Matthew M. Aid

A - R

Aid, Matthew M. "All Glory Is Fleeting: Sigint and the Fight against International Terrorism." Intelligence and National Security 18, no. 4 (Winter 2003): 72-120.

The author points to some lessons learned from reviewing the performance of U.S. intelligence prior to 9/11: (1) "an urgent need for more clandestine or unconventional Sigint collection resources"; (2) a need for intelligence services to "break down the barriers that have historically existed between Humint agencies and Sigint services"; (3) "the critical need to improve Sigint's ability to handle the ever-increasing volume of communications traffic being intercepted"; (4) a need for "Sigint processing, reporting and analysis [to] become faster and more efficient"; and (5) a need for "international cooperation among national Sigint agencies," especially in Europe.


Aid, Matthew M. "Eavesdroppers of the Kremlin: KGB SIGINT During the Cold War." In The History of Information Security: A Comprehensive Handbook, eds. Karl de Leeuw and Jan Bergstra, 497-522. New York: Elsevier B.V., 2007.

Peake, Studies 52.4 (Dec. 2008), notes that this work includes a "stimulating analysis of KGB Cold War eavesdropping operations that is based mainly on Russian sources." For Erskine, JIH 7.2 (Winter 2007-2008), Aid's is an "admirable review of KGB Sigint during the Cold War.... He uses Russian sources to show that internecine warfare between the KGB, the GRU and other Soviet Sigint agencies hampered efficiency,... as did their lack of modern computers and good communication facilities."


Aid, Matthew M. Intel Wars: The Secret History of the Fight Against Terror. New York and London: Bloomsbury Press, 2012.

To Nolan, IJI&C 25.4 (Winter 2012-2013), the author "provides a well-researched look at ... the intelligence war within the war and its major players." This work "presents a contemporary blueprint to which more details can later be added."

Dilanian, Los Angeles Times, 2 Jan 2012, finds that this book is full of "revelatory anecdotes.... Weaving together information from once-secret State Department cables disclosed by Wikileaks, little-noticed military documents and the author's own interviews with current and former officials, 'Intel Wars' delves into some of the recent successes, failures and contradictions of the covert war against Al Qaeda in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia." However, "Aid might have done more to knit his fabulous reporting together thematically; the book can be a bit disjointed in spots."

For Temple-Raston, Washington Post, 17 Feb. 2012, "[e]very chapter in the book is braided with intelligence nuggets.... The book's chapters on Afghanistan and Pakistan are particularly engrossing, although they don't put the intelligence community in a particularly good light.... As enjoyable as the book is, it has shortcomings. It can be a little scattered and often reads like a series of articles cobbled together rather than a cohesive whole. And there are some factual errors." Nevertheless, this is a "highly entertaining and interesting book that provides a full-color, detailed snapshot of how the Obama administration is using intelligence to battle terrorism."

[GenPostCW/10s/Gen; Terrorism/10s/Gen]

Aid, Matthew M. "International Peacekeeping Operations: The Intelligence Challenge for America in the 21st Century." In Peacekeeping Intelligence: Emerging Concepts for the Future, eds. Ben de Jong, Wies Platje, and Robert David Steele, 139-156. Oakton, VA: OSS International Press, 2003.


Aid, Matthew M. "In the Right Place at the Right Time: US Signals Intelligence Relations with Scandinavia, 1945-1960." Journal of Strategic Studies 29, no. 4 (Aug. 2006): 575-605.

From abstract: "US-Scandinavian intelligence relations in general, and Signals Intelligence (Sigint) relations in particular, during the period 1945 through 1960 were more extensive and complicated than had previously been believed.... This paper covers the quantity, quality, and types of intelligence information provided to the US by each of the Scandinavian nations [Norway, Denmark, and Sweden], demonstrating that the nature of US intelligence relations with these countries changed substantially as time went by."

[Liaison; NSA/SIGINT; OtherCountries/Denmark, Norway, & Sweden]

Aid, Matthew M. "The National Security Agency and the Cold War." Intelligence and National Security 16, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 27-66.

The focus of this article is NSA's work against its most important target -- the Soviet Union. "NSA['s] accomplishments ... were arguably the most impressive of any American intelligence organization during the Cold War."


Aid, Matthew M. "'Not So Anonymous': Parting the Veil of Secrecy About the National Security Agency." In A Culture of Secrecy: The Government Versus the People's Right to Know, ed. Athan G. Theoharis, 60-82. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1998.


Aid, Matthew. "Project Azorian: The CIA's Declassified History of the Glomar Explorer." National Security Archive, 12 Feb. 2010 -- at

"Today the National Security Archive publishes 'Project Azorian: The Story of the Hughes Glomar Explorer,' a 'Secret' 50-page article from the fall 1985 edition of ... Studies in Intelligence. Written by a participant in the operation whose identity remains classified, the article discusses the conception and planning of the retrieval effort and the creation of a special ship Glomar Explorer, which raised portions of the submarine in August 1974....

"[T]he CIA made significant deletions from the text of the article.... For example, the CIA refused to declassify any information concerning the massive cost overruns.... Nor did the declassified portions of the CIA article answer the critically important questions of how much of the submarine the Hughes Glomar Explorer managed to bring to the surface, or what intelligence information was derived from the exploitation of the portions of the sub that were recovered."

The text of the Studies In Intelligence (Fall 1985) article, as released, is available at:


Aid, Matthew M. "Prometheus Embattled: A Post-9/11 Report Card on the National Security Agency." Intelligence and National Security 21, no. 6 (Dec. 2006): 980-998. And in Strategic Intelligence, Vol. 2, The Intelligence Cycle: The Flow of Secret Information from Overseas to the Highest Councils of Government, ed. Loch K. Johnson, 41-60. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2007.

Although NSA as "by far the the largest and most powerful intelligence agency within the US intelligence community..., it remains deeply troubled by a host of problems, many of its own making."

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