Fif - Finm


Figl, Andreas: Systeme des Chiffrierens [Systems of Codemaking]. Graz: Moser, 1926.

H. Roewer: "Col. Figl was head of Austrian Radio Intelligence during WWI and very successful breaking Russian ciphers."


Filby, P. William.

1. "The Best Kept Secret of the Second World War." A.B. Bookman's Weekly 79 (29 Jun. 1987): 2872-2879.

According to Sexton, this article "reviews the story of the breaking of the German ENIGMA cipher system."

2. "Bletchley Park and Berkeley Street." Intelligence and National Security 3, no. 2 (Apr. 1988): 272-284.

The author was a cryptanalyst who worked on diplomatic traffic at both sites during World War II.

3. "Floradora and a Unique Break into One-Time Pad Ciphers." Intelligence and National Security 10, no. 3 (Jul. 1995): 408- 422.

This article is based on the author's memory "without recourse to official papers." According to Filby, Floradora was broken in 1943, not in 1942 as stated in Alastair G. Denniston, "The Government Code and Cypher School Between the Wars," Intelligence and National Security 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1986), p. 56.


Filer, Keith D., and Edward A. Moore. "Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities Program [TENCAP]." Military Intelligence 25, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1999): 30-34.

The authors discuss the Army's TENCAP in some detail .


Filip, Valentin Fernand, and Remus Ioan Stefureac. "The Dilemmas of Linking Romanian Intelligence, Universities, and Think Tanks." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 24, no. 4 (Winter 2011-2012): 711-732.

"Our focus is on the Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI...) and its attempts to reach out to national universities and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Our findings emphasize the difficulties that arise in building an IC-academe-civil society relationship in Romania."


Filipov, David. "The Name Is New, But Fear Remains: Russia's Secret Police Still Dreaded." Boston Globe, 30 Jan. 1999, A2. []

Report on the questioning at the St. Petersburg headquarters of the Federal Security Service (FSB), the successor to the KGB, of Brian Whitmore, an American reporter for the local St. Petersburg Times. Nothing bad happened, but the mere prospect gave rise to apprehensions.


Filkins, Dexter. "Exile With Ties to C.I.A. Is Named Premier of Iraq." New York Times, 29 May 2004. []

Iyad Alawi, head of the Iraqi National Accord, an umbrella organization he set up in 1991 with the help of the U.S. government, was chosen on 28 May 2004 to be Iraq's "interim prime minister when the Americans transfer sovereignty ... on June 30.... As an exile, a member of the American-appointed Iraqi Governing Council and a longstanding recipient of C.I.A. financing, Dr. Alawi is likely to face sharp challenges to his credibility among the Iraqi people."

[CIA/00s/04/Gen; MI/Ops/Iraq]

Filkins, Dexter, Mark Mazzetti, and James Risen. "Brother of Afghan Leader Is Said to Be on C.I.A. Payroll." New York Times, 28 Oct. 2009. []

According to current and former U.S. officials, "Ahmed Wali Karzai, the brother of the Afghan president and a suspected player in the country's booming illegal opium trade, gets regular payments" from the CIA, and "has for much of the past eight years." The CIA pays "Karzai for a variety of services, including helping to recruit an Afghan paramilitary force that operates at the C.I.A.'s direction in and around the southern city of Kandahar.... Ahmed Wali Karzai said in an interview that he cooperated with American civilian and military officials, but did not engage in the drug trade and did not receive payments from the C.I.A."


Filkins, Dexter, and Mark Mazzetti. "Contractors Tied to Effort to Track and Kill Militants." New York Times, 14 Mar. 2010. []

This article quotes "military officials and businessmen in Afghanistan and the United States" for the allegation that Defense Department employee Michael D. Furlong "set up a network of private contractors in Afghanistan and Pakistan to help track and kill suspected militants." The contractors were hired "from private security companies that employed former C.I.A. and Special Forces operatives....

"[S]ome American officials say they became troubled that Mr. Furlong seemed to be running an off-the-books spy operation. The officials say they are not sure who condoned and supervised his work" and that his "secret network might have been improperly financed by diverting money from a program designed to merely gather information about the region.... Officials say Mr. Furlong's operation seems to have been shut down, and he is now is the subject of a criminal investigation by the Defense Department for a number of possible offenses, including contract fraud."


Fillmore, Randolph. "Integrating Open Source Intelligence." Defense Consulting & Outsourcing Online Edition, 22 Aug. 2005. []

If the U.S. government responds to the demands for greater use of open source intelligence (OSINT), "private defense contractors will have to provide more open source intelligence analysis.... Although new and bigger opportunities for companies with unique OSINT capabilities may spike, growth in the outsourced intelligence industry has been rising steadily for some time."


Fineberg, S. Andhill. The Rosenberg Case: Fact and Fiction. New York: Oceana, 1953.


Fineman, Howard, and Tamara Lipper. "Bush's Homeland Shuffle." Newsweek, 17 Jun. 2002, 28-31.


Finer, Jonathan. "Bush Trip Revives Israeli Push for Pardon of Spy." Washington Post, 15 Jan. 2008, A9. []

"[R]ebuffed by President Bill Clinton during the last period of extended negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians," supporters of Jonathan Pollard "are [again] ramping up their campaign for a presidential pardon." Throughout President Bush's visit to Israel last week, Pollard "was on the unofficial agenda." Israel is certain "to raise the issue again during the ongoing U.S.-brokered peace talks with the Palestinians, [and] Pollard's supporters and some outside analysts say circumstances may favor a compromise."


Finer, Jonathan. "Interpreter Pleads Guilty to Taking Data." Washington Post, 11 Jan. 2005, A6. []

On 10 January 2005, Ahmed F. Mehalba, a former civilian interpreter at the U.S. military prison in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, pleaded guilty to "lying to government agents and removing classified documents....

"Mehalba ... was one of four people accused of security breaches at the Guantanamo Bay detention facility.... Ahmad I. Halabi, an Air Force senior airman who had served as an interpreter..., pleaded guilty to four lesser crimes. Army Capt. James Yee, a Muslim chaplain,... was found guilty only of minor administrative charges of adultery and storing pornography on a government computer. And in September, the Army dropped charges against Reserve Col. Jackie Duane Farr, an intelligence officer who was accused of trying to remove classified documents."


Finer, Sydney Wesley. "The Kidnapping of the Lunik." Studies in Intelligence 11, no. 1 (Winter 1967): 33-39.

In this slightly redacted article one of the participants from the Joint Factory Markings Center tells the story of how a touring model of the last-stage Lunik space vehicle was "borrowed" overnight, inspected, photographed, and returned before the Soviets missed it.


Fingar, Thomas. Reducing Uncertainty: Intelligence Analysis and National Security. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011.

Clark comment: The author was the first DDNI for Analysis and Chair of the NIC from May 2005 through December 2008. Peake, Studies 56.1 (Mar. 2012) and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), finds that the author "provides an overall view that compares the conditions of Cold War nation-state analysis with those of today's, in which dynamic situations often involve nonstate actors. Fingar ponders 'the constraints, challenges and opportunities' today's analysts are likely to confront in their careers, illustrating his points with anecdotes from his own experience." This "valuable book ... puts the analyst's role in perspective."


Fink, D. E. "Rescue Helicopters Drawn from Fleet." Aviation Week & Space Technology 112 (5 May 1980): 24-25.


Finlan, Alastair. "Trapped in Dead Ground: U.S. Counter-insurgency Strategy in Iraq." Small Wars and Insurgencies 16, no. 1 (Mar. 2005): 1-21.

[MI/Ops/Iraq/05; MI/SpecOps/00s]

Finlay, Winifred, and Gillian Hancock. Spies and Secret Agents. London: Kaye & Ward, 1977.

Wilcox: "Popular account of spies, secret agents, intelligence."


Finlayson, Andrew R. [COL/USMC (Ret.)]

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