Car - Carle


C.A.R. "Britain's Rapid Military Action Rides Information Technology." Signal, Sep. 1998, 22-26.

The UK's "Ministry of Defense pilot joint operations command system, or PJOCS, from EDS Defence harnesses commercial technology to provide a flexible command, control and intelligence capability."


Carafano, James Jay. "Mobilizing Europe's Stateless: America's Plan for a Cold War Army." Journal of Cold War Studies 1, no.2 (1999). []

The idea of creating a Volunteer Freedom Corps of "combat battalions from displaced European ethnic and nationalist forces ... was first broached during the Truman administration, but it gained much greater impetus after the election in 1952 of Dwight Eisenhower.... The reaction of the European governments, however, was distinctly negative. They feared that the proposed Corps would destabilize the intricate ethnic and interstate relationships that had been rebuilt in Europe after 1945. European suspicion of the Corps finally convinced Eisenhower to abandon the initiative."


Carafano, James Jay. Waltzing into the Cold War: The Struggle for Occupied Austria. College Station, TX: Texas A&M Press, 2002.

Brown, I&NS 19.1, notes that the author believes that U.S. Forces, Austria (USFA) "misused intelligence to bolster the case for viewing the Soviet Union as a threat to American interests in Austria." However, in the end, the author does not supply satisfactory support for his assertion.

[GenPostwar/ColdWar; OtherCountries/Austria]

Carafano, James Jay, and Paul Rosenzweig. Winning the Long War: Lessons from the Cold War for Defeating Terrorism and Preserving Freedom. Washington, DC: Heritage, 2005.

Mahnken, JFQ 40 (2006), notes that the authors "believe the war on terror should be viewed as a protracted engagement, like the Cold War." They organize their book around "the central strategic issues facing Washington." Although "[t]he book's breadth at times comes at the expense of depth," this is "an accessible book that touches on the most important topics facing policymakers and the public."


Carassava, Anthee [New York Times]

Caravantes, Peggy. Petticoat Spies: Six Women Spies of the Civil War. Greenboro, NC: Morgan Reynolds, 2002.

[CivWar/Conf/Women & Un/Women]

Cardillo, Robert. "Intelligence Community Reform: A Cultural Evolution." Studies in Intelligence 54, no. 3 (Sep. 2010): 1-7

Writing from his (then) perspective of the DIA, the author argues that "the analytic environment is [today] much more interconnected and open. This attitude and acceptance are not uniform across the board..., but real change has begun."


Cardona, Libardo. "Colombian Prosecutor Orders Search of Spy Agency." Associated Press, 22 Feb. 2009. []

On 22 February 2009, Colombia's chief prosecutor Mario Iguaran ordered a search of the headquarters of the country's domestic intelligence agency, the Department of Administrative Security (DAS), "over allegations some of its agents eavesdropped on prominent journalists, Supreme Court judges and opposition politicians."


Carew, Anthony. "The American Labor Movement in Fizzland: The Free Trade Union Committee and the CIA." Labor History 39, no. 1 (1998): 25-42.

[CA/Eur; CIA/40s]

Carew, Anthony. "The Politics of Productivity and the Politics of Anti-Communism: American and European Labour in the Cold War." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 2 (Summer 2003): 73-91.

"It is hard ... to see how, in any direct way, the politics of productivity had much impact in strengthening non-communist unions" in France and Italy. The AFL's Free Trade Union Committee (FTUC) was headed by Jay Lovestone. "What is important about Lovestone's FTUC operation is that it was generously funded from CIA sources, especially in the early 1950s."


Carey, Roger, and Trevor C. Salmon, eds. International Security in the Modern World. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan, 1992.

Brown, I&NS 9.1: This "collection of essays by British academics" seeks to provide an "introduction to international security issues for the layman and for the student beginning to study the field." The collection is "decidedly old-fashioned," with an approach that "is very much a traditional realist one.... [The] focus is largely on East-West issues and on the security problems of the West." There is "no discussion of environmental, migration or ethnic problems and only a limited treatment of proliferation issues." This whole approach "has been called into question by the end of the Cold War."


Carey, Warren, and Myles Maxfield. "Intelligence Implications of Disease." Studies in Intelligence 16, no. 1 (Spring 1972): 71-78.

Westerfield: "How to track internationally communicable and dangerous diseases spreading in 'denied areas' countries."

[Analysis/Gen; GenPostwar/Medical]

Carius, Alexander, et al. "NATO/CCMS [Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society] Pilot Study: Environment and Security in an International Context -- State of the Art and Perspectives, [Excerpts from] Interim Report, October 1996." Environmental Change and Security Report 3 (Spring 1997): 55-65.


Carl, Ernst. One against England: The Death of Lord Kitchener and the Plot against the British Fleet. New York: Dutton, 1935. [Probably same as: Carl, Ernst. Einer gegen England: Erlebnisse und Enthüllungen des deutschen "Meisterspions", 1914-1918 [One against England: Experiences and Revelations of a German "Master-Spy", 1914-1918]. Reutlingen: [?], 1934.]

Royal Historical Society Darabase note: "With special reference to the sinking of the 'Hampshire'" -- HMS Hampshire was sunk on 5 June 1916; among the lives lost was that of British Commander-in-Chief Lord Kitchener who was on a mission to Russia.

[Germany/WWI; WWI/UK/Gen]

Carl, Leo D.

Carle, Glenn L. The Interrogator: An Education. New York: Nation Books, 2011.

Goulden, Washington Times, 13 Jul. 2001, found that the joint efforts of the author and the CIA's Publications Review Board made this a very frustrating book to read. Carle may have engaged in the activities described here -- the interrogation of a presumed high value al-Qaeda operative -- but, in the end, the reviewer had "lost any confidence in his credibility." This one earns a "Read at your own risk" caveat from Goulden. On the other hand, Leebaert, I&NS 27.4 (Aug. 2012), believes that the author "offers authority as well as unprecedented specificity and corroborative detail" to the story of the CIA's rendition program.

For Peake, Studies 56.1 (Mat. 2012), readers can learn not just about the CAPTUS/detainee case but also "how operations officers deal with strains on family life and the consequences of career-changing decisions. In his afterword, Carle reiterates his views on enhanced interrogation and argues that the Agency should adhere to the policies expressed in the interrogations manuals because they are effective and because following them is the right thing to do." Wippl, IJI&C 25.2 (Summer 2012), sees this as "an important book by an intelligent, thoughtful citizen."


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