Finn - Fir

Finn, Peter (Washington Post).

Finn, T. D'Arcy. "Does Canada Need a Foreign Intelligence Service?" Canadian Foreign Policy 1, no. 3 (Fall 1993): 149-162.


Finn, T. D'Arcy. "Domestic Security and the Canadian Security Intelligence Service." In National Security: Surveillance and Accountability in a Democratic Society, eds. Peter Hanks and John D. McComus, Appendix C, 261-269. Cowansville, Quebec: Les Editions Yvon Blais, 1989.


Finn, T. D'Arcy. "Independent Review Agencies and Accountability." Optimum 24, no. 2 (Autumn 1993): 9-22.


Finnegan, John P. "The Evolution of US Army HUMINT: Intelligence Operations in the Korean War." Studies in Intelligence 55, no. 2 (Jun. 2011): 57-70. Originally published in a classified issue of Studies in Intelligence 44, no. 2 (2000). []

"Within six months, the Army found itself facing two major intelligence disasters.... In response, the Army hastily improvised a clandestine human intelligence (HUMINT) organization, building on a small existing intelligence unit, the Korean Liaison Office (KLO). By the end of the Korean War, the Far East Command (FECOM) had fielded a large Army-controlled clandestine collection apparatus, closely linked with similarly large operations in the fields of partisan and psychological warfare. More important, the Army had begun to take steps to create a permanent and professional HUMINT service that could carry out positive intelligence collection operations."


Finnegan, John Patrick. Lineages comp., Romana Danysh. Military Intelligence. Army Lineage Series. Washington, DC: Center of Military History, United States Army, 1998. []

From the "Preface": "This book attempts to present an organizational history of Military Intelligence" in the U.S. Army "from its beginnings to the present. It makes no pretense at discussing the operational aspects of intelligence in detail.... [T]he book focuses its attention on the Army and necessarily slights the complex interrelationships between Army intelligence and other organizations in the intelligence community." Kruh, Cryptologia 26.2, calls this a "superb volume" that combines a narrative history of U.S. military intelligence with "lineages and heraldic data for 108 military intelligence units.... It is a unique history that belongs in your personal library."

[MI/Army/Overviews; MI/Overviews]

Finnegan, John P. Military Intelligence: A Picture History. Arlington, VA: History Office, U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command, 1985. 2d. ed. Washington, DC: GPO, 1992.

Petersen says that Finnegan's work "contains valuable narrative description of military intelligence developments." To Sexton, the work is a "balanced overview." [Pages 26-32 cover OSS operations; pp. 116-127 are devoted to the Korean War.] FILS 12.4 calls the book a "valuable introductory study of the subject."

[MI/Overviews; GenPostwar/50s/Korea; WWII/OSS/Gen]

Finnegan, John P. "The Union's Blind Eyes: HUMINT in the Civil War." Military Intelligence 15 (Jul.-Sep. 1989): 38-39.


Finnegan, John P. "U.S. Army Counterintelligence in CONUS: The World War I Experience." Military Intelligence 14, No. 1 (Jan. 1988): 19-21.


Finnegan, Terrence J. [COL/USAFR (Ret.)] "The Origins of Modern Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Military Intelligence at the Front, 1914-18." Studies in Intelligence 53, no. 4 (Dec. 2009): 21-34.

"Military intelligence evolved as a significant force" in World War I. "Traditional intelligence methods quickly gave way to a jugggernaut of technological innovation.... Most significantly, aviation defined the role of intelligence in industrial age warfare."


Finnegan, Terrence J. [COL/USAFR (Ret.)] Shooting the Front: Allied Aerial Reconnaissance and Photographic Interpretation on the Western Front -- World War I. Washington, DC: National Defense Intelligence College, 2006.

Boghardt, Studies 51.4 (2007), is enthusiastic about this work: "Shooting the Front is a massive, expertly written and richly illustrated history of British, French and American aerial surveillance on the Western Front. The book's findings are based on meticulous archival research.... Finnegan's prose is precise and clear, and he provides the necessary historical context to make his work accessible to expert and layman alike."

For Titus, Air & Space Power Journal 26.4 (Jul.-Aug. 2012), this work "represents a monumental effort to provide an in-depth examination" of World War I aerial reconnaissance and photographic interpretation, "important but understudied aspects of the air war." This work "iis well written throughout and graced by numerous period photographs, maps, and drawings."


Finney, John W. "Copter Recovers Capsule Ejected by U.S. Satellite." New York Times, 12 Aug. 1960, A1.


Finley, James. "Nobody Likes To Be Surprised: Intelligence Failures." Military Intelligence 20, no. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1994): 15-21.


Firmin, Stanley. They Came to Spy. Lodon: Hutchinson, 1946.

Wilcox: "Account of German espionage in England during World War II."


First Principles. Editors. "House Intelligence Committee Report on Covert Operations in Nicaragua." 8, no. 6 (1983): 1-10. [Petersen]


First Principles. Editors. "The CIA and the U.S. Academic Community: Harvard's Report and Guidelines." 3 (Jun. 1977): 10-11. [Petersen]


Firth, Noel E., and James H. Noren. Soviet Defense Spending: A History of CIA Estimates, 1950-1990. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1998.

Periscope 22.2 sees this as an important work that makes "a major contribution to the ongoing debate over the future of CIA.... This book should bring some balance to the debate." For Bruce C. Clarke, CIRA Newsletter 23.3, Firth and Noren's is "a balanced, comprehensive, and readable account." The work covers "the development and implementation of a complex intelligence analytic process with multiple implications." The authors' discussion of the shortcomings of the process "is done in detail and with the source references required for independent evaluation by other scholars."



Return to F Table of Contents

Return to Alphabetical Table of Contents