Bas - Bat

Bascomb, Neal. Hunting Eichmann: How a Band of Survivors and a Young Spy Agency Chased Down the World's Most Notorious Nazi. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009.

Peake, Studies 53.3 (Sep. 2009) and Intelligencer 17.2 (Fall 2009), comments on the author's "attention to the operational details, both planning and execution. This was the first operation of its kind for the young service and the participants, and it is interesting to read how they adjusted to the mistakes made." This "is a fine book, well worth attention."


Bash, Dana, and Kate Snow. "Messages Intercepted by U.S. on September 10 Revealed.", 19 Jun. 2002. []


Basile, James F. "Congressional Assertiveness, Executive Authority and the Intelligence Oversight Act: A New Threat to the Separation of Powers." Notre Dame Law Review 64, no. 4 (1989): 571-605. [Marlatt]


Baskir, Lawrence M. "Reflections on the Senate Investigations of Army Surveillance." Indiana Law Journal 49 (Summer 1974): 618-653.

Although the CIA has come to be most associated with the Senate investigations of the mid-1970s, the hearings were much more inclusive, touching multiple agencies and, for this article, the Army's substantial domestic surveillance activities.

[CIA/70s/Investigations; FBI/DomSec/Surv; MI/Army]


Bassett, Richard. Hitler’s Spy Chief: The Wilhelm Canaris Mystery. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 2005.

Hughes-Wilson, RUSI Journal, Jun. 2005, finds that this book combines elements of both very good and very bad. It "is deeply equivocal, mixing factual research, conclusion and comment in a manner which is sometimes deeply thought-provoking and sometimes just downright incredible." The author's "well-written ... book ... is a good read and an interesting contribution to any intelligence bookshelf. It will undoubtedly provoke much controversy."


Bassiouni, M. Cherif.

1. International Terrorism: Multilateral Conventions (1937-2001). Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

From advertisement: This volume "includes all relevant conventions adopted since the League of Nations Convention of 1937."

2. International Terrorism: A Compilation of U.N. Documents (1972-2001). 2 vols. Ardsley, NY: Transnational, 2001.

From advertisement: These volumes are "the only published source of all United Nations documentation since 1972 on the subject of 'terrorism.'"


Basu, Shrabani. Spy Princess: The Life of Noor Inayat Khan. Stroud, UK: Sutton, 2006. Gilsum NH: Omega,2007. [pb]

From publisher: Noor Inayat Khan, code named "Madeleine," was the SOE-trained "first woman wireless transmitter in occupied France during WWII"; she "assumed the most dangerous resistance post in underground Paris. Betrayed into the hands of the Gestapo,... [s]he was executed at Dachau in 1944." See Daily Mail (London), "After 65 Years in the Shadows, the Indian Heroine of Churchill's Elite SOE Spy Network Is to Be Recognised with a Statue in London," 4 Jan. 2011. See also, Fuller, Born for Sacrifice (1957).

[UK/WWII/Services/SOE; Women/WWII/UK; WWII/Eur/Fr]

Bateman, Gary M. "The Enigma Cipher Machine." Military Intelligence 8, no. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1982): 24-28.

This is a brief survey of the development of the German Enigma cipher machine and of its initial breaking by Polish cryptologists.

[OtherCountries/Poland/Enigma; UK/WWII/Ultra]


Batey, Keith. "How Dilly Knox and His Girls Broke the Abwehr Enigma." In Action This Day: Bletchley Park from the Breaking of the Enigma Code to the Birth of the Modern Computer, eds. Ralph Erskine and Michael Smith, 301-316, 499. London and New York: Bantam, 2001.


Batey, Mavis. "Breaking Italian Naval Enigma." In Action This Day: Bletchley Park from the Breaking of the Enigma Code to the Birth of the Modern Computer, eds. Ralph Erskine and Michael Smith, 94-109, 474. London and New York: Bantam, 2001.


Batey, Mavis.

1. "Dilly Knox -- A Reminiscence of This Pioneer Enigma Cryptanalyst." Cryptologia 32, no. 2 (Apr. 2008): 104-130.

The author (then Mavis Lever) worked with Knox from 1940. Here, she reviews his career from Room 40 in World War I until his death in 1943.

2. Dilly: The Man Who Broke Enigmas. London: Dialogue, 2009.

Peake, Studies 54.4 (Dec. 2010), finds that the author creates a portrait of "a brilliant, absent-minded intellectual ... who recruited a group of women ... and broke some of the most important Enigma codes of the war.... Dilly is an important book in the history of cryptography, and it shows how much this critical field is both a human art and a science." For Christensen, Cryptologia 35.2 (Apr. 2011), this is an "interesting and well-written biography" that has "a most comprehensive" index.


Bath, Alan Harris. Tracking the Axis Enemy: The Triumph of Anglo-American Naval Intelligence. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1998.

Seamon, Proceedings 125.3 (Mar. 1999), views this work as a "remarkably detailed history of Anglo-American cooperation in the arcane art of intelligence gathering and analysis." In telling the story, there is a "consistent undercurrent of conflict," in that "[n]either nation fully trusted the other's methods ... [nor] credited the other's conclusions." Yet, "they did learn to work together." To Maiolo, I&NS 16.3, the author's "prose style is very clear and his research thorough.... While the general tale of Anglo-American naval intelligence ... will be familiar to many, the value of this study is in the details."

For Bates, NIPQ 15.2 (1999), the author "does a good job explaining why intelligence cooperation in the Pacific was so poor in comparison with that developed in the Atlantic and Mediterranean." The reviewer concludes that "[t]his is a book you should read and it would make an excellent classroom text." Kruh, Cryptologia 23.2 (1999), applauds the author's effort "to put in perspective the total contribution of Allied Naval intelligence to victory in WW II." This is "an essential guide to the Anglo-American intelligence labyrinth ... and the role of codebreaking" in World War II.

[UK/WWII/Services/Navy; WWII/Magic/Cooperation; WWII/U.S./Services/ Navy]

Bathurst, Robert B. Intelligence and the Mirror: On Creating an Enemy. London & Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1993.

According to Wirtz, IJI&C 6.4, Bathurst is "apparently the first to apply semionics to the study of intelligence." The results achieved are "mixed." One problem is that "mirror imaging is generally considered to be a cognitive phenomenon, not a linguistic one." Nonetheless, his ideas are "provocative."

MI 20.4 comments that "[i]nstead of a tightly woven study of two intelligence giants and their perceptions of each other, Bathurst looses us on a twisting, bewildering journey through a maze of psycho-jargon that sheds little light on this important and under-researched area of the Cold War." Surveillant 3.6 sees a "checklist of anthropological, cultural and behavioral factors that filter military and political predictions. Bathurst tests his theory about the role of cultures in controlling perception and lays the foundation for a method of analysis of value in intelligence prediction."

Curts, NIPQ 11.2, opines that, in making his point, Bathurst "places too much blame on uninformed analysts for the results which transpired. 'Command influence' -- leadership demanding and getting what it wants to hear -- has a tremendous effect on intelligence estimates.... This book is not an easy read. The ideas presented are complex, and their presentation is somewhat difficult to follow.... Above all, the author fights the good fight for the necessity for better informed and better experienced intelligence analysis."

Battaglia, Roberto. The Story of the Italian Resistance. London: Odhams, 1957.


Batvinis, Raymond J. Hoover's Secret War Against Axis Spies: FBI Counterespionage During World War II. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 2014.

Goulden, Washington Times, 27 May 2014, and Intelligencer 20.3 (Spring-Summer 2014), calls this "a splendid account of the FBI's contribution to victory in World War II." For Peake, Studies 58.4 (Dec. 2014), the author "adds a new dimension of operational detail to the FBI's role in WW II, but he does not cover Soviet espionage in wartime America. That will be the subject of Batvinis's next study."


Batvinis, Raymond J. "The Hours Seemed Like Days: The FBI in Honolulu in 1941." Intelligencer 19, no. 3 (Winter-Spring 2013): 21-33.

Traces the activities of the Honolulu field and its SAIC in the days before and during 7 December 1941.


Batvinis, Raymond J. The Origins of FBI Counterintelligence. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 2007.

From publisher: The author is a former FBI special agent . He covers "the crucial period before Pearl Harbor when the Bureau's powers secretly expanded to face the developing international emergency." Batvinis "examines the FBI's emerging new roles during the two decades leading up to America's entry into World War II to show how it cooperated and competed with other federal agencies." Peake, Studies 51.3 (2007), concludes that "[f]or those interested in how the FBI crafted its niche in the American national security program," this book "is the place to start."

[CI/00s; FBI/Interwar]

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