Gra - Gram


Grable, Joseph H. [CAPT/USA] "The S2 and Light Infantry Scouts." Military Intelligence 19, no. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1993): 31-37.

Grabo, Cynthia M.

Graff, Garrett M. The Threat Matrix: The FBI at War in the Age of Global Terror. New York Little Brown, 2011.

Peake, Studies 55.3 (Sep. 2011), notes that the "principal focus" here is FBI Director Robert "Mueller and the global counterterrorism mission." The author shows that under Mueller "progress was continuous and positive, and the Bureau of today bears little resemblance to Hoover's organization." The Threat Matrix is "a well-told story and a reading pleasure."


Graham, Bob, with Jeff Nussbaum. Intelligence Matters: The CIA, the FBI, Saudi Arabia, and the Failure of American's War on Terror. New York: Random House, 2004. With a New Preface and Postscript. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2008.

According to Studies 49.1 (2005), this work summarizes Senator Graham's role in the House-Senate Joint Inquiry into the Intelligence Community's performance prior to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, "his views on the subsequent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and his recommendations for reform of the Intelligence Community.... Graham has shared some interesting insights on how things work in Washington, and, although some of his views are controversial, he more than justifies the conclusion that intelligence matters."

[Overviews/U.S./00s; Reform/00s/04/Gen]

Graham, Bradley [Washington Post].

Graham, Daniel O. Confessions of a Cold Warrior. Fairfax, VA: Preview Press, 1995.

Graham, Daniel O. "Estimating the Threat: A Soldier's Job." Army 23 (Apr. 1973): 14-18. [Petersen]


Graham, Daniel O. "DIA: The Unglamorous But Crucial Role of Satisfying the Foreign Military Intelligence Requirements of DOD." Commander's Digest 17 (24 Apr. 1975): 1-20 (entire issue). [Petersen]


Graham, Daniel O. "The Intelligence Mythology of Washington." Strategic Review 4 (Summer 1976): 59-66. [Petersen]


Graham, Daniel O. "The Soviet Military Budget Controversy." Air Force Magazine 59, no. 5 (1976): 33-37. [Petersen]


Graham, Daniel O. U.S. Intelligence at the Crossroads. USSI Report 76-1. Washington DC: United States Strategic Institute, 1976.


Graham, Richard H.

1. SR-71 Blackbird: Stories, Tales, and Legends. St. Paul, MN: MBI, 2002.

From publisher: "Former SR-71 pilot, instructor and wing commander, Richard Graham, presents the most intriguing SR-71 stories ever told. This once highly classified program is fully revealed through the words of pilots, commanders, mechanics, and instructors involved in the Blackbird's creation and flight-testing."

2. SR-71 Revealed: The Inside Story. Osceola. WI: MBI, 1996.

From publisher: "Former SR-71 Wing Commander Rich Graham ... provides a detailed look at the entire SR-71 story beginning with his application to be an SR pilot through commanding an entire wing."


Graham, Thomas, Jr., and Keith A. Hansen. Preventing Catastrophe: The Use and Misuse of Intelligence in Efforts to Halt the Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2009.

Peake, Studies 54.1 (Mar. 2010) and Intelligencer 17.2 (Winter-Spring 2010), finds that in this work "two skilled analysts provide the background necessary to understand the new [post-Cold War and post-9/11] circumstances and the steps required to improve the intelligence-policy aspects of counterproliferation in the future."


Graham, Thomas, Jr., and Keith A. Hansen. Spy Satellites and Other Intelligence Technologies That Changed History. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2007.

Peake, Studies 51.3 (2007), notes that this work deals with both the collection of monitoring data and verification issues involved in agreements on nuclear weapons. "The authors' narrative is not technical.... For those wishing to know how NTM [National Technical Means] contributed to the end of the Cold War and to learn about the demands placed on them by the war against terror," this "is an excellent place to start." For Poteat, Intelligencer 15.3 (Summer-Fall 2007), this book "is an excellent primer on U.S. reconnaissance systems,... and the many arms control treaties made possible -- and mutually acceptable -- by both the U.S. and Soviet Union."


Grajewski, Marcin. "Spy for U.S Gets Mixed Reception in Poland." Reuters, 27 Apr. 1998. []

Ryszard Kuklinski returned to his native Poland on 27 April 1998. After meeting with the Cold War spy, Polish Premier Jerzy Buzek told reporters: "Kuklinski was a witness of history. He took his decision at moments that were very difficult for Poland. I have a right to suppose that these decisions saved our country from bloodshed." Public opinion polls show that Poles remain split over how to view Kuklinski's actions in spying for the CIA.


Gramer, George K., Jr. [COL/USA] "Development of the Cradle-to-Grave Training Strategies: Philosophy and Process." Military Intelligence 24, no. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1998): 4-8.


Gramer, George K., Jr. "Operation Joint Endeavor: Combined-Joint Intelligence in Peace Enforcement Operations." Military Intelligence 22, no. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1996): 11-14.

"Contributing to the intelligence frustration in the theater was the proliferation of intelligence entities by nations and agencies.... In Sarajevo, there were at least ten national intelligence centers primarily dedicated to providing intelligence releasable only to their own nations.... Human intelligence (HUMINT) was clearly the number one collector in theater.... NATO-releasable SIGINT reporting consistently was a day late and a dollar short.... Imagery intelligence (IMINT) ... was [generally] sufficient and satisfactory." However, an excess of tactical reconnaissance assets were deployed in theater, and "the resultant products were often less than satisfactory."

[GenPostwar/Peacekeeping; MI/Ops/90s/Bosnia][c]

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