Fre - Free


Frean, Alexandra, and Michael Evans. "Universities 'Asked to Act as Spies for Intelligence Services.'" Times (London), 19 Oct. 2006. []

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) "plans to enlist the help of British universities in the war against terrorism have been delayed after academics complained that they were being asked to spy for the British intelligence services."


Fredericks, Brian E.  "Information Warfare at the Crossroads."  Joint Force Quarterly (Summer 1997), 97-103.


Fredericks, Brian, and Richard Wiersema. "Battlefield TECHINT: Support of Operations DESERT SHIELD/STORM." Military Intelligence 18, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1992): 13-19.


Freedberg, Sydney J., Jr. "Energy Labs Debate Boils Over." National Journal (26 Jun. 1999), 1896-1897.

Discusses reaction to PFIAB report at the Energy Department, at the Labs, and in Congress. The focus is Energy Secretary Richardson's resistance to a semiautonomous agency responsible for national security work at the Energy Department.


Freedberg, Sydney J., Jr. "Men and Machines." National Journal 37, no. 12 (19 Mar. 2005): 834-839.

"America has been the master of high-tech intelligence collection. But it is human intelligence -- 'humint,' the age-old art of one human being getting another to talk -- that is most needed against low-tech adversaries.... And human intelligence has been America's great weakness.... The Pentagon is taking steps to redress its decades-long neglect of human intelligence."


Freedberg, Sydney J., Jr. "Misdirected Energy: Good Science Springs from Openness; Good Security from a Closed Loop. The Energy Department Struggles to Reconcile the Two in the Wake of Chinese Spying." National Journal (29 May 1999), 1463-1466.


Freedman, Lawrence.

Freedman, Maurice.

1. The Codebreakers, 1901-1945: Bletchley Park and the Second World War. London: Cooper, 2000.

Note from Royal Historical Society Database: "Republished as Unravelling Enigma, 2001." (See below)

2. Unravelling Enigma: Winning the Code War at Station X. Barnsley, UK: Leo Cooper, 2001.

Kruh, Cryptologia 25.2, calls this book a "concise and readable account." On the other hand, Erskine, I&NS 17.1, says that "Unravelling Enigma contains no real insights into what made Bletchley so successful, and does not convey the flavour of working there. Regrettably, it does not deliver on its title, and cannot be recommended, even for the general reader."


Freeh, Louis J., with Howard Means. My FBI: Bringing Down the Mafia, Investigating Bill Clinton, and Fighting the War on Terror. New York: St Martin’s, 2005.

Walsh, Washington Post, 16 Oct. 2005, calls Freeh's book "a scorching account of his relationship with Bill Clinton and of leading the bureau at a time when, as Freeh writes, the president's 'scandals . . . never ended.'... Freeh devotes a scant two chapters to the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks and their aftermath, explaining that enough newsprint and news hours already have been dedicated to what went wrong without his rehashing the details. This will be too little for many."

For Peake, Studies 50.2 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), although the author "dealt with aspects of some important events during his seven-year tenure -- 1 September 1993-25 June 2001 -- ... few details are provided here.... In the area of domestic counterintelligence,... he says nothing in the title and little in the book. Less than a page for the CIA's Aldrich Ames ... and Harold Nicholson ([p.] 236), just a few more for the FBI's Earl Pitts and Robert Hanssen.... This book is FBI lite. GOOGLE will be more informative."


Freeland, Chrystia, and John Kampfner. "Russia and UK Order Tit-for-Tat Embassy Expulsions." Financial Times, 18 May 1996, 1.


Freeman, Douglas Southall. George Washington, A Biography. 7 vols. New York: Scribner, 1948-1957.

Although intelligence is not the focus of Freeman's massive biography, there are plenty of opportunities here to look over Washington's shoulder as he managed his extensive intelligence network.


Freeman, Gregory A. The Forgotten 500: The Untold Story of the Men Who Risked All for the Greatest Rescue Mission of World War II. New York: Penguin, 2007.

Nels, Air & Space Power Journal 23.4 (Winter 2009), notes that this work is about "Operation Halyard, the largest behind-enemy-lines rescue mission of World War II." It tells "the story of the daring rescue of hundreds of downed Airmen from under the noses of the German army and the sacrifices made by Serbs in order to facilitate that rescue." The author has written the book "for a general audience, and the subject matter benefits from this treatment."


Freeman, J. F. "A New Source for Figures on Soviet Military Output." Studies in Intelligence 6, no. 2 (Spring 1962): 19-26.


Freeman, J. Leiper. "Investigating the Executive Intelligence: The Fate of the Pike Committee." Capitol Studies, 5 (Fall 1977): 103-118.


Freeman, Peter. "MI1(b) and the Origins of British Diplomatic Cryptanalysis." Intelligence and National Security 22, no. 2 (Apr. 2007): 206-228.

The author "outlines the relevant parts of the War Office's intelligence staff, describes the development of MI1(b)'s work on diplomatic targets..., and details the merger in 1919" of MI1(b) and Room 40 "into the Government Code & Cypher School (GC&CS) under the Admiralty, and its move in 1921/22 to its current position under the Foreign Secretary." [footnotes omitted]

[UK/Interwar/20s & WWI/UK]

Freeman, Peter. "The Zimmermann Telegram Revisited: A Reconciliation of the Primary Sources." Cryptologia 30, no. 2 (Apr. 2006): 98-150.

Abstract: "A critical examination of the primary sources (some published here for the first time) on the transmission, interception and decryption of the Zimmermann Telegram dispels some long-standing myths and misapprehensions, which are to be traced to inaccuracies in the accounts by the British protagonists in the affair."


Freemantle, Brian. CIA: The "Honourable" Company. London: Michael Joseph/Rainbird, 1983. New York: Stein & Day, 1984.

Scarcely one of the better books on the subject.


Freemantle, Brian. KGB: Inside the World's Largest Intelligence Network. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1982.

Rocca and Dziak: "Marred by serious factual errors."


Freese, Jacob R. Secrets of the Late Rebellion. Philadelphia: Crombargar, 1882.

"At the outbreak of war, Freese ... was named Assistant Adjutant General to Gen. William R. Montgomery, First New Jersey Regiment of Volunteers. When Montgomery was named Military Governor of Alexandria, Virginia, Freese was appointed Provost Judge. His harsh manner of imposing military law ... earned the tribunal the name 'Judge Freese's Bayonet Court.'" Sayle, "Nuggets from Intelligence History," IJI&C 1.2 (1986), fn. 3.

Constantinides comments that Freese's book focuses on "covert efforts of the Confederates to establish land supply lines to the South.... Laid out are routes of these lines and names of lookouts, river crossers, safe-house keepers, and providers of transports. So are a number of operations."


Freeze, Colin. "Rules Urged for Spies in Afghanistan: War Zone Work Commendable Despite Lack of Guidance, Inspector-General Says." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 9 May 2008. []

CSIS Inspector-General Eva Plunkett says that CSIS agents working in Afghanistan "are doing 'commendable work' but that laws governing the spy service need to be updated now that agents are being dispatched to war zones."


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