Crb - Cris


Cremeans, Charles D. "The Agency and the Future." Studies in Intelligence 14, no. 1 (Spring 1970): 77-87.

A look into the future from the perspective of 1970.


Cremeans, Charles D. "Basic Psychology for Intelligence Analysts." Studies in Intelligence 15, no. 1 (Winter 1971): 109-114. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 232-237. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Cremeans' focus is the psychology that analysts need to understand about themselves and their colleagues in order to be effective within the analytic culture. The article is amusing and contains some insights that those not particularly knowledgeable in the peculiar bureaucratic culture of intelligence analysis undoubtedly will think are more important than they are.


Crenshaw, Martha. "Counterterrorism Policy and the Political Process." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 24, no. 5 (Sep.-Oct. 2001): 329-337.


Crenshaw, Martha. "The Psychology of Terrorism: An Agenda for the 21st Century." Political Psychology 21, no. 2 (Jun. 2000): 405-420.


Crenshaw, Martha, ed. Terrorism in Context. State College, PA: Penn State University Press, 1995.

Crenshaw, Martha, and John Pimlott, eds. 3 vols. Encyclopedia of World Terrorism. Armonk, NY: Sharpe, 1997.


Creswell, Julie. "The Trials of Tenet." Fortune, 27 Oct. 2003, 50.

"Everyone at the agency, from Tenet on down, was appalled at the 'outing' of ... Valerie Plame, who worked on proliferation issues as a so-called NOC.... But amid all hell breaking loose in this, an important political year, agency insiders say both the President and Tenet are being grownups about the Plame controversy.... Given that, rumors that Tenet is not long for the world are probably wrong: He's unlikely to resign anytime soon, despite what everyone around him acknowledges is a burnout pace.

"Tenet, however, is upset at the House Intelligence Committee, which in a Sept. 25 letter to the agency engaged in some frank Monday-morning quarterbacking about prewar intelligence in Iraq.... Clearly annoyed, Tenet fired back in a letter of his own..., calling the committee's criticisms at best premature, and at worst completely wrong."


Crickmore, Paul F. SR-71 Blackbird: Lockheed's Mach 3 Hot Shot. London: Osprey, 1987. Lockheed SR-71: The Secret Missions Exposed. Rev. ed. London: Osprey, 1997, 2000.

The 1997 edition is a large format book with many black-and-white photographs. The dust cover states "In Celebration of the 50th Anniversary, USAF 1997" and "New Edition, 40 extra pages."


Crile, George. Charlie Wilson's War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History. New York: Atlantic Monthly, 2003. My Enemy's Enemy: The Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History: The Arming of the Mujahideen by the CIA. London: Atlantic Books, 2003. 2004 [pb]

According to Lippman, Washington Post, 1 Jun. 2003, Charlie Wilson (D-TX) "used his power as chairman of a key [House] appropriations subcommittee to bully the CIA into providing a massive supply of weapons to the Afghan mujaheddin ... in the 1980s." The reviewer finds this "a rousing tale of jihad on the frontiers of the Cold War, infighting at the CIA and horse-trading in Congress, spiced by sex, booze, ambition and larger-than-life personalities.... The events are dramatic, and the characters are colorful, but there are wide gaps in the narrative, which fails to provide any contemporary context and leaves critical questions unanswered."

Peake, Studies 48.4 (2004), finds that the author "has told a good story well. It is a wonderful reading experience." Warren, Intelligencer 14.2 (Winter-Spring 2005), counters that this work is a "mishmash" that "is hardly believable" and "barely readable." The author "was fed much misinformation that he apparently accepted at face value." In addition, "Crile's characterizations of Agency officials, inlcuding Bill Casey, ring false in almost every instance." To Milowicki, NWCR 62.1 (Winter 2009), the author shows a "penchant for bringing a complex story to the reader in an evocative, entertaining, and compelling way."

The other hero in Crile's version of U.S. support for the Afghan mujaheddin was the CIA's Gust L. Avrakotos, who died on 1 December 2005. See Patricia Sullivan, "CIA Agent Gust L. Avrakotos Dies at Age 67," Washington Post, 25 Dec. 2005, C8.


Crile, George, 3d. "The Fourth Estate: A Good Word for the CIA." Harper's, Jan. 1976, 28-30ff. [Petersen]


Cripps, John. "Mihailovic or Tito? How the Codebreakers Helped Churchill Choose." In Action This Day: Bletchley Park from the Breaking of the Enigma Code to the Birth of the Modern Computer, eds. Ralph Erskine and Michael Smith, 237-263, 492-496. London and New York: Bantam, 2001.


Crist, David B. "Joint Special Operations in Support of Earnest Will." Joint Force Quarterly 29 (Autumn-Winter 2001-2002): 15-22.

In 1987-1988, during the Iran-Iraq war, the United States formed "a joint special operations task force ... [that] engaged in a daily struggle with Iranian small boats and mine layers for control of the sealanes in the channelized area north of Bahrain."


Crist, David. The Twilight War: The Secret History of America's Thirty-Year Conflict with Iran. New York: Penguin, 2012.

Sadjadpour, NYT, 30 Jul. 2012, says that the author's "painstakingly researched and elegantly written account of the United States-Iran cold war.". The book "stands out for its focus on the troubled relationship's military context." Nevertheless, "Crist's chapter on George W. Bush's presidency lacks some of the nuance of previous chapters. And he sometimes makes peculiar assertions about Iranian domestic politics." For Peake, Studies 57.1 (Mar. 2013), and Intelligencer 20.1 (Spring-Summer 2013), the author "provides a fine account of US Iranian relations since 1979."

[OtherCountries/Iran/Since 1979]

Cristol, A. Jay. The Liberty Incident: The Israeli Attack on the U.S. Navy Spy Ship. Washington, DC: Brassey's, 2002.

Jonkers, AFIO WIN 25-02 (24 Jun. 2002), notes that Cristol, "a reputable former naval aviator and esteemed federal judge, spent ten years investigating the incident and concluded that the attack was a tragic mistake by the Israelis.... [He] argues that the Israeli attack must be seen in the context of war and the chaos of the operational environment.... [This] book is a legitimate part of the literature to be examined on this question."

For Brecher, Miami Herald, 15 Jul. 2002, this work is "a painstakingly detailed and footnoted account distilled from thousands of U.S. and Israeli documents and interviews with key military and civilian figures from both nations." Cohen, FA 81.6 (Nov.-Dec. 2002), concludes that "for those readers of a rational turn of mind, this book ends the debate" over whether the attack was an overt act or a mistake. Although Tobin, Proceedings 128.8 (Aug. 2002), does not agree with Cristol's conclusion that the attack was an unfortunate accident, he still finds that the author's research is "rigorous and extensive," and calls the book "a superb reference."

Kane, Air & Space Power Journal, Spring 2004, sees this work as "probably the most comprehensive and unbiased account" of this tragic event. "Through his careful, detailed, documented, and objective analysis..., the author persuasively counters the conspiracy theories and tales." Similarly, Brooks, NIPQ 18.4, calls the book "an exquisitely researched and articulately presented analysis of the events surrounding the attack." The author "makes a compelling case that the attack ... was a product of the fog of war.... Any objective reader will be left totally persuaded that it was an unfortunate accident."

A more negative take comes from Ennes, Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Jun.-Jul. 2002, who comments that Liberty "[s]urvivors see it as a flawed work, packed with evasions and misleading statements. Cristol seems to accept at face value all the arguments that support his case, while he nitpicks, dismisses and ignores entirely the eyewitness reports of survivors and other supporting evidence." Walsh, Proceedings 129.6 (Jun. 2003), also focuses on refuting Cristol's conclusions.


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