Holm - Holz


Holm, Richard L.

Holmes, Wilfred J. Double-Edged Secrets: U.S. Naval Intelligence Operations in the Pacific During World War II. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1979. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens, 1979. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1998.

Pforzheimer says that Double-Edged Secrets is an "accurate and very readable" account of "all-source intelligence production, analysis, and dissemination" in support of CINCPAC. Holmes' accounts of the intelligence background to the battle of Midway and the shoot-down of Admiral Yamamoto's plane are "[p]articularly valuable."

To Petersen, this is an "important memoir by a ranking naval intelligence officer in Hawaii." Constantinides sees Holmes as "an invaluable contributor to our knowledge of naval intelligence organization, personnel, operations, and problems in fighting the Pacific war." For Kruh, Cryptologia 30.2 (Apr. 2006), the author's "compassionate understanding of the business of intelligence gathering is unique. Here, he not only captures the mood of the period but also gives rare insight into the problems and personalities involved."

Holmes, Wilfred J. "Naval Intelligence in the War Against Japan, 1941 1945: The View from Pearl Harbor." In New Aspects of Naval History: Selected Papers Presented at the Fourth Naval History Symposium, United States Naval Academy, 25-26 October 1979, ed. Craig L. Symonds, 351-357. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1981. [Petersen]

Holmes, Wilfred J. "Pearl Harbor Aftermath." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Dec. 1978, 68-75.


Holmström, Lauri. "Finland in American Intelligence, 1941-1944." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 4 (Aug. 2010): 479-499.

"The good pre-war relations between Finland and the United States were of vital importance during the Second World War.... At times, the task of intelligence was to substitute for official connections in a period when normal state-to-state were not possible to maintain."

[WWII/Eur/Finland & OSS/Gen]

Holober, Frank. Raiders of the China Coast: CIA Covert Operations during the Korean War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1999.

Clark comment: The author, who served with Western Enterprises Incorporated (WEI) on Quemoy in 1951-1952, details the activities of CIA-sponsored anti-Communist guerrillas along China's southeastern coast in the early 1950s. Except for an annoying tendency to use made up conversations from the past to advance some of his story, Holober provides a good read. This reader even guffawed several times. Ever the instructor, Holober provides little snippets of Chinese along the way. Nevertheless, you need to be interested in learning about this little-known covert action to get full enjoyment from this book.

Sulc, CIRA Newsletter 23.2, comments that Raiders of the China Coast "should be greeted with great interest by historians.... Holober has done a very good job" in his writing about "the forgotten war within the 'forgotten war.'" Similarly, Copper, IJI&C 13.3, says that "Holober is to be credited for telling a story that needed to be told." For Jonkers, AFIO WIN 35-99 (3 Sep. 1999), this book "can be read as a rousing story or as history, celebrating an exceptional cast of American characters involved in these clandestine operations.... Highly recommended."

[CA/Asia; CIA/50s/Gen; GenPostwar/50s/Korea]

Holschuh, Howard [CAPT/USN (Ret.)]. "The Day the Pueblo Crew Returned Home." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 20, no. 1 (Feb. 2004): 26-27.

The author was senior NAVINTCOM representative for the debriefing of the Pueblo crew. Included here are some thoughts on what the interrogation team learned. He concludes that this incident "was the worst security disaster this nation has ever experienced."


Holschuh, Howard [CAPT/USN (Ret.)]. I Briefed a Thousand Stars: My Twenty-Five Years as a Naval Intelligence Officer. Charleston, SC: BookSurge, 2006.

Noland, NIPQ 23.1 (Jan. 2007), comments that this self-published autobiography covers the author's naval career "with style and wit." The "stars" of the title are, of course, the admirals and other flag rank officers Holschuh briefed in his career. Among his assignments prior to retirement in 1972 was that of "Intelligence Briefer for then CNO Admiral Arleigh Burke."


Holt, Pat M. Secret Intelligence and Public Policy: A Dilemma of Democracy. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 1995. JK468.I6 H64

In its day, this was a potential text for a course in U.S. intelligence. Despite the polemic that the title may imply to some, this is a reasonably balanced overview of U.S. intelligence activities and structure, but with a focus on the dilemma that secrecy poses for democratic ideals.

[GenPostwar/Policy/90s; Overviews/U.S./90s]

Holt, Patricia L. "Emma Edmonds." Military History 5, no. 1 (1988): 8, 64-66. [Petersen]


Holt, Robert T. Radio Free Europe. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1958.

Published prior to public knowledge of and does not mention the radio's CIA connection.


Holt, Thaddeus.

1. The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War. London and New York: Scribners/Simon and Schuster, 2004.

For DKR, AFIO WIN 18.4 (31 May 2004), the author "has compiled a massive account of the many operations conducted by the Allies to deceive the Axis" during World War II. "For scholars this work is a splendid compendium of information on the art of strategic deception. For the general public, it reads like a good spy thriller." Seamon, Proceedings 130.6 (Jun. 2004), notes that this work is a "comprehensive ... narrative of the complex series of misinformation operations ... that the Allies launched to deceive Axis intelligence services."

Hastings, Telegraph (London), 13 Dec. 2004, refers to this work as a "meticulous, encyclopaedic history of wartime deception." The author "has produced a masterly study." To Hughes-Wilson, Intelligencer 14.2 (Winter-Spring 2005) [reprinted from RUSI Journal, Dec. 2004], this "must be the definitive book on deception in WW2.... It is well written, beautifully researched and indexed, and with a wealth of details and references."

To Kahn, Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), this work is "a thrilling account of a fascinating subject"; and it "deserves that overworked but rarely merited adjective: definitive." Peake, Studies 54.3 (Sep. 2010) and Intelligencer 18.1 (Fall-Winter 2010), agrees: "The Deceivers provides a historical picture of deception that is truly unique. With descriptions of hundreds of operations and impressive detail concerning all the principals, all extensively documented, Holt's book stands as the definitive work on the subject."

2. "The Deceivers." MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History 7 (Autumn 1994): 48-57.

Sexton: "A brief overview of strategic deception in World War II with an emphasis on the Pas-de-Calais and Kurile Island campaigns."

[WWII/Eur/Deception; WWII/FEPac]

Holtzappel, Coen. "The 30 September Movement." Journal of Contemporary Asia 9, no. 2 (1979): 216-240.


Holzman, Franlyn D. "The CIA's Military Spending Estimates: Deceit and Its Costs." Challenge, May-Jun. 1992, 28-39.


Holzman, Michael. Guy Burgess: Revolutionary in an Old School Tie. Createspace Independent Publishing Platform/Amazon.com, 2012.

This self-published book is thoroughly ripped by West, IJI&C 26.2 (Summer 2013). The reviewer comments on Holzman's use of suspect sources, and notes that he "gives no source whatever for some of his most astonishing assertions." Peake, Studies 57.1 (Mar. 2013), and Intelligencer 20.1 (Spring-Summer 2013), comments that the author "adds some new items about Burgess's health and his expertise in Far Eastern Affairs,... but there is little new, if anything, about his espionage. From time to time, Holzman adds an interesting item without any documentation." In addition, there are several notable errors in the book.


Holzman, Michael. James Jesus Angleton, the CIA, and the Craft of Counterintelligence. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2008.

Clark comment: My review of this work appears in Intelligence and National Security 27.1 (2012), pp. 158-162.

For Peake, Studies 53.3 (Sep. 2009) and Intelligencer 17.2 (Fall 2009), this book has "much that is new" on Angleton's personal life but "little new" on his career. In addition, the book has small and large errors concerning both British and American intelligence. This work "is less a biography than a literary vehicle skewed by a preconceived conclusion supported by secondary sources. James Angleton is worthy of a good biography. This isn't it." On the other hand, Hawkes, Times Literary Supplement (10 Jun. 2009), says that this "brisk, uncluttered book offers valuable access to previously untapped material on Angleton."

West, IJI&C 23.1 (Spring 2010), eviscerates this work. For example, the author "surprisingly offers little" on the subject of the Venona material, "and what he does say reveals that he cannot have studied the topic in any detail." On matters involving the Cambridge Five, "Holzman's reliability ... is really very dubious." West concludes that the author "has done little or no original research and instead has written a polemic based on his not very extensive reading.... Holzman is out of his depth and just does not really know very much about Angleton."

To Robarge, Studies 53.4 (Dec. 2010), the author's "research is reasonably thorough, but ... he uses secondary sources with a surprisingly unquestioning attitude, and he makes many careless mistakes with dates, organizations, and people." In additiom, Holzman's "narrative is cluttered with several redantic or politically loaded asides and digressions."

Jeffreys-Jones, Diplomatic History 34.4 (Sep. 2010), notes that the author's "sense of comfort within the literary zone inclines him to emphasize the importance of Angleton's youthful interest in poetry," as had been done by Robin Winks. Holzman "argues that Angleton fell in with the American New Criticism that rejected historicism in favor of a closer reading of texts that resulted in the highlighting of ambiguity.... Holzman addresses his subject with mixed fortunes and fails to assess the significance of Angleton for U.S. foreign policy. But his book is a lively addition to the literature in a field where nobody is likely to be regarded as authoritative."


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