Richard A. Best, Jr.

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Best, Richard A., Jr. Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR): The U-2 Aircraft and Global Hawk UAV Programs. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1 Dec. 2000. Available at:

From"Summary": "Key concerns are whether manned aircraft can be completely replaced by UAVs, the time that it will take to integrate the Global Hawks into the operating force structure, and the availability of adequate funds to support the acquisition of Global Hawks without compromising vital operational capabilities for an extended period."

[Recon/Planes & UAVs]

Best, Richard A., Jr. Covert Action: An Effective Instrument of U.S. Policy? Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 1996. Available at:


Best, Richard A., Jr. Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, 16 Dec. 2011. Available at:

From "Summary": "While the DNI's authorities are stronger than those that were available to the DCI, whether they are sufficient to implement the 2004 intelligence reforms mandated by Congress, it has been argued, will continue to depend on several factors, including the degree to which the authorities themselves are adequate, the DNI's willingness to assert those authorities, and the extent to which the DNI receives presidential and congressional support. The provisions in the FY2010 Intelligence Authorization Act permit more extensive congressional oversight in the 112th Congress."


Best, Richard A., Jr. Homeland Security: Intelligence Support. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, Updated 23 Feb. 2004. Available at:

Legislation establishing theDHS "included provisions for an information analysis element within the new department. It did not transfer to DHS existing government intelligence and law enforcement agencies but envisioned an analytical office utilizing the products of other agencies -- both unevaluated information and finished reports -- to provide warning of terrorist attacks, assessments of vulnerability, and recommendations for remedial actions at federal, state, and local levels, and by the private sector. In January 2003, the Administration announced its intention to establish a new Terrorist Threat Integration Center (TTIC) to undertake many of the tasks envisioned for the DHS informational analysis element..., but some Members of Congress argue that TTIC cannot be a substitute for a DHS analytical effort. This report examines different approaches to improving the information analysis function and the sharing of information among federal agencies."

[DHS/03; Terrorism/00s/03/TTIC]

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