Robert K. Ackerman

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Ackerman, Robert K. "Air Intelligence Confronts New Geopolitical Realities: Providing Information on Technology Is Not Enough; Analysts Must Also Factor in Human Elements." Signal, Oct. 1998. []

"The National Air Intelligence Center (NAIC), Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, is tasked with providing the Department of Defense with information on foreign aerospace intelligence. This includes providing targeting and mission planning materials, determining adversaries' capabilities and intentions, and evaluating evolving technologies....

"To obtain a broad spectrum of information about nations and their technological threats, NAIC relies on a number of traditional and nontraditional means. Col. [Richard G.] Annas [USAF, NAIC commander] states that the center exploits the Internet to glean as much unclassified information as available. This is especially useful in country assessments. National economic data that are published in open sources also find their way into NAIC reports, where applicable.

"For classified information, NAIC relies extensively on the other U.S. intelligence services. Intelligence input directed to the center is assumed to be accurate and taken at face value. Col. Annas explains that the center can request additional information or detail from the original collector. 'The buzzwords today are collaborative production,' he notes."


Ackerman, Robert K. "Army Aims to Revolutionize Intelligence Process." Signal, Oct. 2003. []

Army deputy chief of staff, G-2, Lt. Gen. Keith B. Alexander says that "[t]he U.S. Army is looking to radically change the very concept of information management to meet its growing intelligence demands arising from force transformation. This will require a new way of processing and disseminating information in a network that links a rapidly growing number of increasingly diverse sensors and sources."


Ackerman, Robert K. "Art of Deception." Signal 43 (Sep. 1988):47-51. [Seymour]


Ackerman, Robert K. "Balkans Serve as Proving Ground for Operational Imagery Support." Signal, Oct. 1999, 17 ff. []

[MI/Imagery & Ops/Bosnia]

Ackerman, Robert K. "Commercial Imagery Aids Afghanistan Operations." Signal, Dec. 2001, 16 ff. []

[MI/Imagery & Ops/Afgh]

Ackerman, Robert K. "Communications Links Vital to Managing Defense Intelligence." Signal, Sep. 1995, 25 ff. []


Ackerman, Robert K. "Defense Intelligence Assumes More Diverse Missions." Signal, Apr. 2007. []

DIA Director Lt. Gen. Michael D. Maples is also "the director of the Defense Joint Intelligence Operations Center (DJIOC), the defense human intelligence (HUMINT) manager, and the commander of the Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (JFCCISR) for the U.S. Strategic Command (STRATCOM). These diverse roles parallel the multifaceted nature of defense intelligence in the post-9/11 era."


Ackerman, Robert K. "Defense Intelligence Seeks Triple-Threat Transformation." Signal, Oct. 2003. []

DIA Director Vice Adm. Lowell E. "Jake" Jacoby sees the DIA "facing a multifaceted tasking that leaves little room for error. It must retool core aspects of military intelligence without lessening its effectiveness to guard against existing threats to the United States.... Jacoby offers that the defense intelligence community is being asked to do two tasks simultaneously -- to address and defeat current threats while identifying future challenges and positioning to deal with them.... One process that already is underway is the increased emphasis on human intelligence assets at all levels from collection to processing and dissemination."


Ackerman, Robert K. "Geospatial Intelligence Grows With Conflicts, New Allies." Signal, Oct. 2006. []

NGA Director Vice Adm. Robert B. Murrett says that "[w]artime demands and the greater likelihood of coalition operations are changing the way the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency [NGA] conducts business. The agency is trending toward products that have lower classification levels to improve coalition interoperability, and it is laying the groundwork for its customers to tailor its products to suit specific needs."


Ackerman, Robert K. "Horizontal Integration Challenges Intelligence Planners." Signal, Oct. 2003. []

"Charles E. Allen is the assistant director of central intelligence for collection" at the CIA. "An intelligence official for more than 40 years, Allen also heads or serves on intelligence boards that are focusing on how to break down long-standing barriers to efficient and effective intelligence transfer at various levels. He believes that horizontal integration must occur across both technologies and disciplines -- and as quickly as possible.... Allen offers that 'fairly phenomenal' progress has been made among intelligence community leaders since the September 11 attacks. However, the community is not where it needs to be yet."


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