Gam - Gaq


Gann, Ernest K. The Black Watch: The Men Who Fly America's Super Secret Spy Planes. New York: Random House, 1989.


Gannon, James. Stealing Secrets, Telling Lies: How Spies and Codebreakers Helped Shape the Twentieth Century. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2001.

Clark comment: The author's language is sprightly, if at times overblown (note, for example, his description of Rommel's situation prior to El Alamein: "It was as if the Desert Fox, bereft of his senses, could not see the red-coated huntsmen, smell the sweating horses, or hear the baying hounds as they closed in on him"), making this an entertaining read of several oft-told stories. Gannon outlines the cases he has chosen well, if not always with complete accuracy. The absence of references to the Allies use of HF/DF in the retelling of the Battle of the Atlantic (pp. 59-71) is a significant omission, even if it was done to keep the story focused on codebreaking. In sum, this is not a book for the historian of intelligence; but it does supply a good survey for the general reader of some significant instances where intelligence (most often codebreaking) played a role in historic events in the 20th century.

Erskine, I&NS 18.1, sees this as "a collection of largely unrelated essays" drawn primarily from secondary sources. Therefore, the work "contains no real revelations." Although the "book contains several detailed errors..., Gannon writes well and has indeed some good stories to tell." For Kruh, Cryptologia 28.1, a number of "dramatic episodes" of espionage and codebreaking are "detailed in this intriguing book."


[Gannon, John C.] "China as an Emerging Power." CIRA Newsletter 21, no. 4 (Winter 1996-1997): 3-7.

Speech by the Deputy Director for Intelligence to Central Intelligence Retirees Association, Ft. Myer, Virginia, 10 October 1996. Selected responses to audience questions, by Marty Peterson, Senior DDI Chinese Specialist, are included (pp. 8-9).

[Analysis/China; CIA/C&C/DI][c]

Gannon, John C. "The CIA in the New World Order: Intelligence Challenges through 2015." Intelligencer 11, no. 2 (Winter 2000): 61-67.

Speech by the Chairman of the National Intelligence Council (NIC) to the Smithsonian Associates' "Campus on the Mall," Washington, DC, 1 February 2000.


Gannon, John C. "Restructuring Intelligence: Let Form Follow Function." Intelligencer 13, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2002): 17-23.

The former DDI gives his views of the impact of 9/11 on the Intelligence Community, and offers "seven objectives for reform." Gannon's first objective would have the Executive Branch take charge and develop a strategic plan for intelligence. He would also have the DCI functioning, under the President, as the CEO of the Intelligence Community.


Gannon, Kathy, and Adam Goldman. "Pakistan's Intelligence Ready to Split with CIA." Associated Press, 24 Feb. 2011. []

"Pakistan's ISI spy agency is ready to split with the CIA because of frustration over what it calls heavy-handed pressure and its anger over what it believes is a covert U.S. operation involving hundreds of contract spies, according to a document obtained by The Associated Press and interviews with U.S. and Pakistani officials."

[CIA/2010s/2011; OtherCountries/Pakistan/2000s]

Gannon, Michael.

1. Black May: The Epic Story of the Allies' Defeat of the German U-Boats in May 1943. New York: HarperCollins, 1998.

Kruh, Cryptologia 23.1, calls Gannon's work "thrilling and comprehensive," adding that the author's "enormous research has produced the most thoroughly documented study of these battles and their participants."

2. Operation Drumbeat: The Dramatic True Story of Germany's First U-Boat Attacks Along the American Coast in World War II. New York: Harper, 1990.

According to Sexton, the author in his "compelling narrative ... is extremely critical of Admiral Ernest J. King, who he claims ignored ULTRA warnings of German intentions."


Gannon, Paul. COLOSSUS: Bletchley Park’s Greatest Secret. London: Atlantic, 2006.

According to Peake, Studies 50.3 (Sep. 2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), the author "sorts out the differences in the BOMBE and COLOSSUS, describes their actual contribution to the war effort, and clarifies the true role of Alan Turing. The first two parts of the book describe the intercept and decryption processes. The third contains 17 appendices that describe the technical aspects of codebreaking.... This book is a comprehensive treatment of an important and, heretofore, not well-understood subject. A readable, thoroughly documented, valuable contribution."

Cohu, Telegraph (London), 12 Mar. 2006, finds that this "book is a labour of love" and the author's "knowledge is profound, but it is poorly edited and can be turgid.... A telecommunications specialist, Gannon is very good on the Post Office contribution, but he lost me when describing the mathematical processes of encryption and decryption." Ferry, The Guardian, 29 Jul. 2006, finds that comparing Gannon's treatment to Jack Copeland's, Gannon's work "is readable enough if you want a single-author treatment, though it suffers occasionally from poor editing."

To Singh, Times (London), 11 Mar. 2006, the author "weaves together four strands" of the Colossus story. He "explains the cryptography in detail, and gives an equally rigorous account of how it influenced military strategy. Thirdly, and possibly closest to his heart, he argues that Colossus was an historic breakthrough in computing.... Finally, Gannon tells of the heroic efforts of the inventors and mathematicians."


Gannon, Paul. Inside Room 40: The Codebreakers of World War I. Hersham, UK: Ian Allen, 2010.

Christensen, Cryptologia 35.3 (Jul. 2011), says this work "is not dramatically different from what we have read before, but it does present a more comprehensive view of World War I British signals intelligence."


Ganor, Boaz. The Counter-Terrorism Puzzle: A Guide for Decision Makers. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2005.

According to Norwitz, NWCR 59.1 (Winter 2006), the author uses the Israeli model to observe that "democracies are uniquely vulnerable to terrorism where government must defend itself yet maintain principles of transparency, rule of law, and representative governance while remaining mindful of world opinion.... This book is an authoritative accounting of Israel's struggle against terrorism. However, Ganor's exclusive analysis of the Israeli experience is also a weakness."

[Israel/Overviews; Terrorism/00s/Gen]

Ganser, Daniele. "The British Secret Service in Neutral Switzerland: An Unfinished Debate on NATO's Cold War Stay-behind Armies." Intelligence and National Security 20, no. 4 (Dec. 2005): 553-580.

The list of annoyances and not-quite-rights in this article is long. For instance, Maj. Gen. Sir Colin Gubbins is introduced as "a small, wiry Scotsman with a moustache." Which of these elements are needed prior to quoting him on the role of SOE in World War II? Then, there are such statements as "no documents supporting such a claim have been found so far." Is the "so far" really necessary? In other words, too much of this article does not rise above speculation. Nevertheless, the article "suggests that Switzerland ... was integrated into the international stay-behind network of NATO covering Western Europe during the Cold War." Maybe, but not proven here.

[GenPostwar/CW; UK/Postwar/Gen]

Ganser, Daniele. "The CIA in Western Europe and the Abuse of Human Rights." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 5 (Oct. 2006): 760-781.

Links the Italian elections of 1948 to "black" prisons in 2005 to postwar stay-behind networks. If the author truly believes that the name of the U.S. President is George Bush Junior, we need to start over with our research.

[CA/Eur/PostCW; CIA/00s/Gen]

Ganser, Daniele. NATO's Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe. London and New York: Frank Cass, 2005.

Riste, I&NS 20.3 (Sep. 2005), finds little good to say about this book. He comments that in the author's hands, the "stay behind" preparations initiated in several European countries as a hedge against Soviet occupation "becomes a story of a nefarious conspiratorial network." Ganser also inflates their significance by terming them "armies," a term that he seems to believe "covers units of less than 100 men." In addition, the author accepts "many unfounded allegations ... as historical findings." Peake, Studies 49.3 (2005), puts the issue succinctly: "proof is a problem for Ganser."

For Hansen, IJI&C 19.1 (Spring 2006), this is "a journalistic work with a big spoonful of conspiracy theories." The thesis of the work "is unsubstantiated by the content"; in fact, the author "fails to present any proof ... of the claimed conspiracy.... [T]he big U.S.-UK conspiracy theory does not hold water." Hansen, JIH 5.1 (Summer 2005), notes that "[o]ne of the important documents that Ganser bases his claim of the big conspiracy on is an American field manual.... In Denmark this field manual popped up on several occasions.... It was first presented in the late 1960's during the situation in Greece and also several times during the 1970's.... According to an analysis made by the Danish Defense Intelligence Service (DDIS) in 1976, this field manual was part of a KGB disinformation campaign."


Ganser, Daniele. "Terrorism in Western Europe: An Approach to NATO's Secret Stay-Behind Armies." Whitehead Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations 6, no. 1 (Winter/Spring 2005): 69-95.

The author argues that "secret armies" existed in Western Europe during the Cold War. They were coordinated by NATO, and run by the European military secret services in close cooperation with the CIA and MI6. "The clandestine international network covered the European NATO membership, including Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, and Turkey, as well as the neutral European countries of Austria, Finland, Sweden, and Switzerland."


Gansler, Laura Leedy. The Mysterious Private Thompson: The Double Life of Sarah Emma Edmonds. New York: Free Press, 2005.

DKR, AFIO WIN 24-05 (27 Jun. 2005), says that the author "has told Sarah's story well and with a sound knowledge of the Civil War."


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