L - Z

Clark, Mark T., and Brian Janiskee. "Developing STORM, a Methodology for Evaluating Transit Routes of Transnational Terrorists and Criminals." Studies in Intelligence 53, no. 4 (Dec. 2009): 35-42.

The authors discuss conducting an NSA Institute for Analysis (IFA) "challenge project" by a Califonia State University consortium.


Clark, Michael T. "Economic Espionage: The Role of the United States Intelligence Community." Journal of International Legal Studies 3, no. 2 (Summer 1997): 253-292.

[GenPostwar/Econ; Overviews/Legal/Internatl]

Clark, Robert M. Intelligence Analysis: Estimation and Prediction. Baltimore, MD: American Literary Press, 1996.


Clark, Robert M. Intelligence Analysis: A Target-Centric Approach. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2004. 2d ed., 2007. 3d ed., 2010.

Wirtz, IJI&C 18.4 (Winter 2005-2006), finds the author "has written a wonderfully concise handbook for intelligence analysts." This work is "not for the novice," but "is of great interest to scholars because it describes both the strengths and limitations of the wide variety of analytic techniques used to understand and predict social, military, and political phenomena."

To Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), this work "is a fine treatment of contemporary analytic tradecraft that makes clear why the analyst has one of the toughest jobs in the profession." However, commenting on the 3d edition, Peake, Studies 54.4 (Dec. 2010), and Intelligencer 18.2 (Winter-Spring 2011), is "left wondering just how the various approaches discussed are actually applied to a real-world situation."


Clark, Robert M. Intelligence Collection. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2013.

From publisher: "This comprehensive book ... offers systematic and analytical coverage of the 'how and why' of intelligence collection across its three major stages -- the front end (planning), collection, and the back end (processing, exploitation, and dissemination). The book provides a fresh, logical, and easily understandable view of complex collection systems used worldwide."


Clark, Robert M. Research: Design and Methods. Washington, DC: JMIC, 2000.


Clark, Robert M. "Scientific and Technical Intelligence Analysis." Studies in Intelligence 19, no. 1 (Spring 1975): 39-48. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 293-304. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

Modern S&T intelligence began when R.V. Jones was assigned to the Intelligence Branch of the British Air Staff. It was also Jones who laid down "the cardinal principle of scientific intelligence": that is Occam's Razor -- "Use the least number of hypotheses to explain your observations." The author offers some further maxims for S&T intelligence: "Suspect all crusaders," "experts can be wrong," "never trust a contractor," and "look at the whole picture."

[Analysis/Gen; GenPostwar/Issues/S&T][c]

Clark, Robert M. The Technical Collection of Intelligence. Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2009.

Peake, Studies 55.2 (Jun. 2011), notes that the author covers "the space-, air-, sea-, and ground-based collection platforms intelligence organizations employ today.... Clark explains what each platform does and how it works.... He does not get into detailed operating procedures, though he does present a list of key management tools for consideration." This "is a fine, fully-documented, understandable, and comprehensive, though not elementary, introduction to a complex intelligence activity."

To Bailey, AIJ 29.1 (2011), this is "an outstanding introductory work on the technical collection of intelligence." It is "well-organized and clearly understandable." Richelson., IJI&C 24.4 (Winter 2011-2012), calls this work "an exceptionally valuable addition to the literature on technical collection because it covers virtually the entire field in a readable and non-technical manner."


Clark, Ronald W. The Man Who Broke Purple: The Life of Colonel William F. Friedman, Who Deciphered the Japanese Code in World War II. Boston: Little, Brown, 1977. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1977.

[Cryptography/Friedman; WWII/MAGIC][c]

Clark, Thomas B. Robinson Crusoe, USN: The Adventures of George R. Tweed on Jap-Held Guam. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1945. [Petersen]


Clark, Torrey. "Putin Names Russian Ex-Premier Head of Spy Service." Bloomberg, 6 Oct. 2007. []

On 6 October 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the appointment of former prime minister Mikhail Fradkov to head the Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR). Former SVR head Sergei Lebedev was named executive secretary of the Commonwealth of Independent States.


Clark, Wesley K. Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat. New York: Public Affairs, 2001.

The author was NATO Supreme Commander during the air war over Kosovo. See Richard K. Betts, "Compromised Command: Inside NATO's First War," Foreign Affairs 80.4 (Jul.-Aug. 2001): 126-132, for a thorough review of General Clark's book.


Clark, Wesley K., and Peter L. Levin. "Securing the Information Highway: How to Enhance the United States' Electronic Defenses." Foreign Affairs 88, no. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 2009): 2-10.

"For electronically advanced adversaries, the United States' information technology (IT) infrastructure is an easy target.... From isolated intrusions to coordinated attacks, the number of network-based threats is growing.... Washington would be better off following a more 'open-source' approach to information sharing."


Clark, William Bell. Ben Franklin's Privateers. New York: Greenwood, 1956. 


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