Cus - Cz


Cushman, Jack. "Space Shuttle Explosion Throws Military Programs into Disarray." Defense Week, 3 Feb. 1986, 2-4. [Petersen]


Cushman, John H., Jr. "Panel Describes Long Weakening of Hussein Army." New York Times, 11 Jul. 2004. []

"The Senate's report on prewar intelligence about Iraq, which asserts that warnings about its illicit weapons were largely unfounded and that its ties to Al Qaeda were tenuous, also undermines another justification for the war: that Saddam Hussein's military posed a threat to regional stability and American interests. In a detailed discussion of Iraq's prewar military posture, the report cites a long series of intelligence reports in the decade before the war that described a formerly potent army's spiral of decay under the pressures of economic sanctions and American military pressure."


Cusick, James G. The Other War of 1812: The Patriot War and the American Invasion of Spanish East Florida. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2003. With new Preface. Athens, GA: University Press of Georgia, 2007. [pb]

This is the story of President James Madison's failed covert operation to acquire Spanish West Florida by using George Mathews, a former Georgia governor, to stir up an insurrection in the area. The author focuses on the immediate action and the reasons for it and on the unintended consequences set in motion by Madison's ambitions. In the process, Cusick offers an amended view of Madison as president.


Cuthbert, Norma B., ed. Lincoln and the Baltimore Plot, 1861, from Pinkerton Records and Related Papers. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1949. [Petersen]


Cutler, Richard. Counterspy: Memoirs of a Counterintelligence Officer in World War II and the Cold War. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2004.

According to Periscope 26.1 (2004), the author "describes his career with the super-secret X-2 counterintelligence branch" of OSS and "his postwar counterespionage work with its successor, the War Department's Strategic Services Unit (SSU)." Cutler "provides an insightful overview of OSS operations during the war." He also worked in counterespionage in Berlin in the early postwar years.

OSS Society Newsletter (Winter 2004-2005), says that Cutler "offers a rare firsthand account of the secret war against Hitler and the postwar competition with the Soviets for German intelligence assets." Bath, NIPQ 21.2 (Jun. 2005), comments that "[w]e learn little about counterintelligence tradecraft from the stories Cutler tells about agent handling, but a great deal about the attitudes of the conquered Germans and of life in Berlin in the immediate post-war devastation."

For DKR, AFIO WIN 35-04 (27 Sep. 2004), this is a "remarkable account of espionage during the hot war and the beginning of the Cold War." The author "sets out previously unpublished case histories of double agents in Berlin and gives details of recruitment, missions, methods and the fates that followed from success or failure."

West, IJI&C 19.2 (Summer 2006), finds that the author's "value lies in his matter-of-fact descriptions of his agents, and the successes, failures, he experienced." His "version of the famous CICERO case ... is deeply flawed.... But this episode is a rare example in Cutler's narrative of straying from his own first-hand experience."

To Ruffner, Studies 49.3 (2005), this "is an invigorating account"; it "is not only good reading, but also perhaps the only firsthand account of X-2 operations in Berlin at the dawn of the Cold War. The author provides "an excellent introduction to this confusing period. A keen observer during his travels throughout Europe, he provides insights into life during and after the war and how the local population reacted to the American presence."

[GenPostwar/40s/Gen; WWII/OSS/Indiv]

Cutler, Richard W. "Three Careers, Three Names: Hildegard Beetz, Talented Spy." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 22, no. 3 (Fall 2009): 515-535.

The author was Beetz's "initial case officer" while working for U.S. counterintelligence after World War II. He traces Beetz's career as a spy from its beginning with the German SS's SD and her involvement with the Cianos during the war to her work with the Americans in the 1940s.

[CIA/40s/Gen; WWII/Eur/Ger]

Cutler, Robert. "Intelligence as Foundation for Policy." Studies in Intelligence 3, no. 4 (Fall 1959): 59-71.

"Describes, from the viewpoint of President Eisenhower's Special Assistant for National Security, how the National Security Council and its subordinate boards use current and estimative intelligence in the formulation of policy."

[GenPostwar/Orgs/NSC & Policy/Thru79]

Czajkowski, Anthony F. "Techniques of Domestic Intelligence Collection." Studies in Intelligence 3, no. 1 (Winter 1959): 69-83. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 51-62. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

The focus here is on gathering information from U.S. businesspeople, scientists, and academicians with contacts or who travel in denied areas, and from refugees who have settled in the United States. The article was written while this activity was still handled by Contact Division of the old Office of Operations. There are some good, common-sense thoughts about information elicitation expressed here.



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