Arms, Thomas S. Encyclopedia of the Cold War: A Comprehensive Reference to the International Power Struggle that Dominated World Politics for Almost 50 Years. New York: Facts on File, 1994.
For Surveillant 4.4/5, "[t]his comprehensive A-Z reference ... is evenly handled with numerous intelligence-related references. Highly recommended." Cohen, FA 73.6 (1994), sees Arms' work as "[g]enerally accurate and concise, [but] it has its share of anomalies," as most such works tend to do. This book "may help those in search of capsule biographies or brief accounts of well-known episodes." It is "adequate for its purposes."
Armstrong, Anne. "Bridging the Gap: Intelligence and Policy." Washington Quarterly 12, no. 1 (1989): 23-34.
Armstrong, Douglas G. "The Gulf War's Patched-Together Air Intelligence." U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings 118, no. 11 (Nov. 1992): 109-11.
Armstrong, Fulton T. "Ways to Make Analysis Relevant but Not Prescriptive." Studies in Intelligence 46, no. 3 (2002): 37-43.
The job of the intelligence analyst "is to remain outside the policy and political process, not to be ignorant of it."
Armstrong, Glenda. Intelligence: Special Bibliography No. 326. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Library, Oct. 2005. [http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/mi.htm]
Includes broad categories of Internet Resources, General Information, United States, Geographic Areas, History of Intelligence, War on Terror, Homeland Defense, Iraq War 2003, Persian Gulf War 1991, and Personal Narratives.
Armstrong, John Alexander, ed. Soviet Partisans in World War II. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1964.
Pforzheimer: "Chapter V ... describes Soviet intelligence as an instrument of control, as well as partisan intelligence operations." This study is "valuable for students in the field of guerrilla warfare."
Armstrong, J. Scott. Long-Range Forecasting: From Crystal Ball to Computer. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1978. [Petersen]
Armstrong, Nevill A. Fieldcraft, Sniping and Intelligence. Boulder, CO: Paladin, 1975. [Petersen]
Armstrong, Peter F. "Capabilities and Intentions." Marine Corps Gazette 70 (Sep. 1986): 38-47. [Petersen]
Armstrong, Richard. "Countering the Third Dimension." Military Intelligence 10, no. 1 (1984): 16-21.
Petersen: "Intelligence and counterintelligence for rear area protection."
Armstrong, Richard N. [LTCOL/USA] Soviet Operational Deception: The Red Cloak. Fort Leavenworth, KS: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Combat Studies Institute, 1988.
Whaley, Bibliography of Counterdeception (2006), calls this "[a] solid analysis of Soviet military deception operations in World War II. Oddly misses their last and most sophisticated case, their invasion of Manchuria."
Armstrong, Richard N. "Tactical Triumph at Tannenberg." Military History 14, no. 3 (Aug. 1997): 58-64, 80.
"The Germans won a resounding victory at Tannenberg in August 1914 -- thanks largely to the intelligence they acquired from their Russian opponents' own radio messages." See also, John M. Denkler, "Tannenberg," Cryptolog 15, no. 1 (Jan. 1994): 3, 17-18; and Wilhelm F. Flicke, "The Early Development of Communications Intelligence," Studies in Intelligence 3, no. 1 (Winter 1959): 99-114.
Armstrong, Robert, and Eunan O'Halpin, eds. Intelligence, Statecraft and International Power. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2006.
From publisher: "Addresses questions arising from the development and use by rulers and states of military, diplomatic, economic and political intelligence from ancient times to the present day.... The contributions in this book take a long view of intelligence as an element in state and international affairs, and explore not only the more cerebral aspects of the question ... but more questionable aspects of broader intelligence related activities, such as the circulation of disinformation, destabilization of states and movements, assassinations, and covert warfare against states, movements and peoples."
Armstrong, Scott. "Carter Held Hope Even after Shah Had Lost His." Washington Post, 25 Oct. 1980, A12.
Armstrong, Scott, et al. [National Security Archive]. The Chronology: The Documented Day-to-Day Account of the Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Contras. New York: Warner, 1987.
NameBase: "The Chronology draws on some government documents, but this is mostly a compilation of Iran-contra tidbits from the media, beginning in 1980 and getting progressively more detailed through 1986 -- a year that takes 400 pages of the book. It is valuable for researchers who need to understand how specific events may have fit into a larger pattern. There is a complete index and no conclusion."
[CIA/80s/Nicaragua; GenPostwar/70s/Iran & 80s/Iran-Contra]
Armstrong, Willis C., et al. "The Hazards of Single-Outcome Forecasting." Studies in Intelligence 28, no. 3 (Fall 1984): 57-70. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 238-254. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.
This article is drawn from a longer report to the DCI/DDCI from the Senior Review Panel "on the quality of intelligence judgments preceding significant historical failures over the last twenty years or so." The original report contained 12 cases studies, of which five are presented in the article -- the first Chinese nuclear test, the Soviet ALFA-class submarine, the OPEC price increase of December 1973, the 1974 Ethiopian revolution, and the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan in December 1979. The authors' critique focuses on the perils of failing to analyze and present alternative outcomes.
Army. Editors. "Blinded, Deafened ... and Silenced: If the Defense Intelligence Agency Is Scrapped." 26 (Mar. 1976): 6-7. [Petersen]
Army. Editors. "The Expanding Roles of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles." 45, no. 9 (Sep. 1995): 55-57.
Army. Editors. "Surveillance and Target Acquisition." 16, no. 5 (1966): 43 ff. [Petersen]
Army Information Digest. Editors. "Army Counterintelligence -- Fact vs. Fiction." 18 (Nov. 1963): 29-31. [Petersen]
Army Information Digest. Editors. "The Viet Cong -- Its Political, Military, Intelligence Organization." (May 1965): 38-45. [Petersen]
Army Times. Editors. Heroes of the Resistance. New York: Dodd Mead, 1967.
"Summary" from Miami University Libraries, http://www.lib.muohio.edu: "Accounts of the people who fought back, throughout Europe, against the Nazi terror, describing the courage and daring of such operations as printing clandestine newspapers, blowing up bridges, and helping allies escape."
Army Times. Editors. Modern American Secret Agents. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1964. [Petersen]
Army Times. Editors. The Tangled Web: True Stories of Deception in Modern Warfare. Washington, DC: Robert E. Luce, 1963.
Constantinides: The Tangled Web treats deceptions in warfare "going back to the American Civil War." There are "no scholarly pretensions about this work," which has no notes or references; but it was meant to be a "popular treatment." The book leaves out deception operations that were strategically more important than some of the ones it covers.
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