Af - Agt

AFCEA [Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association]

AFIO WIN 07-15. "Australian Spies Sent Into Iraq for ISIS Fight." 17 Feb. 2015.

According to the newspaper The Australian, the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) "has dramatically increased its footprint across the Middle East, reopening its defunct Iraq station and increasing the number of officers in Jordan, Turkey and Lebanon."


AFIO WIN 29-04. "Polish Foreign Intel Gets New Boss." 16 Aug. 2004.

Poland's Prime Minister Marek Belka has named Andrzej Ananicz head of the Agencja Wywiadu, the nation's foreign intelligence agency. He succeeds Zbigniew Siemiakowski, who had headed the agency since its formation in 2002 from the Urzad Ochrony Panstwa (Office of State Protection).


af Ornäs, Anders H., and Sverre Lodgaard. The Environment and International Security. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute, 1992.


AFP. "Australia's Top Spy Makes First Public Address." 19 Jul. 2012. []

Speaking at the National Portrait Gallery in Canberra on 19 July 2012, ASIS Director-General Nick Warner "warned of the 'very real threat' from extremists..., in the first public address" by an ASIS head "in its 60-year history. Nick Warner said the security challenges for agents had dramatically changed over the past decade, as he provided a rare glimpse into the agency's work in a speech designed to raise public awareness about the intelligence community."


AFP. "Belarus Intelligence Chief Axed After Spy Scandal." Moscow News, 20 Jul. 2007. []

On 17 July 2007, Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko replaced "intelligence chief Stepan Sukhorenko but did not say if it was linked to the weekend discovery of a Polish spy ring in the country.... The KGB secret service will now be headed by Yuri Jadobin, who was in charge of Lukashenko's security."


AFP. "Man Indicted for Allegedly Leaking National Secrets." China Post (Taipei), 15 Nov. 2007. []

A spokesman for the Prosecutors' Office of the High Court said on 14 November 2007 that "Pang Ta-wei, a former deputy section chief of the Military Intelligence Bureau, was indicted" on 17 September 2007 on "charges of collecting and leaking classified information" in a book he published in 2004. The Liberty Times newspaper said that "[a]mong the alleged secrets are documents relating to his unit's spying operation on rival China from 1992 through 1997."


AFP. "Russia Expels Romanian Diplomat for Spying." 16 Aug. 2010. []

According to an FSB spokesman on 16 August 2010, the first secretary of the political department at the Romanian embassy in Moscow, Gabriel Grecu, has been detained for spying, declared to be persona non grata, and ordered to leave the country within 48 hours.

[Russia/10s/10; OtherCountries/Romania]

AFP. "A Third of Russian Diplomats in Sweden Are Spies, Swedish Intelligence Says." Telegraph (London), 18 Mar. 2015. []

Presenting the agency's annual security report, the chief counter-espionage analyst of Sweden's intelligence agency Saepo, Wilhelm Unge, told reporters that "'[o]f the Russian embassy's diplomatic staff, about one-third of them are not actually diplomats, they are in fact intelligence officers.'" Unge said "Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Service SVR, military intelligence GRU and the Federal Security Service FSB were all present in Sweden.... Saepo said the Russian presence in Sweden was aimed at acquiring cutting-edge technology and 'preparations for military operations against Sweden'."

[OtherCountries/Sweden; Russia/10s/15]

Africa, Sandra. "The Role, Prospects and Expectations of the TBVC [Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei] Intelligence Services during an Interim Government Period," Strategic Review for Southern Africa 14, no. 2 (Oct. 1992): 78-94.


Aftergood, Steven - A-F

Aftergood, Steven - G-M

Aftergood, Steven - N-Z

Agabekov, George. Tr., Henry W. Bunn. OGPU: The Russian Secret Terror. New York: Brentano's, 1931. Westport, CT: Hypernion Press, 1975.


Agar, Augustus.

1. Baltic Episode: A Classic of Secret Service in Russian Waters. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1963.

Constantinides: This is an "absorbing,... incredible and instructive" account by the commander of British naval coastal motor boats in Finnish waters in 1919. His mission was as a communications link for the illegal head of British SIS in Russia, Sir Paul Dukes [see Dukes, The Story of "ST 25" (1938)], but exceeded that brief by sinking a Soviet cruiser and participating in naval attacks against Kronstadt. An earlier version of this story is included in Agar's Footprints in the Sea. A current retelling of these events is Harry Ferguson, Operation Kronstadt (2008).

2. Footprints in the Sea. London: Evans Bros., 1959.

For Chambers, this book is a "great adventure story typical of the period. Some of the art of covert military support is learned as one reads about support of counterrevolutionaries in Leningrad. Constantinides notes that in terms of Agar's assignment in support of British SIS activities in Russia in 1919, this is a shorter version of Agar's Baltic Episode. The two accounts "differ on what role the British naval commander, Cowan, played in Agar's decision to attack" the Russian cruiser Oleg. Agar also tells of secret naval command activities in World War II.

[UK/Interwar/To29; Footprints also in UK/WWII/Services/Navy]

The Age (Melbourne). "Editorial Opinion: Secret Intelligence? Can't Say Too Much." 5 Jul. 2001. []

The "immunity provisions" of the "Intelligence Services Bill now before Federal Parliament ... are a profoundly disturbing aspect of a bill that is in other respects a reasonable response to the recommendations of the 1995 commission of inquiry into the intelligence service." ASIS and the Defence Signals Directorate "will be on a statutory footing for the first time, and ASIS will come under the scrutiny of a parliamentary committee, as is already the case with ... ASIO. Greater accountability in intelligence gathering is desirable; the worry is that this bill's immunity provisions will undermine accountability, not enhance it."



Agnor, Francis. "The Interpreter as an Agent." Studies in Intelligence 4, no. 1 (Winter 1960): 21-27. In Inside CIA's Private World: Declassified Articles from the Agency's Internal Journal, 1955-1992, ed. H. Bradford Westerfield, 29-34. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995.

This article is not about the technical aspects of the interpreter's art, but rather focuses on the use of interpreters for intelligence collection in both domestic and foreign assignments. The author notes that the immediate information take from such assignments "is likely to be limited," while "the improvement of personal assets can be considerable."

The editor of the Yale University Press collection of articles from Studies in Intelligence stumbles somewhat with a throw-away line in the headnote to this article: "It may be obvious and time-honored ... that language interpreters are used for intelligence collection (and presumably also for some disinformation), yet the literature has neglected this practice." (p. 29) The editor's presumption is erroneous. There is nothing in Agnor's article that would encourage or support such a presumption, so it must originate solely with the editor. The statement betrays a lack of understanding, not just of the methods of intelligence, but of good practice, tradecraft, and common sense.


[Agranat Commission.] "The Agranat Report." Jerusalem Journal of International Relations 4, nos. 1 and 2 (1979): 69-90 and 95-128.

Reprint of Israeli commission report on failures in military preparation for the Yom Kippur war.

[Israel/Yom Kippur]

Agrell, Wilhelm.

Agricola, A. [pseud. Oberleutnant Alexander Bauermeister]

1. "Aus dem Tagebuch eines Nachrichtenoffiziers an der Ostfront" [From the Diary of an Intelligence Officer at the Eastern Front]. In Kämpfer an vergessenen Fronten, ed. Wolfgang Foerster, 503-541. Berlin : Deutsche Buchvertriebsstelle, Abteilung für Veröffentlichungen aus amtlichen Archiven, 1931.

2. Spione durchbrechen die Front [Spies Break Through the Front]. Berlin: Otto Schlegel, 1933. Bauermeister, Alexander [A. Agricola]. Spies Break Through: Memoirs of a German Secret Service Officer. Tr., Hector C. Bywater. London: Constable, 1934.

H.Roewer: "The books and articles of the Russian-born Alexander Bauermeister, who served in WWI as a German intelligence officer on the Eastern front, are very close to reality (as one of his former superiors, the later head of the German Abwehr, Col. Friedrich Gempp, wrote ... in a secret report ... in the German Federal Archive).


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