Ray Cline

In a lengthy and distinguished career in U.S intelligence, Cline served, among other assignments, as CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence (DDI) and head of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR).

Cline, Ray S. "Covert Action as Presidential Prerogative." Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 12, no. 2 (Spring 1989): 357-369.

[CA/Gen/80s; Overviews/Legal]

Cline, Ray S. "Covert Action Is Needed for United States Security." In Conflict in American Foreign Policy, eds D. Mansfield and G. Buckley, 72- 77. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1985. [Petersen]


Cline, Ray S. "The Cuban Missile Crisis." Foreign Affairs 68, no. 4 (Fall 1989): 190-196.


Cline, Ray S. "Intelligence." In Encyclopedia of the American Military, 1297-1338. New York: Scribner's, 1994.


Cline, Ray S. "Intelligence Activities Across the Board." Foreign Intelligence Literary Scene 9, no. 4 (1990): 7.


Cline, Ray S. "The Intelligence Community." In Mandate for Leadership III: Policy Strategies for the 1990s, eds. Charles L. Heatherly and Burton Yale Pines. Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation, 1989. [Petersen]


Cline, Ray S. "Intelligence: The Problem of Accurate Assessment." In Foreign Policy and U.S. National Security, ed. William W. Whitson. New York: Praeger, 1976. [Petersen]


Cline, Ray S. "Is Intelligence Over-Coordinated?" Studies in Intelligence 1, no. 4 (Fall 1957): 11-18.

In the intelligence community, it "has not been the operational conduct of business or the anaytical procedures followed by the intelligence agencies" that have been coordinated tirelessly, "but purely their verbal product in the form of written reports and estimates."

[Analysis/Gen; GenPostwar/50s/Gen]

Cline, Ray S. "OSS: The History of an Idea." Manuscript from the National Archives, Military Projects Branch, 7 Sep. 1945.


Cline, Ray S. "Policy Without Intelligence." Foreign Policy 17 (Winter 1974-1975): 121-135.


Cline, Ray S.

1. Secrets, Spies, and Scholars: Blueprint of the Essential CIA. Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1976.

Clark comment: Cline is a former CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence (DDI) and head of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR). This original version of Cline's work has been revised and reissued twice under different titles. See below. Constantinides notes that Cline's background certainly gave him the "authority and first-hand experience" to write about his subject matter. There is, however, "a slip here and there along with an occasional debatable judgment."

2. The CIA Under Reagan, Bush, and Casey: The Evolution of the Agency from Roosevelt to Reagan. Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1981.

This is the first revision of Secrets, Spies, & Scholars.

3. The CIA: Reality vs. Myth. Washington, DC: Acropolis Books, 1982.

Pforzheimer says that this book is the same as the 1981 revision after page 22, although the title is changed. Cline writes "with authority, understanding, and clarity" about intelligence production and analysis. He "does not include President Reagan's Executive Orders on Intelligence."


Cline, Ray S.

1. "Technology and Intelligence." Terrorism 10, no. 3 (1987): 253-255. [Petersen]

2. "Terrorism: Seedbed for Soviet Influence." Midstream 26 (May 1980): 5-8. [Petersen]

4. And Yonah Alexander. Terrorism: The Soviet Connection. New York: Crane, Russak, 1984.

3. And Yonah Alexander. Terrorism as State-Sponsored Covert Warfare. Fairfax, VA: Hero, 1986.


Cline, Ray S., and Richard Larkin. Covert Action and the Nation's Security. Washington, DC: Hale Foundation, n.d.


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