Steven Aftergood

G - M

Aftergood is the director of the Project on Government Secrecy for the Federation of American Scientists. See Aliya Sternstein, "A Career as a Secrecy Watchdog," Federal Computer Week, 13 Nov. 2006.

Aftergood, Steven. "GAO Expands Oversight of Intelligence." Secrecy News, 19 Mar. 2012. []

The GAO "has been conducting several projects involving oversight of intelligence agencies.  A classified GAO review of FBI counterterrorism programs has been completed, and a GAO investigation of the role of contractors in intelligence is in progress."


Aftergood, Steven. "A Glimpse of the 2010 NRO Budget Request (Redacted)." Secrecy News, 1 Jul. 2010. []

The NRO has released in redacted form its FY2010 budget justification book. Most of the "book and all of the budget figures have been withheld from disclosure.  Only 116 pages out of the total of 484 pages contain substantial intelligible text.  But the released portion at least provides a sense of the NRO budget structure as well as a sometimes detailed description of the agency's less sensitive activities and initiatives." The released portions of "FY 2010 Congressional Budget Justification, Volume IV, National Reconnaissance Program," dated May 2009, is available at:


Aftergood, Steven. "Homeland Security Intelligence Strategic Plan." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 17 Feb. 2006. []

"Efforts by the Department of Homeland Security to assert itself as a viable member of the U.S. intelligence community have yielded a new strategic plan for homeland security intelligence and a management directive organizing the Department's intelligence activity. The new strategic plan is a handsome document, but largely devoid of significant content." The "DHS Intelligence Enterprise Strategic Plan," Jan. 2006, is available at:


Aftergood, Steven. "Illuminating Russia's Main Directorate of Special Programs." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 15 Nov. 2006. []

The Main Directorate of Special Programs (GUSP) is a "Russian security organization that was established as one of the various successors to the former KGB.... In a neat bit of detective work, the Open Source Center (OSC) ... noticed that new details of GUSP's internal structure could be gleaned from official badges sold by commercial vendors of military paraphernalia....

"Allen Thomson retrieved images of those telltale military insignia and combined them with other published material to produce 'A Sourcebook on the Russian Federation Main Directorate of Special Programs (GUSP)'" which is available at:

[DNI/OSC; Russia/00s/06]

Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence Budget Requests for 2014 Disclosed." Secrecy News, 11 Apr. 2013. []

The Office of the DNI disclosed on 10 April 2013 "that the FY 2014 budget request for the National Intelligence Program (NIP) is $48.2 billion.  However, this figure excludes the pending funding request for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO).... The Secretary of Defense also disclosed the FY 2014 budget request for the Military Intelligence Program (MIP)..., which was $14.6 billion. It also did not include the funding request for Overseas Contingency Operations."


Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence Directive Bars Unauthorized Contacts with News Media." Secrecy News, 21 Apr. 2014. []

An Intelligence Community Directive issued in March "prohibits unauthorized 'contact with the media about intelligence-related information, including intelligence sources, methods, activities, and judgments.'" See Intelligence Community Directive 119, "Media Contacts," signed 20 Mar. 2014, at:

[DNI/14; Gen/PostCW/14]

Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence and the Open Source Challenge." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 2 May 2001. []

According to the "Strategic Investment Plan for Intelligence Community Analysis," produced by the National Intelligence Production Board (NIPB), "[t]he NIPB has made the development of an Intelligence Community strategy for open source a top priority for investment and concerted action over the next few years." In addition, the Intelligence Community "also needs to exploit the Internet and other open media more effectively and efficiently."


Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence Satellite Imagery Declassified for Release." Secrecy News, 22 Apr. 2013. []

"An enormous volume of photographic imagery from the KH-9 HEXAGON intelligence satellites [with19 successful missions between 1971 and 1984] was quietly declassified in January [2013] and will be transferred to the National Archives later this year for subsequent public release."


Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence Spending Declined in 2011." Secrecy News, 1 Nov. 2011. []

"[A]ccording to budget figures declassified and disclosed last week[,] ... the National Intelligence Program (NIP) budget increased slightly from $53.1 in 2010 to $54.6 billion in 2011, [but] the Military Intelligence Program (MIP) budget dropped from $27 billion to $24 billion.  The sum of both categories of intelligence spending thus declined from $80.1 billion in 2010 to $78.6 billion in 2011, signaling a reversal of the steady intelligence budget increases of the past decade."


Aftergood, Steven. "Intelligence Spending Dropped Sharply Last Year." Secrecy News, 1 Nov. 2013. []

Newly declassified budget data for FY2013 discloses that "[t]otal U.S. intelligence spending last year declined by more than 10% ... the steepest one-year decline in intelligence spending since at least the end of the Cold War." DNI James Clapper "said that the 2013 budget appropriation for the National Intelligence Program was $52.7 billion, but that it was reduced by sequester to $49.0 billion. The Department of Defense disclosed that the 2013 budget for the Military Intelligence Program was $19.2 billion, but that it was reduced by sequester to $18.6 billion."


Aftergood, Steven. "Judge Collyer Named to Intelligence Surveillance Court." Secrecy News, 15 Mar. 2013. []

"Judge Rosemary M. Collyer of the D.C. District Court was appointed by the Chief Justice of the United States to a seven year term on the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.... Collyer’s term on the FIS Court began on March 8, 2013 and will conclude on March 7, 2020.  She replaces Judge John D. Bates, whose term ended on February 21."


Aftergood, Steven. "Judge Mosman Named to Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court." Secrecy News, 9 May 2013. []

"Chief Justice John Roberts has appointed Judge Michael W. Mosman of the District of Oregon to serve as a judge" on the FISC. "The appointment was effective May 4, 2013, and will extend through May 3, 2020.... Mosman replaces Judge Roger Vinson, whose term on the surveillance court expired on May 3, 2013."


Aftergood, Steven. "Judge Walton Named to Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 24 May 2007. []

The Chief Justice of the United States has appointed Judge Reggie B. Walton to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC) effective 19 May 2007. "Judge Walton has been a U.S. District Judge for the District of Columbia since 2001.... He replaces Judge Claude M. Hilton of the Eastern District of Virginia," whose term on the FISC expired on 18 May 2007.


Aftergood, Steven. "Justice Dept National Security Division Draws Criticism." Secrecy News, 28 Jul. 2008. []

"The Department of Justice National Security Division (NSD) that was formed in 2006 by the merger of several DOJ intelligence and national security elements is attracting criticism from some intelligence officials who say that it is biased in favor of the FBI or, alternatively, that it lacks the agility that an intelligence organization needs."


Aftergood, Steven. "More Intelligence Imagery to Be Declassified." Secrecy News (from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy), 16 Aug. 2002. []

NIMA "has announced the impending declassification of ... satellite imagery from the KH-7 and KH-9 satellites.... 'The high-resolution KH-7 surveillance imaging satellite, flown from July 1963 to June 1967, monitored key targets such as IBM complexes, radar systems, and hot spots around the globe,'" according to a NIMA fact sheet. "The lower-resolution KH-9 ... system was devoted exclusively to gathering information for mapmaking, and collected imagery from March 1973 to October 1980."


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