Caro - Carz


Caroz, Yaakov. The Arab Secret Services. London: Transworld, 1978. [Wilcox]


Carpenter, Ted Galen. "Missed Opportunities: The 9/11 Commission Report and US Foreign Policy." Mediterranean Quarterly 61, no. 1 (Winter 2005): 52-61. []

The "most serious deficiency" in the 9/11 Commission's report "was the failure ... to adequately address the most crucial foreign policy issues pertaining to the threat that radical Islamic terrorism poses to the security of the American people."


Carpozi, George, Jr. Red Spies in the U.S. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1973.

Constantinides finds this book on Soviet espionage in the United States to be a mixed bag. The author uncovers "significant or interesting facts, but he carelessly includes incorrect or unsubstantiated remarks."


Carr, Barbara. Spy in the Sun: The Story of Yuriy Loginov. Cape Town, South Africa: Howard Timmins, 1969.

Constantinides: Loginov was a Soviet illegal arrested in South Africa in 1967. The report is based on official records, and sometimes reads like it. "The many faults and shortcomings overshadow one of the lengthier and more complete expositions of Soviet illegal modus operandi, which stands up if particular details do not."

[OtherCountries/SAfrica; Russia/SovSpies/Name]

Carr, Caleb. "Aldrich Ames and the Conduct of American Intelligence." World Policy Journal 11, no. 3 (Fall 1994): 19-28.

This article is remarkably poor in content and execution. Carr's broadbrush rejection of what he calls (contrary to all normally accepted definitions) "operational" intelligence is at best a polemic; the article certainly gives no evidence of a research base. The author consistently fails to make the vital connection between the "CIA" actions he abhors and the broader national policies of which those actions were a part. His starting point is the "criticism" of the CIA voiced by Aldrich Ames, an approach that can be seen only as malicious in intent. The self-serving justifications of a man who betrayed his country for money certainly do not deserve to be taken seriously, despite Carr's argument to the contrary. Carr's desire to leave the "research and analysis" function to NSA shows an abysmal -- and telling -- ignorance of that organization's role in American intelligence; but, then, general ignorance of the subject matter is the most salient feature of this article.


Carr, John. "Greek Paper Prints Photo of 'MI6 Agent.'" Times (London), 5 Jan. 2006. []

"A photograph purporting to be Britain's top MI6 agent in Greece was published today on the front page" of the Athens newspaper Eleftherotypia. Controversy is "continu[ing] over the alleged role of British agents in the arrest and supposed abuse of a group of Pakistanis living in Athens."

[OtherCountries/Greece/Gen; UK/PostCW/00s/06]

Carr, Matthew. The Infernal Machine: A History of Terrorism. New York: New Press, 2007.

According to Hampson, AFIO WIN 13-07 (2 Apr. 2007), this is "an in-depth history of terrorism and terrorist groups." The author believes that "taking terrorism head-on with force-on-force energizes recruitment and strengthens the enemy, and that "governments can and have successfully negotiated with terrorist groups." Freeman, Booklist (via, finds it unfortunate that "Carr ignores fundamental differences between various groups. Also, he frequently falls into the trap of 'moral equivalency.'" Although there is "some valuable information here, this is hardly the sober, disinterested examination of modern terrorism that our age requires."


Carr, Robert K. The House Committee on Un-American Activities. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1952.


Carran, Edward. The Soviet Spy Web. London: Ampersand, 1961.

Wilcox: "Popular paperback account of Soviet espionage around the world, particularly in England."


Carré, Mathilde. J'ai été la chatte. Paris: 1959.

Clark comment: Carré was a triple agent in World War II, working successively for the French underground, the German Abwehr, and SOE. She is best known in popular literature by one of her underground codenames, "Cat," thus the name of her memoirs.

From Public Record Office, "New Document Releases: Security Service Records Release 25-26 November 2002": "Carre was second-in-command of a large French resistance network known as the 'Interallie.' ... [B]y December 1941 the entire Interallie organization (some 100 agents) was in German hands. In February 1942 Carre came to Britiain with the leader of another resistance group, Lucas. She admitted to him that she had in fact been turned by the Germans, although on her arrival in the UK she re-converted.... However, there were grave doubts about her bona fides." When it was "discovered that she had betrayed a large number of resistors," she "was interned for duration of the war. She was returned to France in 1945, where she was tried and sentenced to death. This was later commuted to life and subsequently commuted again."

See also Young, The Cat With Two Faces (1957); and Paine, Mathilde Carré, Double Agent (1976).

[Women/WWII/Fr; WWII/Eur/Fr/Resistance]

Carrera, Gordon. "GCHQ: Spooks in Socks and Sandals." Sunday Times (London), 28 Mar. 2010. []

"With about 5,500 employees, GCHQ is Britain's largest but least well-known intelligence agency." GCHQ's building on the outskirts of Cheltenham is "known as the doughnut because it is round with a hole in the middle." Its director is Iain Lobban. "GCHQ has an increasingly close relationship with the armed forces. Military commanders are briefed at Cheltenham before their deployment, and GCHQ staff are sent out to work with them.... Staff embedded with the armed forces call in by webcam to a huge video wall at Cheltenham."



Carruthers, Susan. Winning Hearts and Minds: British Governments, the Media and Colonial Counter-Insurgency, 1944-1960. London: Leicester University Press, 1995.

Clayton, Journal of Conflict Studies 16.1 (Spring 1996), says this "very full scholarly work" is "important and useful " It looks at how British governments presented "four major post-1945 colonial counter insurgency campaigns" to the British public: Palestine, Malaya, Kenya, and Cyprus.

[UK/Postwar/Counterinsurgency & Malaya]


Cartwright, Jeffrey S. [SSGT/USMC] "Aviation Intel Isn't Ops." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 122, no. 11 (Nov. 1996): 45-46.

The author opposes the proposed integration of Marine Corps aviation intelligence personnel and weapons and tactics instructors into a single department.


Caruso, A. Brooke. The Mexican Spy Company: United States Covert Operations in Mexico, 1845-1848. Jefferson, NC/London: McFarland, 1991.

Clark comment: The sources for this study include records of funds disbursements for intelligence purposes. There is considerable detail here, particularly concerning secret missions by Army topographical engineers. Archer, I&NS 8.4, expresses concern that Caruso's book is "based upon English-language published sources" and, thereby, "perpetuates a flawed one-dimensional view of the war.... [T]he language of twentieth-century clandestine warfare and intelligence operations is strained when applied to the events surrounding the Mexican-American War." Caruso "tends to repeat old ideas without advancing our knowledge about the war."


Caruthers, Osgood. "Soviet Downs American Plane: Premier Is Bitter; Assails 'Provocation Aimed at Wrecking' May 16 Parley." New York Times, 6 May 1960.

This is a report on a speech made by Khrushchev to the opening session of the USSR Supreme Soviet. The Russian Premier covered a number of subjects, including announcing the downing of the U.S. U-2.


Caruthers, Osgood. "Two Code Clerks Defect to Soviet Union, Score U.S. 'Spying.'" New York Times, 7 Sep. 1960, 1, 11. [Bamford2]


Carvalho, Bernardo A. The CIA and the Press. Freedom of Information Report No. 382. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri School of Journalism, 1977. [Petersen]


Carver, George A., Jr. "Covert Action an Essential Form of Diplomacy." Human Events 12 (Dec. 1987).

The author is a former CIA official.


Carver, George A., Jr. "The Fifth Man." The Atlantic 262 (Sep. 1988): 26-28.

The author is a former CIA official.


Carver, George A., Jr. "Intelligence and Glasnost." Foreign Affairs 69, no. 3 (Summer 1990): 147-166.

The author is a former CIA official.



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