Browna - Brug


Browne, Donald R. International Radio Broadcasting: The Limits of the Limitless Medium. New York: Praeger, 1982. [Cummings]


Browne, Donald R. "R.I.A.S. Berlin: A Case Study of a Cold War Broadcasting Operation." Journal of Broadcasting 10 (Spring 1966): 119-135.

[CA/Eur & Radio]

Browne, Malcolm. "A Reporter Looks Back: The CIA and the Fall of Vietnam." Washington Journalism Review, Jan.-Feb. 1978, 18-19. [Petersen]


Brownell, George A. The Origin and Development of the National Security Agency. Laguna Hills, CA: Aegean Park Press, 1981.

Brownlee, Richard S. Gray Ghosts of the Confederacy: Guerrilla Warfare in the West, 1861-1865. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1958.


Brownlow, Cecil. "CIA Threat-Juggling Confirmed." Aviation Week & Space Technology, 3 May 1976, 14-15. [Petersen]


Brownlow, Donald G. The Accused: The Ordeal of Rear Admiral Husband Edward Kimmel, U.S.N. New York: Vantage, 1968. [Petersen]


Brownrigg, Douglas [Admiral Sir]. Indiscretions of the Naval Censor. New York: Doran, 1920. London: Cassell, 1920.

Bruce-Briggs, B. "Another Ride on Tricycle." Intelligence and National Security 7, no. 2 (Apr. 1992): 77-100.

The author concludes that the "Hawaiian questions [on Tricycle's questionnaire] did not reflect intended invasion or air attack.... [I]t is clear that Popov did not deliver a credible Pearl Harbor warning." He also takes issue with Tom Troy's contention that the work of British writers on the subject constitutes an "attack on Hoover." See Troy, "The British Assault on J. Edgar Hoover: The Tricycle Case." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 3.2 (Summer 1989): 169-209.


Bruce, David K.E.

Bruce was OSS head in London.

1. "The National Intelligence Authority." Virginia Quarterly Review 22 (Summer 1946): 355-369.

2. "Have We an Intelligence Service?" Atlantic Monthly 181 (Apr. 1948): 66-70.

Petersen: "Unsigned article urging improved national intelligence."


Bruce, Gary.

1. "Aufklärung und Abwehr: The Lasting Legacy of the Stasi under Ernst Wollweber." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 3 (Jun. 2006): 364-393.

Wollweber headed the Stasi during the "decisive years" of 1953-1957. The author concludes that "[a]s early as the 1950s, we see that the foreign espionage branch of the Stasi was so tightly integrated into domestic surveillance and the regional structures of the Stasi that it was not as 'ordinary' an intelligence gathering branch as its former officers would have us believe."

2. The Firm: The Inside Story of the Stasi. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Adams, IJI&C 24.4 (Winter 2011-2012), warns readers "not [to] be misled by the title": this is not "a revelatory exposition or a full picture" of the East German security apparatus. It focuses on "merely two of the 217 former district offices in the GDR." Nevertheless, the work is "[b]ased on meticulaous research" and provides "a fluent analysis."

3."The Prelude to Nationwide Surveillance in East Germany: Stasi Operations and Threat Perceptions, 1945-1953." Journal of Cold War Studies 5, no. 2 (Spring 2003): 3-31.

"This article explores the conduct and threat perceptions of the MfS [Ministry for State Security or Stasi] from the time of its embryonic predecessors in the 1940s to the eve of the mass uprising that swept through East Germany in June 1953."


Bruce, Ian. "Serbs Used CIA Phone to Call in Convoy Raid." Herald (London), 20 Apr. 1999. []

"The refugees targeted by mistake in the NATO raid involving the US Air Force [on 14 April 1999] died because ... the fatal strike was called in by the Serbs using a mobile phone and security identification codes supplied to a KLA 'spotter' by the CIA. The man is believed to have been captured early last week and tortured into telling what he knew.... Intelligence sources said last night that a joint CIA-US special forces group operating out of the eastern Bosnian town of Tuzla is running a group of KLA agents inside Kosovo. These men are tasked with reporting the location and movements of all Serb troops and police units via mobile phones."


Bruce, Ian. "Spy Base in Yorkshire Listens in on bin Laden's Phone Calls." Herald (London), 17 Sep. 2001. []

"Britain is playing a key role in the hunt for Osama bin Laden ... via the top-secret electronic spy base at Menwith Hill in Yorkshire. Every phone call, fax, internet and microwave transmission in or out of Afghanistan is being monitored by the site's joint UK-US Echelon surveillance system to try to locate bin Laden and his closest lieutenants."

[NSA/01; Terrorism/01/WTC]

Bruce, James B. "The Impact on Foreign Denial and Deception of Increased Availability of Public Information About U.S. Intelligence." In Strategic Denial and Deception: The Twenty-First Century Challenge, eds. Roy Godson and James J. Wirtz, 229-240. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2002.


Bruce, James B. "Laws and Leaks of Classified Intelligence: The Consequences of Permissive Neglect." Studies in Intelligence 47, no. 1 (2003): 39-49.

The problem of leaks of classified information "is worse now than ever before, given the scope and seriousness of leaks coupled with the power of electronic dissemination and search engines.... Unless comprehensive measures with teeth [emphasis in original] are taken to identify and hold leakers and their publishing collaborators accountable for the significant, often irreversible, damage that they inflict on vital US intelligence capabilities, the damage will continue unabated."


Brückner, Hilmar-Detlef. "Germany's First Cryptanalysis on the Western Front: Decrypting British and French Naval Ciphers in World War I." Cryptologia 29, no. 1 (Jan. 2005): 1-22.

As David Kahn points out in an "Editor's Note" to this article, the destruction of the Prussian-German military archives in World War II leaves a substantial void ("missing link") in cryptologic history. The author has exploited the existing files of the Bavarian Sixth Army to fill at least a portion of the void.


Bruemmer, Russell J. "Intelligence Community Reorganization: Declining the Invitation to Struggle." Yale Law Journal 101 (Jan. 1992): 867-891

Bruemmer, Russell J. "The Prohibition on Assassination: A Legal & Ethical Analysis." In In the Name of Intelligence: Essays in Honor of Walter Pforzheimer, eds. Hayden B. Peake and Samuel Halpern, 137-165. Washington, DC: NIBC Press, 1994.

Bruemmer was CIA General Counsel from 1988 to 1990.


Bruemmer, Russell J., and Marshall H. Silverberg. "The Impact of the Iran-Contra Matter on Congressional Oversight of the CIA." Houston Journal of International Law 11, no. 1 (1988): 219-243.

Bruemmer was CIA General Counsel from 1988 to 1990; Silverberg served as CIA Assistant General Counsel.

[GenPostwar/80s/Iran-Contra; Oversight]

Brugioni, Dino.


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