Burns, Arthur L. "The International Consequences of Expecting Surprise." World Politics 10, no 4 (1958): 512-536.


Burns, Jimmy. Papa Spy: Love, Faith, and Betrayal in Wartime Spain. New York: Walker, 2009.

According to Goulden, Washington Times, 12 Mar. 2010, the author wanted to unravel the mystery surrounding his father, Tom Burns, ostensibly a "press attache" in the UK's wartime Madrid embassy. Along the way, Jimmy Burns details "how British diplomats ... managed to keep Franco from flipping to the German side at a time when Adolf Hitler's military was sweeping through Europe.... In the end, Franco decided that his best interests dictated continued neutrality, so Gibraltar remained in Allied hands. Jimmy Burns documents how his decision was heavily influenced by British intelligence."


Burns, Jimmy, and John Thornhill. "Russia Insists It Will Expel UK 'Spies.'" Financial Times, 15 May 1996, 2.


Burns, John F. "Al Qaeda Leader in Iraq Killed by U.S. Bombs." New York Times, 9 Jun. 2006. [http://www.nytimes.com]

Al Qaeda leader in Iraq Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was killed on 7 June 2006 in a U.S. air strike on an isolated safe house north of Baghdad.

[MI/Ops/Iraq; Terrorism/00s/06]

Burns, John F. "Eileen Nearne, Wartime Spy, Dies at 89." New York Times, 21 Sep. 2010. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 21 September 2010, Eileen Nearne's funeral service "featured a military bugler and piper and an array of uniformed mourners. A red cushion atop her coffin bore her wartime medals." She was "one of 39 British women who were parachuted into France" by SOE. Nearne operated "a secret radio link from Paris that was used to organize weapons drops to the French resistance and to shuttle messages back and forth between controllers in London and the resistance.... [S]he was arrested by the Gestapo in July 1944 and sent" to Ravensbruck and later to Markleberg. She eventually escaped and "linked up with American troops."

[Women/WWII/UK; UK/WWII/Services/SOE]

Burns, John F. "Family of Pakistani in Killings at CIA Also Seeks a Motive." New York Times, 21 Jun. 1997, 1, 4.


Burns, John F. "Memoirs of British Spy Offer No Apology." New York Times, 24 Jul. 2009. [http://www.nytimes.com]

On 23 July 2009, the British Library made public "a 30,000-word memoir in which Anthony Blunt ... described spying for the Soviet Union ... as 'the biggest mistake of my life.' The memoir offers few new insights into the details of Blunt's spying.... Its main interest, according to historians, lies in Blunt's account of his recruitment by another Soviet spy, Guy Burgess, when both were at Cambridge University in the 1930s, and in his exposition of his motives and feelings.... Christopher Andrew ...said the memoir reflected Blunt's unwillingness to acknowledge the evil he had served in spying for Stalin."


Burns, John, et al. "Arrest at U.S. Border Reverberates in France." New York Times, 22 Dec. 1999. [http://www.nytimes.com]

"When United States customs officials arrested Ahmed Ressam near Seattle last week..., American intelligence officials knew little about him. But the arrest set off alarms in France, where antiterrorist officials had been focusing on the 32-year-old Mr. Ressam because of his connections to a loosely organized group of Islamic radicals that French investigators suspect had carried out a series of attacks on supermarkets, armored security vehicles and banks in northern France in 1996."

[France/99; Terrorism/99]

Burns, Richard D. "Inspection of the Mandates, 1919-1941." Pacific Historical Review 37 (Nov. 1968): 445-462. [Petersen]

[MI/Navy/Interwar; Interwar/U.S.]

Burns, Richard D., and Milton Leitenberg. The Wars in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, 1945-1982: A Bibliographic Guide. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1984.

[CIA/Laos/Ref; Vietnam/RefMats]

Burns, Richard Dean, ed. Guide to American Foreign Relations since 1700. Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1983.

Petersen: "Index includes intelligence and U.S. CIA entries."


Burns, Robert. "CIA Film Depicts a Failed Cold War Spy Mission." Associated Press, 15 Jun. 2010. [http://www.washingtonpost.com]

On 15 June 2010, the CIA "premiered a nonfiction film,... which combines documentary footage and actors re-enacting events." "Extraordinary Fidelity," documents the November 1952 attempt to recover a "Chinese spy who was part of an agent team the CIA had smuggled" into Manchuria several months earlier. The pilots of the unmarked C-47 aircraft, "Robert Snoddy and Norman Schwartz, died. But the two CIA men, John T. Downey and Richard G. Fecteau, survived and were captured, destined to serve two decades in Chinese prisons." See also, Peter Finn, "CIA Offers Its History Lessons in Film." Washington Post, 7 Jul. 2010, B3.


Burns, Thomas L. The Quest for Cryptologic Centralization and the Establishment of NSA: 1940-1952. Ft. George G. Meade, MD: Center for Cryptologic History, National Security Agency, 2005. [http://www.fas.org/irp/nsa/quest.pdf]

This is an unclassified version of Burns' The Origins of NSA (1990). In a "Foreword" to the 1990 edition, NSA Historian Henry F. Schorreck calls Burns' work "a masterfully researched and documented account of the evolution of a national SIGINT effort following World War II.... [The author] makes an especially important contribution by helping us to understand the role of the civilian agencies in forcing the creation of NSA and the bureaucratic infighting by which they were able to achieve that end." Kruh, Cryptologia 30.2 (Apr. 2006), says that this "is an excellent detailed history with extensive source notes and more than 40 photographs."


Burns, Thomas S. The Secret War for the Ocean Depths: Soviet-American Rivalry for the Mastery of the Seas. New York: Rawson Associates, 1978.

Petersen notes that this book includes a chapter on the Glomar Explorer.


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