Bruh - Bruz

Brulliard, Karin, and Shaiq Hussain. "Pakistani Spy Chief Offers to Resign." Washington Post, 13 May 2011. []

In testimony at a private session of Parliament on 13 May 2011, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha, head of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence directorate, offered to resign "amid public outrage over the U.S. operation that killed Osama bin Laden."


Brulliard, Karin, and Greg Miller. "Pakistanis Disclose Name of CIA Operative." Washington Post, 9 May 2011. []

The public naming of the CIA station chief in Islamabad is threatening "to deepen the rift between the United States and Pakistan, with U.S. officials saying they believed the disclosure had been made deliberately by Pakistan's main spy agency," the Inter-Services Intelligence agency (ISI). The "station chief's name was first aired by a private Pakistani television station on [6 May 2011], and a misspelled version of the name was published the next day in the Nation newspaper, which is considered close to the security establishment." See also, Jane Perlez, "Leak of C.I.A. Officer Name Is Sign of Rift With Pakistan," New York Times, 9 May 2011.

[CIA/10s/11; OtherCountries/Pakistan/10s]

Brun, Michel. Tr., Robert Bononno. Incident at Sakhalin: The True Mission of KAL Flight 007. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1995.

According to Hopkins, I&NS 11.4, Brun argues that it was not the Korean 747 that overflew the Soviet Union; rather, there were dozens of U.S. and Japanese military planes involved in overflights. In the ensuing aerial battle with the Soviets, a Japanese plane shot down KAL-007 when it was misidentified as a Soviet bomber. What "evidence" that the author presents for this thesis is either wrong or made up. The reviewer finds it unsettling that "many uninformed readers" will take this account "as a serious and legitimate explanation" of the events surrounding the demise of KAL-007.


Brune, Lester H. The Missile Crisis of October 1962: A Review of Issues and References. Claremont, CA: Regina Books, 1985.

[GenPostwar/60s/MissileCrisis; RefMats/Guides]

Bruneau, Thomas C. "Controlling Intelligence in New Democracies." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 14, no. 3 (Fall 2001): 323-341.

"Democratic consolidation requires restructuring the economy and bringing the armed forces under civilian control. Probably the most problematic issue in civil-military relations is control of the intelligence apparatus."


Bruneau, Thomas C. "Democracy and Effectiveness: Adapting Intelligence for the Fight against Terrorism." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 21, no. 3 (Fall 2008): 448-460.

"Several countries in Latin America have recently undertaken reforms of their intelligence systems.... While in most cases the initial motivation was to bring the intelligence agencies under democratic control..., civilian governments and military leaders are today increasingly motivated to reform their intelligence systems in order to better respond to threats from organized crime and terrorism."


Bruneau, Thomas C. "Intelligence Reforms in Brazil: Contemporary Challenges and the Legacy of the Past." Strategic Insights 6, no. 3 (May 2007). []

Brazil has "an extensive intelligence system composed of at least thirteen different organizations.... The development of the system was slow and drawn out ... and exacerbated by political weakness and fecklessness in the executive branch between 1985 and 1995, and the slow emergence of interest by members of the legislative branch.... [T]here is real concern as to the effectiveness of the system due to the way it is structured and staffed. The concern with effectiveness ... is due to rampant violence by organized crime in ... Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo."


Bruneau, Thomas C., and Steven C. Boraz, eds. Reforming Intelligence: Obstacles to Democratic Control and Effectiveness. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2007.

According to Peake, Studies 52.1 (Mar. 2008) and Intelligencer 16.1 (Spring 2008), this book's 13 chapters include "studies that discuss democratic control and effectiveness in three Western nations -- the United States, the United Kingdom, and France -- and seven new democracies -- Brazil, Taiwan, Argentina, Romania, South Africa, Russia, and the Philippines." Reforming Intelligence "is well documented, well written, and should serve as a foundation for studying this persistent problem."

Reddig, NIPQ 23.4 (Sep. 2007), calls this a "useful and thought provoking compendium of case studies," dealing with "the challenge of maintaining an intelligence establishment in a democratic framework." For Skarstedt, NIJ 1.1 (2009), "[a]ll of the authors provide outstanding analysis of their various subjects, and this book is a comprehensive study of intelligence reform and its problems. The commoin theme shared by all of the authors is that intelligence must be closely controlled."

[France/Overviews; LA/Argentina & Brazil; OtherCountries/Philippines, Romania, South Africa, & Taiwan; Reform/00s/Gen; Russia/Overviews/00s; UK/PostCW/Gen]

Bruner, Edward F., Christopher C. Bolkcum, and Ronald O'Rourke. Special Operations Forces in Operation Enduring Freedom: Background and Issues for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 15 Oct. 2001. []

The issues identified are intelligence support; work with resistance forces; funding, equipment, and organization; personnel retention; and joint and combined operations.

[MI/Ops/00s/Afgh & SpecOps/00s]

Bruner, Jerome S. "OWI and the American Public." Public Opinion Quarterly 7 (1943): 125-133. [Winkler]


Bruni, Frank, and Anthee Carassava. "Greece to Begin Trial Involving Long-Elusive Terror Group." New York Times, 3 Mar. 2003. []

The trial of the 19 defendants accused of being part of the "November 17" terrorist group will begin on 3 March 2003.


Brunner, John W.

1. The OSS Crossbows. Williamstown, NJ: Phillips, 1990. [Surveillant 1.5]

2. OSS Weapons. Williamstown, NJ: Phillips, 1994. 2005.

According to Surveillant 4.1, Brunner "conducted exhaustive research in recently declassified OSS files." This is a "beautifully produced work.... Highly recommended." Kruh, Cryptologia 19.3, notes that "[m]ost items are thoroughly described, often with a history, purpose, use, manufacturing details and other information." The book is both "a visual feast" and "an authoritative work"; it has "[a] comprehensive bibliography."

Announcing a new edition of this work, DKR, AFIO WIN 47-05 (5 Dec. 2005), comments that "Brunner's work is based on meticulous research.... The result is a book that is widely considered the definitive work on the subject." King, NIPQ 27.1 (Jan. 2011), notes that this "comprehensive book" includes a list of "the many museums" where OSS weapons and equipment "may be seen and sometimes examined."


Brunovsky, Vladimir K. The Methods of the OGPU. New York: Harper & Row, 1931.

Wilcox: "Author was arrested by the Soviet OGPU in 1923 on espionage [charges], released in 1926."


Brunt, Rodney M. "Special Documentation Systems at the Government Code and Cypher School, Bletchley Park, during the Second World War." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 1 (Feb. 2006): 129-148.

This article "describes the work of two specialist units, serving Hut 3 (Air and Military intelligence) and Hut 4 (Naval intelligence), engaged in the creation and maintenance" of "highly specialized devices which facilitated the translation and analysis of decrypted messages."


Bruntz, George G. Allied Propaganda and the Collapse of the German Empire in 1918. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1938. London: Oxford University Press, 1938. New York: Arno Press, 1972.

From publisher: "Compiled from the vast World War I archives of the Hoover Library at Stanford, this volume is a systematic analysis of propaganda organization, content and effects in the 1917-18 period. Stress is on British and American effort and results. A nine-page bibliography is included."


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