Fos - Fram


Foss, Hugh. "Reminiscences on Enigma." In Action This Day: Bletchley Park from the Breaking of the Enigma Code to the Birth of the Modern Computer, eds. Ralph Erskine and Michael Smith, 41-46. Erskine, Ralph, and Michael Smith, eds. Action This Day: Bletchley Park from the Breaking of the Enigma Code to the Birth of the Modern ComputerLondon and New York: Bantam, 2001.



Fourcade, Marie-Madeleine. Noah's Ark: A Memoir of Struggle and Resistance. London: Allen & Unwin, 1973. New York: Dutton, 1974.

Constantinides: "Noah's Ark is the memoir of the leader and principal agent of one of the great espionage networks of World War II.... [I]t was the only network to cover all of France and the only one of its kind headed by a woman.... This is the saga, poetic and moving in its presentation, of the network's life."

[Women/WWII/Other/Fr; WWII/Eur/Resistance]

Fournie, Daniel A. "Harsh Lessons: Roman Intelligence in the Hannibalic War." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 17, no. 3 (Fall 2004): 502-538.

In the Second Punic War, Rome's "multiple strategic intelligence failures [in] the initial phase ... would seem to have been a powerful prod" to an improved performance. However, "there is no indication that the intelligence structure, or system, was modified. The Senate simply improved the application of its traditional system -- reliance on allies, field commanders, and envoys."


4th Psychological Operations Group (Airborne). "Leaflets of the Persian Gulf War." Ft. Bragg, NC, 1991. []

From the Commander, Col. Layton G. Dunbar, USA: "This book contains exemplars of leaflets designed, printed and disseminated in support of Coalition Forces during Operation DESERT STORM.... The psychological preparation of the battlefield began in earnest in December and radio, leaflet and loudspeaker operations continued non-stop throughout the air and ground phases of the conflict. The PSYOP radio network, 'Voice of the Gulf,' broadcast from 19 January until the end of the war.... More than 29 million leaflets (approximately 29 tons) were disseminated between 30 December 1990 and 28 February 1991. Sixty-six PSYOP loudspeaker teams provided tactical support for every major ground unit throughout the ground war."

[CA/PsyOps; MI/Ops/90s/Storm]

Fowler, Charles A., and Robert F. Nesbit. "Tactical Deception in Air-Land Warfare." Journal of Electronic Defense 18 (Jun. 1995):37-40ff. [Seymour]


Fowler, Simon. "New MI5 Records at the Public Record Office." Labour History Review 63 (1999): 288-296.

Royal Historical Society Database: "Second World War records."


Fowler, Will. The Secret World of the Spy: Stories of Espionage, Deception, and Discovery. Philadelphia, PA: Running Press, 1994.

Surveillant 4.2 identifies this as a large-format, photographic album. The book "contains numerous misspellings, particularly of names."


Fowler, Wilton B. British-American Relations, 1917-1918: The Role of Sir William Wiseman. Suppl. vol. to The Papers of Woodrow Wilson. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1969.

Sir William Wiseman was the head of British intelligence in Washington in World War I


Fowler, Wyche, Jr. [Rep., GA-D] "Congress and the Control of Covert Operations." First Principles 9, no. 4 (Mar.-Apr. 1984): 1, 4-7.

Petersen: "Legislative critic" of covert action.

[CA/80s; Oversight/To90s]

Fox, Frank. God's Eye: Aerial Photography and the Katyn Forest Massacre. West Chester, PA: West Chester University Press, 1999.

Fischer, IJI&C 15.3 and Studies 46.3 (2002), notes that this work "is part history and part biography. The historical part tells the story of Katyn and other killing fields, where more than 20,000 Polish" citizens were slaughtered during World War II. The biographical part focuses on the efforts of Waclaw Godziemba-Maliszewski, "a self-taught photo-interpreter of professional caliber," to "identify execution and burial sites, establish Soviet culpability, and pressure Warsaw and Moscow to complete a full official investigation."


Fox, John. The King's Smuggler: Jane Whorwood, Secret Agent to Charles I. Stroud, UK: The History Press, 2010.

From publisher: "Jane Whorwood was one of Charles I's closest confidantes. The wife of an Oxfordshire squire, when the court moved to Oxford in 1642, at the start of the Civil War, she helped the royalist cause by spying for the king, and smuggling gold.... When Charles was held captive by the Parliamentarians, from 1646 to 1649, she organized money, correspondence, several escape attempts, astrological advice, and a ship for him." A brief version of Whorwood's story is John Fox, "Charles I's Secret Agent," BBC History Magazine 11, no. 2 (Feb. 2010): 28-29.


Fox, John F., Jr. "Early Days of the Intelligence Community: Bureaucratic Wrangling over Counterintelligence, 1917–18." Studies in Intelligence 49, no. 1 (2005), 9-17.

"As the United States prepared to send troops to fight in France in 1917,... foreign agents had been acting largely with impunity on domestic soil for three years.  Treasury Secretary William Gibbs McAdoo made what might appear to be a reasonable proposal: centralize all intelligence responsibility, especially counterintelligence, in a Bureau of Intelligence to be run by the Department of State or the Treasury Department.... [H]is proposal exacerbated a bureaucratic battle underway between the Treasury Department and the Department of Justice over how counterintelligence ... should be handled on the homefront. When the dust settled following the armistice of 1918, Justice's Bureau of Investigation -- the predecessor to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) -- came out on top as the agency in charge of domestic counterintelligence, a responsibility that has not been changed since that time."

[FBI/Interwar; WWI/U.S.]

Fox, Renee C., Willy de Craemer, and Jean-Marie Ribeaucourt. "'The Second Independence': A Case Study of the Kwilu Rebellion in the Congo.' Comparative Studies in Society and History 8, no. 1 (Oct. 1965): 78–109.


Foy, Michael T. Michael Collins's Intelligence War: The Struggle between the British and the IRA 1919-1921. Stroud, UK: Sutton, 2006. Stroud, UK: History Press, 2008. [pb]

According to John Burns, Sunday Times (London), 2 Apr. 2006, the author suggests that Molly Childers, the American wife of Erskine Childers, "spied on Sinn Fein for the British government.... He bases the controversial claim in part on an analysis of the agent's reports, which included American-sounding turns of phrase." Kahn, Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), notes that this work is "carefully footnoted."


Fraham, Jill. SIGINT and the Pusan Perimeter. Ft. George G. Meade, MD: National Security Agency, Center for Cryptologic History, 2000. []

"In August 1950, the war in Korea was not going well." The inexperienced soldiers of the the U.S. 8th Army "were trapped by North Koreans in a small corner of South Korea." However, Gen. Walton H. Walker had a secret weapon "that would help save the day: signals intelligence (SIGINT) from the Armed Forces Security Agency (AFSA) and the service cryptologic organizations.... With few other intelligence sources relating to North Korea available, SIGINT proved vital to the U.S. military efforts in the first months and throughout the war." Kruh, Cryptologia 28.2, finds that "[t]his relatively small [18 pages] publication is packed with a lot of information."


Frail, T.A. "Such Intimate Weapons: A Gallery of Unusual Suspects from the Era When Spying Began to Go High-Tech." Washington Post, 31 Jan. 1999, W14. [http://www.]

This article in the Post's magazine section is on H. Keith Melton's collection of espionage equipment. It is accompanied by photographs of some items from Melton's holdings. Those interested in the gadgetry of spying should refer to Melton's OSS Special Weapons and Equipment: Spy Devices of WWII (1991), CIA Special Weapons and Equipment: Spy Devices of the Cold War (1993), and The Ultimate SPY Book (1996).


Frame, John E. [MAJ/USA] "Intelligence Planning in the Digital Division." Military Intelligence 24, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1998): 13-15.

Lessons from the Advanced Warfighting Experiment (AWE), held at Ft. Hood, TX, 5-13 November 1997.


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