Cum - Cur


Cumming, Alfred.

Cummings, Jeanne, and David Rogers. "White House Plans to Launch a Review of Security Threats at U.S. Nuclear Labs." Wall Street Journal, 19 Mar. 1999, A3.


Cummings, Light. "Spanish Espionage in the South during the American Revolution." Southern Studies 19 (1980): 39-49. [Petersen]


Cummings, Richard. "A Diamond Is Forever: Mandela Triumphs, Buthelezi and de Klerk Survive, and ANC on the U.S. Payroll." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 8, no. 2 (Summer 1995): 155-177.

Cummings surveys the U.S. support to elements of the anti-apartheid movement. He gives particular attention to Allard K. Lowenstein's involvement with the CIA in South Africa [see Cummings' The Pied Piper (1985)]. The rise and decline of Buthelezi as a Right wing alternative to the ANC and Mandela's "incredible balancing act" in setting up his government also get comment. There is an element of continuing to blacken Lowenstein's reputation here, as in the earlier book. Cummings clearly has difficulty in understanding the existence and validity of an "anti-communist Left" in the American political spectrum. He has done well to confine his conspiracist innuendo about the deaths of Tom Gervasi and Sam Adams to the footnotes (see fn. 9, pp. 170-171).

[CA/Africa; OtherCountries/SAfrica][c]

Cummings, Richard. The Pied Piper: Allard K. Lowenstein and the Liberal Dream. New York: Grove Press, 1985.

See Hendrik Hertzberg, "The Second Assassination of Allard Lowenstein," New York Review of Books, 10 Oct. 1985, for a review that takes issue with Cummings' linking Lowenstein to the CIA. (Oh, the horror of it all!) See also William H. Chafe, Never Stop Running: Allard Lowenstein and the Struggle to Save American Liberalism (New York: Basic Books, 1993).

[CA/80s; CIA/60s/Subsidies]

Cummings, Richard H.

Cummins, Alex. "Ten Years of Graduate Intelligence Education with a SIGINT Twist." Defense Intelligence Journal 9, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 75-80.

The Joint Military Intelligence College (JMIC) and the NSA Graduate Center offer eligible NSA employees a Master of Science in Strategic Intelligence (MSSI) degree.


Cuneo, Ernest. "What's the Story Behind the CIA and Newsmen Abroad." Human Events 33 (22 Dec. 1973): 8 ff.

Petersen: "Former intelligence officer."


Cunningham, Charles J., Jr. [LTGEN/USAF (Ret)] "Education for Military Intelligence." Defense Intelligence Journal 2, no. 2 (Fall 1993): 123-134.


Cunningham, Cyril. Beaulieu: The Finishing School for Secret Agents, 1941-1945. London: Leo Cooper, 1998. Barnsley, UK: Pen & Sword, 2005.

According to Foot, I&NS 13.2, this book "describes the training schools round Beaulieu Manor, Hampshire, in which SOE tried to explain to its impending agents what a clandestine existence in Nazi-occupied Europe was going to be like.... [It] is a most welcome addition to the literature on SOE." West, IJI&C 12.1, comments that the author "has collected dozens of colorful, tall (and some not so tall) tales to produce a very worthwhile history of SOE's five years in Hampshire."


Cunningham, S.A. "Sam Davis." Confederate Veteran 7 (Dec. 1899): 538-542. []


Curl, Joseph. "Bush Signs Intelligence Orders." Washington Times, 28 Aug. 2004. []

On 27 August, 2004, President Bush signed a executive order granting the DCI "many of the functions" of the proposed national intelligence director. According to a senior administration official, the move gives "the CIA director temporary authority over budgetary issues" at NSA, DIA, and NRO.

Another executive order creates "a new National Counterterrorism Center (NCC) tasked with enhancing information sharing among intelligence agencies." The DCI "will appoint the NCC director, with the approval of the president, and oversee the new agency." See also, Dan Eggen, "Bush Gives CIA Director More Power," Washington Post, 28 Aug. 2004, A1.

[CIA/00s/04/Gen; CIA/DCIs/Gen; DNI/NCTC; Reform/00s/04/Debate]

Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press.

Currer-Briggs, Noel. "Some of Ultra's Poor Relations in Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily and Italy." Intelligence and National Security 2, no. 2 (Apr. 1987): 274-290.

The author worked on breaking "German double-Playfair military, SS and police hand-ciphers" at both Bletchley Park and in the Mediterranean theater of operations from the autumn of 1941 to the summer of 1944. The article is based on personal recollections; there are no footnotes.

[Sexton misspells the author's name as "Currier-Briggs" and misdescribes the article as involving "an American Sigint unit in the Mediterranean in 1942-1943."]



Currier, Prescott. "My 'Purple' Trip to England in 1941." Cryptologia 20, no. 3 (Jul. 1996): 193-201.

The author was a member of the team that traveled, Purple machine in hand, to GC&CS at Bletchley Park in January 1941. He argues that the trip was a great success: "Even though we did not in fact bring back an Enigma, we brought back all the information we really wanted and there was never any question that anyone was holding anything from us."


Curry, Jack C. The Security Service, 1908-1945: The Official History. London: Public Record Office, 1999.

West, The Spectator, 2 Oct. 1999, notes that this work was written at the end of World War II and only now has been declassified and released to the PRO. Curry prepared "a comprehensive history tracing MI5's origins back to before the first world war.... [This] is a candid chronology of MI5's inability to cope with German spies before the second world war, and Soviet spies generally."


Curry, Richard O. "The Union as It Was: A Critique of Recent Interpretations of the 'Copperheads.'" Civil War History 13 (1967): 25-39.


Curry, Richard O., and F. Gerald Ham. "The Bushwhackers' War: Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency in West Virginia." Civil War History 10, no. 4 (Dec. 1964): 416-433.

By early September 1861, northwestern Virginia was in Union hands, but "guerrilla bands were fashioning an indigenous resistance movement" that would challenge Union control. "[T]he war in western Virginia changed into a bitter internecine struggle in which guerrilla tactics were ingeniously devised and brilliantly executed."

The article ties together contemporaneous reports with narrative to follow this war within a war. In the end, the authors conclude that "the real military and political advantages gained by the Confederacy in waging guerrilla war were minimal." The Union forces retained control of the main lines of communication and elections went forward in furtherance of the statehood movement.


Curtis, Glenn, and Jim Nichol, Annotated Bibliography of Psychological Operations: A Report Prepared under an Interagency Agreement by the Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Washington, DC: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, Jan 1989.

From "Introduction": This "bibliography contains over 300 citations of articles and mongraphs on the topic of psychological operations, disinformation, propaganda, and active measures."

[CA/PsyOps; RefMats/Topics/PsyOps]

Curts, Bob. "U.S. Grant Goes to Shiloh: More Thoughts on Warning and Surprise." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 5, no. 1 (Winter 1989): 5-8.


Curts, Bob. "A Warning That Worked: The British Foil Napoleon's Grab for Three Fleets." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 9, no. 2 (Apr. 1993): 9-12.


Curts, Bob. "Was Admiral Layton Too Hard on Himself? Some Thoughts on Warning and Surprise." Naval Intelligence Professionals Quarterly 3, no. 3 (1987): 4-5.


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