Hamilton Bean

Bean, Hamilton. "The DNI’s Open Source Center: An Organizational Communication Perspective." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 20, no. 2 (Summer 2007): 240–257.

"A focus on competing definitions and assumptions about OSINT reveals that the OSC, intended to implement the recommendations of the WMD Commission, does little to resolve important underlying issues in the OSINT debate. The OSC represents a negotiation, a first step at translating competing positions into tangible structures and action."

In "Reader's Forum," Robert David Steele, "The Open Source Program: Missing in Action," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 21, no. 3 (Fall 2008): 609-619, praises, criticizes, and expands on Bean's discussion. Steele's discussion can profitably be read as a stand-alone item. It is available as a PDF file at: http://www.oss.net.


Bean, Hamilton. No More Secrets: Open Source Information and the Reshaping of U.S. Intelligence. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Praeger Secrurity International, 2011.

Aftergood, Secrecy News, 24 Aug. 2011, says this "is an exceptionally stimulating" academic work "that brings the theoretical principles of organization management and communications theory to bear on intelligence policy in original and insightful ways."

For Steele, http://www.phibetaiota.net, 24 Jul. 2011, this "pioneering work ... not only explains the true worth of open source intelligence, but also illuminates the institutional bias against it and the pathologies of a culture of secrecy." He "strongly recommend[s] the book to both professionals and to faculty seeking a provocative book for students." Steele, IJI&C 25.3 (Fall 2012), adds that "this book and its author have integrity."

To Olcott, Studies 56.1 (Mar. 2012), this book does not "deliver[] on what is promised" in its title. The author "neither examines what 'open source information' might mean in relationship to intelligence, nor does he explain what he means by 'No More Secrets.' ... In the end, this reviewer is left puzzled, though definitely intrigued. Are Bean's long paragraphs and jargon-filled prose simply a product of academic turgidity, or has he contrived to conceal a sly but ultimately quite damning argument about the place of OSINT in the IC?"

[OpenSource/From10; DNI/OSC/07-12]

Bean, Hamilton. "Organizational Culture and US Intelligence Affairs." Intelligence and National Security 24, no. 4 (Aug. 2009): 479-498.

"[D]efining post-9/11 intelligence reform as a 'cultural' problem reifies culture, leading to top-down prescriptions for 'strengthening,' 'unifying,' or 'transforming culture -- the ultimate benefits and consequences of which are still not well understood by scholars."


Bean, Hamilton. "The Paradox of Open Source: An Interview with Douglas Naquin." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 27, no. 1 (Spring 2014): 42–57.

The author's "paradox" is that created "when speakers attempt to fuse the concepts of secrecy and openness." In this article, Bean wraps his discussion of open source around comments made by the now-retired first director of the OSC. The result is as much Bean as Naquin, despite the article's title. See Robert D. Steele, "Observations on the Bean-Naquin Interview," International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 27, no. 3 (Fall 2014): 644-646.



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