Blair, Alex. "Ex-Head of CIA Says Spying on Europe Justified." The Scotsman, 29 Mar. 2000. []

In an interview with Le Figaro on 28 March 2000, former DCI James Woolsey said that "'[s]pying on Europe is justified.' ... He denied, however, that the United States was giving secret information collected from European companies to their US competitors. Mr Woolsey said the United States was spying only on certain companies that violated United Nations sanctions or that participated in bribery in order to gain more business."


Blair, Clay, Jr.

1. Beyond Courage. New York: McKay, 1956.

Petersen: "Escape and evasion in the Korean War.

2. The Forgotten War: America in Korea, 1950-1953. New York: Times Books, 1987.


Blair, Clay, Jr.

1. Hitler's U-Boat War: The Hunters, 1939-1942. New York: Random House, 1996.

Kruh, Cryptologia 21.3, notes that for the years covered here, the author "chronicles virtually all major and many minor U-boat attacks and anti-submarine counterattacks and does it vividly and dramatically.... This monumental work is the most thorough study of the U-boat war in the Atlantic and includes 18 appendices that detail virtually any statistic wanted on the activities of the submarines that were involved."

2. Hitler's U-Boat War: The Hunted, 1942-1945. New York: Random House, 1998.

Kruh, Cryptologia 24.1, comments that Blair presents "enormous detail and draw[s] on sources never used before." This is "the dramatic and authoritative story of the failures and fortunes of the German U-boat campaign against the United States and Great Britain.... [T]his monumental work is the most thorough study of the U-boat war."

To Green, Booklist, 15 Dec. 1998, it "seems unlikely that another historian will surpass Blair's achievement anytime soon. This two-volume chronicle assembles a whole library of information on the longest and one of the grimmest battles of World War II.... Superlative."

Anderson, Intelligencer 17.1 (Winter-Spring 2009), notes that the author "has researched these years thoroughly and meticulously. In fact, too meticulously." This is "a great book but a reader must be willing to plow through -- or sweep past -- all the details of every submarine versus anti-submarine engagement."


Blair, Clay, Jr. Silent Victory: The U.S. Submarine War Against Japan. New York: Lippincott, 1976. New York: Bantam, 1976. [pb]

Clark comment: Intelligence is not the focus of this work; however, Blair discusses the breaking of Japanese codes from the 1920s through the war in the Pacific and the role of intelligence in targeting Japanese shipping. He did well given what was available at the time, but the book is largely outdated on the cryptologic aspects of the war.


Blair, Dennis C. [Associate DCI for Military Support] "The Future of Intelligence Support to the Armed Forces." Defense Intelligence Journal 4, no. 2 (Fall 1995): 7-15.

Blair looks at intelligence support to "the four general phases" of military operations: preparation and planning, deployment, employment, and post-conflict monitoring. He concludes, regarding the future, that "the question is: 'What is required?' not 'What is desired?'"


Blair, Dorian, and C.H. Dand. Russian Hazard: Adventures of a British Secret Service Agent in Russia. London: Hale, 1937.


Return to Blad-Blan