Clifford, Clark M., with Richard C. Holbrooke. Counsel to the President: A Memoir. New York: Random House, 1991.

According to Surveillant 1.6, Clifford "provides a glimpse at the formation of the CIG, CIA, and the National Security Act of 1947." Lowenthal notes that the memoir includes Clifford's "view of what Truman had in mind in creating the CIA."


Clift, A. Denis. "The Five-Legged Calf: Bringing Intelligence to the National Security Debate." American Intelligence Journal 11, no. 1 (1989-1990): 24-30.


Clift, A. Denis. "From Semaphore to Predator: Intelligence in the Internet Era." Studies in Intelligence 47, no. 3 (2003): 73-79.

"The Internet era brings an on-rush of changes, both revolutionary and subtle, to the work of intelligence -- changes in the doctrine and practice of collection, analysis, and dissemination; and changes in the mindsets and relationships between intelligence and law enforcement, intelligence and the policymaker, and intelligence and the military commander."


Clift, Arthur Denis.  Intelligence and the Nation's Security. Washington, DC: Joint Military Intelligence College, 2000. Clift Notes: Intelligence and National Security. 2d ed. Washington, DC: Joint Military Intelligence College, 2003.

Seymour: finds that this work "[o]ffers essays examining the 'origins, evolution, and structure of intelligence in America.'" With regard to the second edition, Peake, Studies 48.4 (2004), comments that the 22 essays here "are a mix of personal experience and history, each designed to make a point.... These essays are not editorials or think pieces. Each is anchored with references to the literature of intelligence.... There is a rich and interesting mix here, with value for all."


Clift, A. Denis. "Intelligence Education for Joint Warfighting." Defense Intelligence Journal 8, no. 2 (1999): 111-119.

In June 1998, the Joint Military Intelligence College (JMIC) added the Bachelor of Science in Intelligence (BSI) degree to its existing Master of Science of Strategic Intelligence (MSSI) degree.


Clift, A. Denis. "National Security and National Competitiveness: Open Source Solutions." American Intelligence Journal 14, nos. 2 & 3 (Spring-Summer 1993): 25-28.

Chief of Staff, DIA, from July 1991.

[GenPostwar/Econ/Govt; OpenSource]

Clift, A. Denis. "The Play of Intelligence: With Presidents at the Summit." Defense Intelligence Journal 11, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 105-115.

Remarks by the President of the Joint Military Intelligence College at the University of Virginia's Miller Center, 30 April 2001.


Clift, A. Denis. "Ringside at the Missile Crisis." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 138, no. 10 (Oct. 2012): 56-62.

The author draws on former CNO Adm. George W. Anderson's oral memoirs for some thoughts about the Cuban Missile Crisis.


Clift, A. Denis. "Through the Prism of National Security: The Challenge of Intelligence Sharing." Defense Intelligence Journal 11, no. 1 (Winter 2002): 97-104.

Remarks by the President of the Joint Military Intelligence College at the Kennedy School, Harvard University, 27 August 2001.


Cline, Lawrence E. "Operational Intelligence in Peace Enforcement and Stability Operations." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15, no. 2 (Summer 2002): 179-194.

"Significant advances have emerged in intelligence support for [multinational] stability operations.... Importantly, the release of information to other countries ... has ... become easier." Although difficulties still exist, "perhaps the major improvement in intelligence support for stability operations has been the recognition and acceptance of the importance of intelligence in these missions."


Cline, Lawrence E. "Special Operations and the Intelligence System." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 18, no. 4 (Winter 2005-2006): 575-592.

"Given the complexity of special operations missions and their significance, special operations forces are voracious consumers of intelligence." Special operations forces (SOF) also "can be major producers of intelligence.... The biggest stumbling block to improving intelligence support to SOF, and to maximizing SOF's contribution to the overall intelligence structure, is the distribution system."


Cline, Marjorie W., ed. Teaching Intelligence in the Mid-1980s: A Survey of College and University Courses on the Subject of Intelligence. Washington, DC: National Intelligence Study Center, 1985.

Updated by Fontaine, Teaching Intelligence in the Mid-1990s.


Cline, Marjorie W., Carla E. Christianson, and Judith M. Fontaine, eds. Scholar's Guide to Intelligence Literature: Bibliography of the Russell J. Bowen Collection in the Joseph Mark Lauinger Memorial Library, Georgetown University. Washington, DC: National Intelligence Study Center 1983. Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1983.

Clark comment: This work contains about 5,000 entries organized by subject and indexed by author but without annotations. Lowenthal finds it "[m]ore useful for the 19th century and the 20th century prior to 1947," while Sexton refers to it as an "invaluable source." See also Digital Bibliography of the Russell J. Bowen Collection.


Cline, Mary Ann. "The Growing Importance of the Intelligence Community in Information Warfare." Defense Intelligence Journal 5, no. 1 (Spring 1996): 83-86.


Cline, Ray.

Clines, Francis X. "CIA Officer Says His Briefings for Huang Were Simply Routine." New York Times, 17 Jul. 1997, A1, A24.


Clines, Francis X. "Ex-White House Aide Tells of Pressure Over Donor." New York Times, 18 Sep. 1997, A1, A16.

Sheila Heslin, a former White House national security adviser, told Senate investigators on 17 September that "officials of the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Energy and the Democratic Party lobbied heavily to make sure that Roger E. Tamraz, a big-money campaign contributor and controversial oil promoter, obtained an audience with President Clinton despite warnings that he had a 'shady and untrustworthy reputation.'... [U]nsolicited calls to Ms. Heslin in behalf of Mr. Tamraz came from a C.I.A. official identified only as Bob."


Clines, Francis X. "Fie! Enough Mud Slung at Bob and the CIA." New York Times, 23 Sep. 1997, A25.


Clines, Francis X. "Navy SEALs Trade Secrecy for Swagger." New York Times, 6 Nov. 2014. []

"A furious Navy command is asking whatever happened to the professionalism and tight secrecy of SEAL Team Six.... One of the former SEALs has been working as a paid motivational speaker and routinely discusses the raid during his gigs. Now that SEAL, Robert O’Neill, is reportedly ready to out himself in a forthcoming Fox News interview as the actual triggerman who slew the terrorist mastermind of 9/11. Another veteran of the SEAL team, Matt Bissonette, is publishing a second tell-all book even as the Pentagon and Justice Department investigate whether he disclosed classified information in his first best seller."

[MI/Navy/SpecOps; MI/SpecOps/10s/14]

[Clinton, William J.] "Statement on Signing the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, 6 Dec. 1999, 2512-2513.

Statement dated 3 December 1999 on signing into law H.R. 1555 (Public Law No. 106-120).


[Clinton, William J.] "Text of President Clinton's Address to the US Intelligence Community at the Central Intelligence Agency's Headquarters, July 14, 1995." What's News at CIA, 17 Jul. 1995, 1-4. [Entire edition] American Intelligence Journal 16, no. 1 (Spring-Summer 1995): 15-17.


Clive, Keith P. "The Battle of the Seals." Cryptologia 26, no. 2 (Apr. 2002): 103-112.

The author discusses the histories of the seals of NSA and the Central Security Service (CSS). A brief description of CSS and its Deputy Chief (the Chief is DIRNSA) is also provided.


Clive, Nigel. A Greek Experience: 1943-48. Norwich, UK: Michael Russell, 1985.

See Richard Clogg, "Nigel Clive: Intelligence Officer Whose Memoirs Preceded Spycatcher," The Guardian, 17 May 2001, for Clive's obituary. "In December 1943, under the pseudonym Jim Russell,... Captain Clive was parachuted into Epirus in north-westem Greece" by MI6. "After the war, Clive continued to serve in Greece until 1948. Subsequent postings with SIS,... included Jerusalem, Baghdad, Tunis and Algiers. Between 1966 and 1969, he headed the information research department, the Foreign Office's propaganda arm during the cold war. His last posting, between 1970 and 1980, was as adviser to the OECD secretary-general."

[UK/WWII/Services/MI6 & Med]

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