the Second World War: Its Influence on Strategy and Operations. 5 vols. London: HMSO. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979, 1981, 1984 (Part II, 1988), 1990, 1991. New York: Norton, 1995. [pb]

Clark comment: This is the official version of the "bodyguard of lies." The work covers Cascade, Mincemeat, and Fortitude. It is doubtful that more will ever be said broadly about World War II strategic deception than we have here, although additional details may trickle in over time. For Richardson, New Statesman & Society, 24 Aug. 1990, "Howard's history is both assured and elegant, but it really takes wings when he deals with his exotic cast of agents," including Garbo, Tricycle, and Gleam. Surveillant 2.1 calls this an "impeccably researched official publication."

Bennett, I&NS 6.1, expresses considerable dismay with what he views "in certain respects" as "a transparently inadequate, even a positively misleading, version of events." He finds that there are "many omissions," "incomplete explanations," and an "absence of essential references." The reviewer laments that "[w]e remain as ignorant as before about a crucial element in the success of Overlord -- how the Allied superiority in intelligence ... was harnessed to Fortitude in order to keep enough German divisions away from the Normandy beachhead for long enough to facilitate the landings." Nonetheless, the work "is written with such authority that it ... is likely to remain the last official word on its subject for the foreseeable future."


Howard, Russell, Reid Sawyer, and Natasha Bajema, eds. Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment, Readings and Interpretations. 3d ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2008.

From publisher: This volume brings together "original and previously published seminal articles and essays by political scientists, government officials, and members of the nation's armed forces. The editors and several of the authors write from practical field experience in the nation's war on terrorism. Others have had significant responsibility for planning government policy and responses."


Return to How-Hs