Barry, Colleen. "Milan Appeals Court Convicts 2 Italian Spy Chiefs." Associated Press, 12 Feb. 2013. []

On 12 February 2013, overturning acquittals in a lower court, a Milan appeals court "convicted two former Italian spy chiefs for their role in the kidnapping of a terror suspect as part of the CIA's extraordinary rendition program." The court "sentenced Nicolo Pollari, the former head of Italian military intelligence, to 10 years, and Marco Mancini, a former deputy and head of counterintelligence, to nine. Three other Italian agents also were convicted and handed six-year sentences. All the convictions can be appealed."


Barry, Ellen. "'Illegals' Spy Ring Famed in Lore of Russian Spying." New York Times, 29 Jun. 2010. []

The "arrest of 11 people seems to offer a glimpse into a recent form of the [Russians' 'illegals'] program.... [I]f prosecutors are correct,... Russia's network of illegals has survived, and perhaps even grown, since the Soviet Union's collapse."


Barry, James A. "Managing Covert Political Action." Studies in Intelligence 36, no. 5 (1992): 19-31. [Revised version] "Covert Action Can Be Just." Orbis 37, no. 3 (Summer 1993): 375-390.

ProQuest: "The role of covert action following the end of the Cold War is addressed, particularly in the framework of the just-war theory. US covert action in Chile in 1964 and 1970 is evaluated."

[CA/90s; LA/Chile]

Barry, James A., Jack Davis, David D. Gries, and Joseph Sullivan. "Bridging the Intelligence-Policy Divide." Studies in Intelligence 37, no. 5 (1994): 1-8.

This article documents "a clear trend toward an increasingly close relationship between intelligence and policy." While there is broad support for the new trend, "there also is continuing validity in the traditional" view that intelligence should be kept "at arm's length from policy."

[Analysis/Gen; GenPostwar/Policy/90s]

Barry, John. "Covert Action Can Be Just." Orbis (Summer 1993): 375-390.


Barry, John, and Gregory L. Vistica. "The Penetration Is Total." Newsweek, 19 Mar. 1999.

U.S. officials believe that China may have acquired considerable information over the last 20 years about U.S. nuclear weapons. "The government's damage-assessment team is now trying to figure out who could have given the secrets to Beijing. They do not believe it was a foreign visitor to the labs, or leaks through U.S. allies.... 'This was done by American citizens,' says one source close to the investigation.... [T]he close-knit nuclear community [is] wondering if a colleague could have done the unthinkable."


Barry, Kevin. "German Violations of Irish Neutrality During the Second World War." Irish Sword 28, no. 113 (2012): 319-340.


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