Bou - Bowd

Boucard, Robert. Tr., R. Somerset. Revelations from the Secret Service: The Spy on Two Fronts. London: Hutchinson, 1930.

Constantinides says "this story of a successful French double agent who penetrated the circle of an unnamed German prince has no authoritative corroboration."

Boucard, Robert.The Secret Services of Europe. London: Stanley Paul, 1940.

Constantinides comments that "Boucard's allegations of German intelligence successes in Russia either have been refuted or have never been substantiated."


Bouchey, L. Francis, ed. The Real Secret War: Sandinista Political Warfare and Its Effects on Congress. Washington, DC: Council for Inter-Americn Security and Inter-American Security Educational Institute, 1987.

The best that can be said for this book is that it is a rightist propaganda tract.


Boughton, James M.

1. "The Case against Harry Dexter White: Still Not Proven." History of Political Economy 33, no. 2 (Summer 2001): 221-241.

2. and Roger J. Sandilands. "Politics and the Attack on FDR's Economists: From the Grand Alliance to the Cold War." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 3 (Autumn 2003): 73-99.

This is a spirited defense of Lauchlin Currie and Harry Dexter White against charges that they were Soviet agents.


Boulding, Elise. "States, Boundaries: Environmental Security in Global and Regional Conflicts." Interdisciplinary Peace Research 3, no. 2 (1991): 78.


Bourke, Sean. The Springing of George Blake. London: Cassell, 1970. New York: Viking Press, 1970. New York: Pinnacle, 1971. [pb]

Bouscaren, Anthony T. The Security Aspects of Immigration Work. Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University, 1959. [Petersen]


Boustany, Nora. "Former British Spy Chief Learned Early To Cope With Danger and Move On." Washington Post, 28 Jan. 2005, A22. []

"Stella Rimington made it to the top of MI5 ... in 1992, becoming the first woman in that position. She had survived that once male-dominated club, spending decades toiling in secret to stay ahead in the Cold War, outsmart would-be attacks by the Irish Republican Army and wrestle with the emerging challenges of international terrorism. She is now retired from the service and the author of 'At Risk,' a thriller she hopes will become one in a series."


Boustany, Nora, and Brian Duffy. "Israel's Secret American Friend: The FBI Is Looking into Whether a High-Ranking U.S. Official Passed Along Sensitive Information." Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 12 May 1997, 16.

Boveri, Margaret. Tr., Jonathan Steinberg. Treason in the Twentieth Century. London: MacDonald, 1961. New York: Putnam's, 1963.

Bovey, Robert.

1. "The Quality of Intelligence Analysis." American Intelligence Journal (Winter 1980-1981): 6-11.

2. "The Quality of Intelligence Analysis." Analytical Methods Review, Feb. 1980, 1-16. [Petersen]


Bovey, Wilfrid. "Confederate Agents in Canada during the American Civil War." Canadian Historical Review 2 (Mar. 1921): 46-57.


Bowart, Walter H. Operation Mind Control: Our Secret Government's War Against Its Own People. New York: Dell, 1978. [Petersen]


Bowcott, Owen. "MI5 tales: An Imperfect Spy -- MI5 Files Reveal a Nazi Spy Interested Only in Good Food, Zionist Bomb Attacks in London and the Seduction of UK Spies."  Guardian, 8 Mar. 2010. []

According to MI5 files released to the National Archives on 8 March 2010, Swiss-born German spy Werner Strebel "passed on only 'entirely worthless' information to his Nazi spymasters." Declassified documents from 1947 show that "MI5 officers believed Zionist 'extremists' were raising funds in Britain to pay for the nascent Israeli state and carrying out bomb attacks in Britain." Other Mi5 files indicate that Sophie Kukralova, a suspected German agent, "caused a scandal when she developed a 'most undesirable familiarity' with British intelligence officers in Cairo" during World War II.


Bowcott, Owen, and Richard Norton-Taylor. "Anti-terror Swoops Follow Months of Surveillance." Guardian, 9 Apr. 2009. []

Twelve men have been "arrested at seven separate locations" across north-west England. "The scale and speed of the anti-terror operation mounted by hundreds of officers ... points to extensive prior surveillance of a suspected plot aimed at domestic targets."


Bowden, Mark. Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern Warfare. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1999.

The author does not focus on the intelligence aspects in this story of the diasterous event in Mogadishu in October 1993. A Publisher Weekly (via reviewer notes, however, that Bowden does ask: "Did the U.S. err by creating elite forces that are too small to sustain the attrition of modern combat?"

[MI/Ops/90s/Somalia & SpecOps/Thru90s]

Bowden, Mark. "The Desert One Debacle." The Atlantic (May 2006), at:


Bowden, Mark. The Finish: The Killing of Osama Bin Laden. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2012.

Peake, Studies 57.2 (Jun. 2013), and Intelligencer 20.1 (Spring/Summer 2013), finds that the author "adds to the well-known basics of the story background and texture about the principal characters and operational circumstances that have not been provided in other accounts.... Bowden does a fine job of conveying a sense of the pressure that dominated the planning and the controversies that resulted before the final decision was made." This book "is an impressive, finely honed story of a gutsy call and an operation professionally executed."


Bowden, Mark. Guests of the Ayatollah: The First Battle in America's War with Militant Islam. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2006.

For Peake, Studies 50.4 (2006) and Intelligencer 15.2 (Fall-Winter 2006-2007), the author makes full use of "contemporaneous newspaper and TV accounts" and of material "gathered during five years of interviewing former hostages and ... hostage takers, members of the governments on both sides, and participants in the failed attempt to rescue the hostages. The result is a forceful, stimulating, yet often disturbing, account." This "is a superb book."

Fontenot, Parameters 37.1 (Spring 2007), finds that the author provides "a riveting and rich narrative." Bowden lets "the players tell their story ... with few interventions." What he does not do, however, is "deliver convincing proof of the connection that he claims exists between the successful assault on the US Embassy and the current 'war with militant Islam.'" Zakheim, Proceedings 132.10 (Oct. 2006), says that the author "offers a treasure trove of insights" and "a particularly keen analysis" about dealing with Iran.


Bowden, Mark. Killing Pablo: The Hunt for the World's Greatest Outlaw. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2001.

According to Wiant, Studies 46.1, this work focuses on the effort by U.S. law enforcement and intelligence organizations and Colombian authorities to track down Medellin drug kingpin Pablo Escobar. The author "details the activities of Centra Spike ... and Delta Force ... in their 16-month campaign." The sourcing of operational information is, as might be expected, uneven; and "the reader will have some difficulty in sorting out fact from speculation.... Nevertheless, the author has produced a useful study of how a well integrated program of human and technical intelligence collection ... can take law enforcement operations to the narcotrafficker's doorstep."

[MI/Ops/90s/Other; LA/Colombia]

Bowden, Mark. "Pentagon Spy Effort Serves a Purpose." Philadelphia Inquirer, 18 Mar. 2007. []

"Impatient with the inability of the [CIA] to give him what he needed," former defense secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld "decided to do it himself. He began placing small units of special operators all over the world, dubbed 'military liaison elements' (MLEs), some in the field, some in U.S. embassies." This has meant some overlap and tension with the CIA. Nonetheless, "[m]ilitary spies have different functions from their CIA counterparts. In the war on terrorism, they are needed."

[CIA/00s/Gen; MI/00s/07]

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