How - Hs



Howarth, David Armine. The Shetland Bus: A WWII Epic of Escape, Survival, and Adventure. London: Nelson, 1951. Across to Norway. [?]: Sloane, 1952. Guilford, CT: Lyons, 2008.

Pforzheimer, Studies 5.2 (Spring 1961), says that this is the story of Norwegian escapees from the Nazis "assembled at a British base in the Shetland Islands (where the author was deputy commander)." They used their boats to transport "saboteurs, agents, and refugees" between Norway and the islands.


Howarth, Patrick. Intelligence Chief Extraordinary: The Life of the Ninth Duke of Portland. London: Bodley Head, 1986.

Clark comment: This is a biography of Sir Victor Cavendish-Bentinck, who headed the Joint Intelligence Council (JIC) during World War II. Sexton views Howarth's work as "[e]ssential for understanding the organizational and structural innovations that marked the advent of intelligence as an essential factor in the national decision-making process." To Foot, I&NS 2.1, this biography is "rewarding."

[UK/Biogs & WWII/Overviews]

Howarth, Patrick.

"Patrick John Fielding Howarth, poet, writer, public-relations officer and soldier,... died ... 12 November 2004." Recruited into SOE, he was, for several years, "official controller of some of the most daring British agents in occupied Europe, including the gallant and glamorous Christine Granville." Plowright, The Independent, 19 Nov. 2004.

1. Special Operations. London: Routledge & Keegan Paul, 1955.

2. Undercover: The Men and Women of Special Operations Executive. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1980.

Howarth, Stephen, and Derek Law, eds. The Battle of the Atlantic, 1939-1945: The 50th Anniversary International Naval Conference. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1994. London: Greenhill. 1994.


Howe, Ellic. The Black Game: British Subversive Operations against the German during the Second World War. London: Michael Joseph, 1982. London: Queen Anne Press, 1988.

The author worked for PWE.


Howe, John. A Journal Kept by Mr. John Howe, While He Was Employed as a British Spy in the Revolutionary War. Concord, NH: Luther Roby, 1827.

Constantinides notes that this work, written by an individual whose identity was (perhaps, is) in doubt for 150 years, is difficult to evaluate as to trustworthiness. Bakeless quotes from it in Turncoats, Traitors and Heroes (1959). McKone in his General Sullivan (1977) suggested that Howe was an alias of John Hall who was linked to the defection of Benedict Arnold


Howe, Russell Warren. The Hunt for "Tokyo Rose." Lanham, MD: Madison Books, 1990.

Surveillant 1.1: Howe presents a "highly readable reconstruction of the life of Iva Toguri, the California-born Nisei." The book includes "detailed references to the actual trial transcripts."

Howe, Russell Warren. Mata Hari: The True Story. New York: Dodd & Mead, 1986.

Wheeler, IJI&C 1.3, calls this a "disappointing book.... What is new is the elaborate detail Howe has provided showing how French Intelligence victimized Mata Hari by creating a patently phoney case against her." The author provides a "detailed but plodding analysis" and his "grasp of the details and trends of World War I history is at times both uncertain and dubious.... [H]is picture of the secret war of codes and ciphers in World War I is full of gross generalizations, weak interpretations, and errors of fact." Howe's analysis of Mata Hari's character and attitudes "lacks verisimilitude and objectivity."

The author of what is generally regarded as the most accurate work on Mata Hari, Waagenaar, I&NS 2.4, basically destroys Howe's work in a detailed, almost point-by-point review. He finds Howe's research "unreliable," and his thesis that Mata Hari was framed by the French "erroneous." In addition, Howe made "a total hodge-podge of the details of Mata Hari's espionage efforts."

[France/WWI; Women/WWI]

Howe, Russell Warren. Sleeping with the FBI: Sex, Booze, Russians and the Saga of an American Counterspy Who Couldn't. Washington, DC.: National Press Books, 1993.

Howell, Fred Stanley. The Snoopers. New York: Vantage, 1992.

Surveillant 2.4: Covert action in World War II.

Howland, Richard Cabot. "The Lessons of the September 30 Affair." Studies in Intelligence 14, no. 2 (Fall 1970): 13-29.

One who was there looks back at the events in Indonesia in late September-early October 1965. "In Djakarta,... we were particularly struck by the uniquely indigenous character of the events which led to the purge attempt [against the army] and by the minimal influence on its outcome that could be ascribed to non-Indonesian factors.... [I]t was, from start to finish, a peculiarly and exclusively Indonesian phenomenon.... By the time the great powers realized what was underway, it was too late to help or hinder either side."


Hoxie, R. Gordon, et al. The Presidency and National Security Policy. New York: Center for the Study of the Presidency, 1984.


Hoy, Hugh C. 40 O.B.: Or, How the War Was Won. London: Hutchinson, 1932.

Hoyt, Stephen V. "Cold War Pioneers in Combined Intelligence and Analysis." Intelligence and National Security 23, no. 4 (Aug. 2008): 463-487.

In the early 1980s, the United States Military Liaison Mission (USMLM) in East Germany "became the first Humint integrated collection, analysis and production center."


Hribar, Gasper, Iztok Podbregar, and Teodora Ivanusa. "OSINT: A 'Grey Zone?'" International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 27, no. 3 (Fall 2014): 529-549.

"Even though the tools and knowledge are freely accessible, the major difference between basic and excellent OSINT 'operations' lies in the analytical process. Only experts with good analytical skills and knowledge manage to provide the right information at the right time to their consumers/policymakers."


Hsu, Spencer S. (Washington Post)

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