Crox - Crz


Crozier, Brian.

Brian Rossiter Crozier, born Kuridala, Queensland, Australia, 4 August 1918, died 4 August 2012. Chris Belllamy, "Brian Crozier: Intelligence and Security Expert Who Fought Communism and Founded His Own Spy Network," The Independent, 13 Aug. 2012.

1. Free Agent: The Unseen War, 1941-1991. London: HarperCollins, 1993.

2. The KGB Lawsuits. London: Claridge Press, 1995.

Crozier, Brian. The Rebels: A Study of Post-War Insurrections. London: Chatto & Windus, 1960.


Cruickshank, Charles G. Deception in World War II. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

According to Pforzheimer, this book presents an outline of Allied deception operations in Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East. It is "useful and well-written," but is "by no means the last word on the subject." Constantinides notes that some of the author's assessments of the success or failure and the contributions of the war's deception efforts "will be contested," because he "has not developed sufficient support or evidence."


Cruickshank, Charles G. The Fourth Arm: Psychological Warfare, 1938-1945. London: Davis-Poynter, 1977. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981. [pb]

Curtis and Nichol, Annotated Bibliography (1989): This work deals with PWE activities in World War II, "emphasizing organization and function, policy, intelligence operations, themes, techniques, special targets and propaganda in military operations, and the effect of such campaigns. D-Day as a major example."


Cruickshank, Charles G.

Neville Wylie, "Introduction: Special Operations Executive -- New Approaches and Perspectives," Intelligence and National Security 20, no.1 (Mar. 2005), comments that these two "more 'popular' official histories of SOE ... are generally considered disappointing."

1. SOE in the Far East. London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

According to Rasor, The China-Burma-India Campaign, 1931-1945 (1998), p. 140, this is the "official history of British clandestine operations in China, India, Burma, Indochina, Malaya, Thailand, and Indonesia; included psychological warfare and freeing POWs." Seaman, I&NS 20.1 (Mar. 2005), 33, calls this "official" history "a worthy, if workmanlike, book."

2. SOE in Scandinavia. London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Foot, I&NS 21, judges this work to be "disappointing reading." The author "has hardly used any books in Scandinavian languages. This has shut him off from a mass of relevant material, ... and necessarily makes his account incomplete." Norwegian historian Olaf Riste, Times (London), 10 Jun. 1986 [cited in Seaman, I&NS 20.1 (Mar. 2005), 35], described this work as "a haphazard collection of cloak and dagger stories that are often seriously at varience with the painstakingly researched studies already available."

Crumpton, Henry A. The Art of Intelligence: Lessons from a Life in the CIA's Clandestine Service. New York: Penguin, 2012.

Finn, Washington Post, 25 May 2012, says that this "is a lively account" of Crumpton's "24-year career in the CIA that charts one of the most significant legacies of the past decade of warfare: the rise of drones." The book "combines the derring-do of old-fashioned spycraft with thoughtful meditations on the future of warfare and intelligence work." For Peake, Studies 56.2 (Jun. 2012), the author "is forthright in his insights regarding the successes and challenges associated with executive branch poliicies, his CIA colleagues, and Agency management and politics.... [H]e adds a perspective seldom found in a career memoir."

Hedley, IJI&C 26.2 (Summer 2013), notes that Crumpton "relates his own real-life experiences, providing detailed, understandable examples of each element of clandestine operations." He provides "vivid stories illustrating tradecraft and undercover operations." However, the work "can be faulted for becoming mostly about Afghanistan." However, even there his "direct, senior-level involvement" in U.S. counterterrorism earns him "the benefit of the doubt." To Goulden, Washington Times, 20 Jun. 2012, and Intelligencer 19.2 (Summer-Fall 2012), this is a book he can recommend as a "must-read for current ans aspiring intelligence officers."


Cruz, Arturo, Jr. Memoirs of a Counterrevolutionary: Life with the Contras, the Sandinistas, and the CIA. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1989.

Surveillant 1.1 identifies Cruz as a "revolutionary and an important advisor in the Sandinista movement who later became a key player in the Contra resistance. [His] unique position gives him insights into America's role in Central America."


Cruz-Rivera, Victor [1stSgt/USA]. "Training the Intelligence BOS: An NCO's Perspective." Military Intelligence 21, no. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1995): 8-9.


Cryptolog. Editors. "U.S. Army Radio Intelligence Section: A Brief History." 15, no. 4 (Summer 1994): 6.

"From a declassified U.S. Army document."


Cryptologia. Editors. "From the Archives: The Achievements of the Cipher Bureau (MI-8) during the First World War. Documents by Major Herbert O. Yardley Prepared Under the Direction of the Chief Signal Officer, 25 May 1945, SPSIS-1. Signal Security Agency. Washington, DC." 8, no. 1 (1984): 62-74. [Petersen]


Cryptologia. Editors. "From the Archives: Compromise of a Navy Code." 13, no. 4 (Oct. 1989): 378-381.

Cryptologia. Editors. "From the Archives: Examples of Intelligence Obtained from Cryptanalysis, 1 August 1946." 7, no. 4 (1983): 315-325. [Petersen]


Cryptologia. Editors. "From the Archives: Statement for Record of Participation of Brig. Gen. Carter W. Clarke, GSC in the Transmittal of Letters from Gen. George C. Marshall to Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, the Latter Part of September, 1944." 7, no. 2 (1983): 119-128. [Petersen]


Cryptologia. Editors. "From the Archives. Subject: Codes and Ciphers for Combined Air-Amphibian Operations." 8, no. 2 (Apr. 1984): 181-186.

Petersen: "Coordinating cipher material for the Allied invasion of France."


Cryptologia. Editors. "OSS Cryptographic Plan." 13, no. 3 (Jul. 1989): 283-287.

Petersen: "1945 U.S. Army staff study obtained under FOIA."


Cryptologic Spectrum [author's name redacted]. "National Intelligence Warning: The Alert Memorandum." 11, no. 1 (Winter 1981): 13-15.

The purpose of the Alert Memorandum (AM) "is to provide explicit warning of possible developments abroad which are of major concern to the United States. It is an interagency publication issued by the DCI on behalf of the Community. The AM focuses on specific information extracted from all intelligence sources, and delineates potential implications for consideration by national policymakers."


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