Hi - Hig


Hiam, C. Michael. Who the Hell Are We Fighting? The Story of Sam Adams and the Vietnam Intelligence Wars. Hanover, NH: Steerforth, 2006.

Sinclair, Studies 50.4 (2006), sees this as "a clear-sighted account of the man and his era." The author "did a huge amount of research.... Hiam provides a rich picture of the Viet Cong numbers debate, the people involved in Sam's battles, and the controversies that took up the rest of Sam's life. He includes too much tedious play-by-play when he comes to the Westmoreland trial, but his account of Sam's earlier struggles is excellent." Who the Hell Are We Fighting? "is an excellent study of this one important episode in the Vietnam saga. For a sense of the role of intelligence through the whole war, however, one must turn to [other] accounts."

For Kovar, IJI&C 20.3 (Fall 2007), this is "a thoroughly researched and well-argued justification of the life of an American intelligence hero." The author has produced "a highly readable and persuasive" work. At the same time, Hiam offers an "unsparing and frequently unflattering description of his hero's obsessive and ultimately tragic pursuit of the truth." See Samuel A. Adams, War of Numbers: An Intelligence Memoir (Hanover, NH: Steerforth, 1994).


Hiatt, Fred. "Left Out in the Cold: The Widow of a Spy Betrayed by Aldrich Ames Seeks Answers." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 26 Dec. 1994-1 Jan. 1995, 19-20.

The widow of Valery Martynov, one of the spies supposedly revealed by Aldrich Ames to his Russian paymasters, is trying to find out if she and her children might be entitled to compensation from the U.S. government. Martynov was a KGB Line X officer who served in the United States 1980-1985. He was arrested upon returning to Moscow with the redefecting Vitaly Yurchenko, and executed in 1987.


Hibbert, Reginald [Sir]. Albania's National Liberation Struggle: The Bitter Victory. London: Pinter, 1991.

Baldwin, I&NS 7.4, notes that Hibbert served with SOE in Albania for 11 months, beginning in December 1943. The author includes "some magnitude of error" in the outline he provides for early Albanian history, and citations in the work indicate that he "is clearly not keeping up with ... new and different sources." At times, "Hibbert can be disconcertingly self-contradictory," and his book "cannot be read in isolation." For Bailey, I&NS 15.2, fn. 5, this work gives "the most thorough account of SOE's Albanian operations yet available."

[UK/WWII/Serv/SOE; WWII/OSS/Balkans/Albania]

Hibbert, Reginald. "Intelligence and Policy." Intelligence and National Security 5, no. 1 (Jan. 1990): 110-128.

Hibbs, Jon. "Rules on Recruiting Spies Are Relaxed." Telegraph (London), 6 Feb. 1998. [http://www.telegraph.co.uk]

Foreign Secretary Robin Cook announced on 5 February 1998 that "employment rules for spies" have been eased "to enable people with only one British parent to join the intelligence services.... It is understood that the move followed pressure from staff at GCHQ,... and follows the restoration of trade union rights at the listening post. However, Mr Cook made clear that the concession would also apply to applicants for MI5, the Security Service, as well as MI6, the Secret Intelligence Service. Potential employees would still be required to hold a British passport."


Hickey, Kathleen. " Encrypting the Future." Government Computer News, 6 Aug. 2007. [http://www.gcn.com]

"NSA pushes elliptic-curve cryptography to secure small devices and lend support to interoperable communication networks."


Hicks, D. Bruce. "Lifting the Arms Embargo on the Bosnian Muslims: Secret Diplomacy or Covert Action?" International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18, no. 2 (Summer 2005): 246-261.

The author concludes that "[t]he activities of U.S. officials [in 1994] toward the arms pipeline came perilously close to constituting illegal covert actions."

[CA/Gen; MI/Ops/Bosnia]

Hieber, Hanne. "'Mademoiselle Docteur': The Life and Service of Imperial Germany’s Only Female Intelligence Officer." Journal of Intelligence History 5, no. 2 (Winter 2005). [http://www.intelligence-history.org/jih/journal.html]

From abstract: Elsbeth Schragmüller "was one of the key figures in Germany's wartime intelligence against France.... [She] belonged to the first generation of young women who had been admitted to the universities, and she was among those disposed for management and leadership positions. This article presents new archival sources which shed some light on the biography of Elsbeth Schragmüller. It provides further insights into her work for IIIb."


Higgins, Trumbull. Perfect Failure: Kennedy, Eisenhower, and the CIA at the Bay of Pigs. New York: Norton, 1987. [Chambers]


Higgs, Edward.

1. The Information State in England: The Central Collection of Information on Citizens since 1500. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

2. "The Rise of the Information State: The Development of the Central State Surveillance of the Citizen in England, 1500-2000." Journal of Historical Sociology 14, no. 2 (2001): 175-197.


Higham, Robin D., ed. A Guide to the Sources of United States Military History. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1975. Supplements I (1981) and II (1986), ed. by Higham and Donald J. Mrozek.

Petersen: "Numerous intelligence entries."


Highfield, John. "Australian Spy Sentenced to Jail in the US." Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 9 Mar. 2001. [http://www.abc.net.au]

A U.S. District Court in Virginia on 9 March 2001 'imposed a 15 year sentence" on Jean-Philippe Wispelaere. "Under a plea bargain, his lawyers have promised he'll cooperate fully in debriefings, as they're putting it, with Australian and US intelligence and law enforcement agencies."


Highsmith, Newell L. "Policing Executive Adventurism: Congressional Oversight of Military and Paramilitary Operations." Harvard Journal on Legislation 19 (Summer 1982): 327-392.


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