Bor - Borj

Boraz, Steven C.

1. "Establishing Democratic Control of Intelligence in Colombia." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 1 (Spring 2006): 84-109.

"In reviewing the oversight regime in Colombia, the strides made by the executive branch ... have been impressive.... The country's leadership is providing clearer policy, has organized the community to better serve its needs, and is now following up to determine the efficacy of the intelligence community.... [T]hat no legislative oversight exists at all is troublesome." See the author's update at "Reader's Forum: Updating the Colombia Situation," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 19, no. 2 (Summer 2006): 384.

2. "Intelligence Reform in Colombia: Transparency and Effectiveness against Internal Threats." Strategic Insights 6, no. 3 (May 2007). [Available at:]

"Colombia's approach to intelligence over the past two decades has focused on improving public security by combating" the threat posed by insurgent forces, "drug traffickers and the illicit activities in which they participate." Recently, "the security sector has made significant strides in achieving success" against these armed groups. This paper looks at the Colombian security environment, discusses changes in the security and intelligence apparatus, looks at "the mechanisms for providing control of the intelligence services," and highlights "some existing tensions in Colombia at achieving transparency of their intelligence services and increasing those services' effectiveness."


Boraz, Steven C., and Thomas C. Bruneau. "Reforming Intelligence: Democracy and Effectiveness." Journal of Democracy 17, no. 3 (Jul. 2006): 28-42.

"Democratizing or newly democratic countries ... must deal with the ... arduous task of transforming intelligence bureaucracies that once served undemocratic regimes." South Africa and Taiwan "have met the challenge of intelligence reform in varying ways, while Russia "has seen an intelligence establishment inherited from Soviet days promote a recent backslide toward authoritarianism."

[OtherCountriess/Africa & Taiwan; Russia/Overviews/00s]

Borch, Fred L. "Comparing Pearl Harbor and '9/11': Intelligence Failure? American Unpreparedness? Military Responsibility?" Journal of Military History 67, no. 3 (Jul. 2003): 845-860.

Abstract: "Claims by some commentators that '9/11' was an intelligence failure like Pearl Harbor, that the United States was unprepared for '9/11' like she was for the Japanese attack on Hawaii, and that, like Pearl Harbor, the military was not ready to defend against al Qaeda's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon are incorrect. On the contrary, an analysis of the two events reveals that they are more dissimilar than alike."

[GenPostCW/00s/Gen; WWII/PearlHarbor]

Borch, Fred, and Daniel Martinez. Kimmel, Short, and Pearl Harbor: The Final Report Revealed. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2004.

Bath, NIPQ 21.1 (Mar. 2005), notes that the report of the committee headed by Dr. Edwin Dorn "is the heart" of this book. For Marsman, DIJ 14.1 (2005), the authors provide "the context for properly interpreting the findings and intent of the Dorn Report.... A fairly easy read, the book clarifies comments, findings, and statements that were not (or could not) be made in 1995."


Borchgrave, Arnaud de. "Commentary: Regime Change a la Francais." United Press International, 14 Mar. 2003. []

"There was a time when France was not so squeamish about regime change. In fact, France has intervened militarily -- either to change regimes in sub-Saharan Africa or to restore deposed strongmen -- no less than 37 times since 1960.... There was never any thought of going to the U.N. Security Council when France's national interest was deemed to be at stake in its former colonies." The role of DGSE head Alexandre de Marenches in replacing the Central African Republic's Bokassa with David Dacko in 1979 is the centerpiece of this article, but other French interventions in Africa are mentioned.


Borchini, Charles P., and Mari Borstelmann. "PSYOP in Somalia: The Voice of Hope." Special Warfare 7, no. 4 (Oct. 1994): 2-9. [Gibish]


Borel, Paul Arnold. Along the Way: Fragments from My Three Score Ten Years. Great Falls, VA: River Bend House, 1986.

These are the gentle and fond memoirs of a very nice man. There is virtually nothing controversial or startling revealed here. Nonetheless, what Borel has to say is not unimportant, given that his CIA career spanned the period 1947 to 1972. Borel was the recipient of one of the 50 "Trailblazer Awards" presented during the Agency's 50th anniversary celebration.


Boren, David L. "Counterintelligence for the 1990s." American Intelligence Journal 10, no. 2 (1989): 9-14.

Boren, David L.

1. "The Intelligence Community: How Crucial?" Foreign Affairs 71, no. 3 (Summer 1992): 52-62.

2. "New World, New CIA." New York Times, 17 Jun. 1990, E21.

3. "Rethinking US Intelligence." Defense Intelligence Journal 1, no. 1 (Spring 1992): 17-29.

4. And David McCurdy. "Comments on Intelligence Reorganization." American Intelligence Journal, 13, no. 1 & 2 (Winter-Spring 1992): 6-7.


Boren, David L. "The Role of Intelligence: [Remarks at] A Roundtable." In Preparing America's Foreign Policy for the 21st Century, eds. David L. Boren and Edward J. Perkins. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999.


Borene, Andrew M. "More than Espionage: Open-source Intelligence Should Be Part of Solution." Washington Times, 27 Jan. 2010. []

"White House policymakers and Congress can help develop an increasingly robust national intelligence capacity by investing new money in the pursuit of a centralized open-source intelligence (OSINT) infrastructure." The existing Open Source Center (OSC), built around the former Foreign Broadcast Information Service, "is a perfect point from which to create a national OSINT program management enterprise." The OSC "has developed an unclassified, secure Internet portal for the Intelligence Community called, which is becoming a one-stop shop for research and dissemination." However, the resouces deployed by the OSC "are not free and are forced to compete with espionage programs in the intelligence budget for funding. New money is needed from Congress to fund greatly enhanced development of OSINT sources and methods."


Borg, Dorothy, and Shumpei Okamoto, eds. Pearl Harbor as History: Japanese-American Relations, 1931-1941. New York: Columbia University Press, 1973.

Sexton calls this a "[m]assive study of the political, economic and psychological background of the Pacific war."


Borger, Julian. "British Trade Official Accused of Espionage by Russians." Guardian, 11 Jul. 2008, 12. []

The Foreign Office confirmed on 10 July 2008 that "the Russians suspected a senior diplomat in the British embassy's trade section of espionage. Local media in Moscow named him as Chris Bowers.... The accusation came just hours after Russia's ambassador in Britain, Yuri Fedotov, responded angrily to a string of reports quoting unnamed British security officials emphasising the security threat posed by Russian spies in Britain."

[Russia/00s/08; UK/00s/08]

Borgonovo, John. Florence and Josephine O'Donoghue's War of Independence: A Destiny That Shapes Our Ends. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

From publisher: "IRA leader Florence O'Donoghue describes his experiences as head of intelligence in Cork city during the Irish War of Independence (1919-1921).... He also details his wife Josephine's role as the top IRA spy in Cork's British Army headquarters."


Borgonovo, John. Spies, Informers and the "Anti-Sinn Fein Society": The Intelligence War in Cork City, 1919-1921. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.

From publisher: This book "analyses the existence" of "an Anti-Sinn Fein Society, a pro-British intelligence network operating" in Cork city; "alleged IRA persecution of ex-soldiers[;] and the strength of the IRA intelligence efforts in Cork city.  It places these trends in the context of both the British reprisal campaign in Cork city, and the IRA's guerrilla struggle.  The book contains significant original research that focuses on events in Cork city in 1920-1921." Kahn, Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), notes that "this book draws on new sources to give an Irish perspective on matters ... that had been largely told from the British point of view."


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