Cra - Cral


Crabb, Cecil V., Jr., and Kevin V. Mulcahy. American National Security: A Presidential Perspective. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1991.

Clark comment: Having used this title as an ancillary text in my National Security Policy Issues course, I obviously agree with Valcourt, IJI&C 4.3, that this is "a valuable text for undergraduate students taking a course in national security policymaking."


Crabb, Cecil V., Jr., and Kevin V. Mulcahy. "The National Security Council and the Shaping of U.S. Foreign Policy." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 3, no. 2 (1989): 153-168.


Crabb, Cecil V., Jr., and Kevin V. Mulcahy. Presidents and Foreign Policy Making: FDR to Reagan. Baton Rouge, LA: LSU Press, 1986.

Grose, FA 66 (Summer 1987), sees this as "a very competent synthesis of the bulk of published commentary on one of the most heavily studied subjects in American politics, a fine introduction for the layman and reference for experienced scholars and practitioners."


Crabb, Cecil V., Jr., and Pat M. Holt. Invitation to Struggle: Congress, the President and Foreign Policy. 2d ed. Washington, DC: CQ, 1984. 4th ed. 1992.

See especially Chapter 6 with regard to Congress and congressional oversight.

[GenPostwar/Issues/Policy/80s; Oversight/To90s]

Cracknell, David. "MI5 'Usurped' Ministers in Spy Scandal." Telegraph (London), 9 Apr. 2000. []

"The parliamentary committee that oversees Britain's intelligence and security services has strongly criticised MI5 for 'usurping' the role of ministers in deciding not to prosecute Melita Norwood."


Cracknell. David. "Secret Spy Committee of Whitehall Mandarins." Telegraph (London), 19 Sep. 1999. []

"A secret, high-level committee was formed in 1996 to look at how to 'handle' the disclosures in the Mitrokhin archive.... It is understood to have included senior officials from the Home Office, Cabinet Office, Foreign Office and the security service. But the committee ... never gave any regular reports to ministers, and it was up to the discretion of the officials involved to tell their respective ministers what the conclusions were. The revelation of the committee's existence and its sensitive subject matter suggests that knowledge of the existence of British KGB agents was more widespread in Whitehall than previously thought."


Cradock, Percy [Sir]. Know Your Enemy: How the Joint Intelligence Committee Saw the World. London: John Murray, 2002.

Addison, History Today, 52.7, finds that the author, a former JIC chairman, "has written a sober and persuasive analysis" of the JIC's "less than infallible performance during a number of post-war crises.... But the Cold War is the main theme and, as he demonstrates, the JIC's advice was consistently sane and a calming influence during periods of tension."

For Unsinger, NIPQ 19.1/2, this "[i]nteresting and enlightening" book is "thoroughly researched and well-written." Similarly, Cohen, FA 81.3 (May-Jun. 2002), declares Know Your Enemy "interesting and thoughtful.... The author's discussion of the relationship between intelligence estimates and policymaking is particularly well done." To Morrison, I&NS 17.4, Cradock had "one of the finest analytical minds ever applied in the UK to the problems of intelligence." The chapter in this book on "Intelligence and Policy" is "essential reading for any student or practitioner of intelligence, and especially for those who have unrealistic ideas of what intelligence can achieve."

West, IJI&C 16.1, notes that "Cradock's treatment of the JIC's declassified files is excellent and largely fair," but "he strays when reaching beyond the Cabinet Office to areas where his personal experience is limited.... The tone is mildly critical of politicians, perhaps even slightly anti-American, and emphatically self-congratulatory about the JIC structure."

[GenPostwar/CW; UK/Postwar]

Cragon, Harvey G. From Fish to Colossus: How the German Lorenz Cipher Was Broken at Bletchley Park. Dallas, TX: Cragon Books, 2003.

Kruh, Cryptologia 28.1, says that Cragon "thoroughly details the breaking of Fish.... The author credits individuals for their contributions but mainly focuses on the electronic designs and details that led to success."


Craig, Bruce. "A Matter of Espionage: Alger Hiss, Harry Dexter White and Igor Gouzenko -- The Canadian Connection Reassessed." Intelligence and National Security 15, no. 2 (Summer 2000): 211-224.

Abstract: Craig argues that Igor Gouzenko "did not possess a shread of evidence ... that implicated Harry Dexter White in the Soviet [espionage] conspiracy.... Gouzenko's revelations have no relevance or bearing on the espionage case relating to White."

[Canada/Gouzenko; SpyCases/U.S./Hiss&Gen]

Craig, Campbell, and Sergey Radchenko. The Atomic Bomb and the Origins of the Cold War. New Haven, CT: Yale Unoversity Press, 2008.

According to Freedman, FA 88.1 (Jan.-Feb. 2009), the authors "argue that without the bomb, it might have been possible for the United States and the Soviet Union to pursue a cooperative relationship.... Unfortunately, the evidence for this in the book is less than compelling, especially from the Soviet side." Grant, I&NS 26.2&# (Apr.-Jun. 2011), sees this as "an illuminating contribution to the historiography of the unravelling of the wartime alliance..., but more importantly it is convincing in its portrayal of a process which ensured that said unravelling became actual antagonism."


Craig, J.P., et. al. A Brief Story of the G-2 Section, GHQ, SWPA and Affiliated Units. Tokyo: U.S. Army Far East Command, 1948. [Petersen]


Craig, Neville B., ed. Memoirs of Major Robert Stobo of the Virginia Regiment. Pittsburgh: Davidson, 1854.


Craig, R. Bruce. Treasonable Doubt: The Harry Dexter White Case. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 2004.

According to DKR, AFIO WIN 19-04 (7 Jun. 2004), the author "seeks to show that Harry Dexter White, who spied for the Soviets, was at the same time an honorable man.... Craig's book is likely to strike at least some readers as intellectually dishonest.... Craig ignores ... mischief wrought by White.... Some may agree that the publication of Craig's whitewash by what has been thought of as a reputable university press raises troubling questions about the intellectual integrity of at least parts of American academia."

Van Hook, Studies 49.1 (2005), says that this work "offers an important contribution to the often-polemical literature on the problem of Soviet espionage in the United States.... Despite the less than robust treatment of the VENONA material, a missed opportunity to paint a broader social picture, and the rather melodramatic representation that the FBI and HUAC unfairly persecuted White in the final years of his life, the author's otherwise even-handed treatment ... is well founded and welcome."


Craig, Tony. "Sabotage! The Origins, Development and Impact of the IRA's Intrastructural Bombing Campaigns 1939-1997." Intelligence and National Security 25, no. 3 (Jun. 2010): 309-326.

The author looks at the IRA's bombings in Britain in 1939-1940, the PIRA bombings in Northern Ireland in 1971, and the intercepted operation against London in 1996.


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